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Sandy Hook Scavenger Hunt

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nora byrne

on 14 November 2013

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Transcript of Sandy Hook Scavenger Hunt

Sandy Hook Scavenger Hunt
Atlantic Horseshoe Crab- Limulus Polphemus
Common Fish in
New Jersey
Surf Clam- Spisula solidissima
Poison Ivy- Toxicondendrum Radicans
Atlantic Horseshoe Crab
Most commonly found in the Gulf of Mexico and along the Northern Atlantic Coast of North America.
Poison Ivy
Poison Ivy is found in wooded areas, especially along edge areas where the tree line breaks and allows sunlight to filter through its leaves.
By: Jenna, Nora, Reed, Sabrina
Surf Clam
Surf clams live buried in coarse or fine sand. They can live offshore or in low tidal or surf zones
This clam lives in sand and mud and is found in intertidal or sub tidal zones in bays and estuaries.
Knobbed Whelk
Ribbed Mussel
Guekensia demissus
Seaside Golden Rod
Solioago Sempervirens
Salt-meadow Cordgrass
Spartina Patens
Three Spined
They have three sharp spines on the back in front of the dorsal fin
The freshwater form is found in well-vegetated sites that typically have muddy or sandy bottoms. In the sea they are found only in coastal areas and juveniles are associated with drifting patches of seaweed.
The three-spined stickleback is a bottom-feeder that feeds basically on benthic prey
Razor Clam- Enis directus
Ribbed Mussel- Guekensia demissus
Knobbed Whelk- Busycon carica
Spisula solidissima
Surf clams that live along the New Jersey coast are believed to grow to maturity in approximately seven years
It is a much larger relative of the eastern Atlantic surf clam.
Surf Clams are one of the largest and also longest-living Atlantic bivalve species
Busycon carica
Knobbed whelks are native to the North Atlantic coast of North America from Cape Cod, Massachusetts to northern Florida
It is the state shell of New Jersey and Georgia.
This Shell is right-handed, meaning the spiral will end up opening facing the viewer, the opening on the right side.
The shell is thick and strong and has six clockwise coils.
Razor Clam
Ensis Directus
It gets its name from the rim of the shell being extremely sharp ,stepping on one can cause injury
It ranges from yellowish to dark brown in color. The length of the razor clam is about six times its width.
It has a coating around its shell to protect it from eroding in the mud or sand
This species is native to the Atlantic coast of North America.

They are often found in saltwater and estuarine marshes
Ribbed mussels live in the intertidal zone, attached to hard surfaces or embedded in sediment
Ribbed mussel are relatively large mussels. They range from 5 - 10 cm (4 inches)
Eastern Prickly Pear- Opuntia Humifusa
Seaside Golden Rod- Solioago Sempervirens
Saltmeadow Cordgrass- Spartina Patens
Toxicondendrum Radicans
Its leaflets are triple-pointed and almond-shaped. The colors range from light green to dark green; it turns bright red in the fall.
Over 350,000 people are
affected by poison ivy
annually in the United States.
Opuntia Humifusa
The green stems of the cactus are flattened and formed of segments. It measures from 4-6 centimeters. It has flowers that can yellow to gold in color; they are found among margins of mature segments of the cactus.
It is very intolerant to shade; it only thrives in sunlight.
A juicy red fruit grows with it
The Seaside Golden Rod is native to eastern North America and in parts of the Caribbean. It is a maritime plant.
They can reach 4-6 feet in height. Flowers are found in their radiate heads. The flowers are often yellow and have sprouts of buds at the end of short branches.
They are very intolerant to shade.
These are used to add biodiversity for dune restoration projects.
Saltmeadow Cordgrasses are found in high marsh zones. It may be covered during high tide.
It is a slender wiry plant that grows in thick mats. It grows 30-40 cm high. During the spring and summer the grass is green, and during the late fall and winter it is light brown.
It is less tolerant to saltwater than any other marsh grass. It has specialized cells that are able to exclude salt from entering the roots, preventing the loss of fresh water.
Mats of salt hay grass are inhabited by many small animals and are an important food source for ducks and sea side sparrows.
Eastern Prickly Pear
Hermit Crab- Pagurus Longicarpus
Limulus Polphemus
More closely related to spiders and ticks than crabs
shell is smooth grey to dark brown in color
Pagurus Longicar
Atlantic Blue Crab
The Atlantic blue crab, or simply blue crab, is a species of crab native to the waters of the western Atlantic Ocean.
Adult crabs can grow up to 9” in length.
Their shells are a pale to dark blue
Females have red tips on their claws called lipstick
Crabs are bottom feeders, feeding on dead fish, snails, and decayed vegitation.
Sand Shrimp
Sand shrimp grow up to 2.75 inches in length.
They are almost transparent pale to ash grey spotted with brown or black.
They live among submerged seaweeds on sandy marshes, salt marshes, and eel grass beds.
At night they scavenge for food.
They are one of the most dominant praetors in the benthic community.
Winter Flounder
In the summer they spend their time in deep waters usually offshore and in winter more shore line in lakes estuaries and bays.
Usually known as the flat fish.
They are mainly found in the atlantic.
These flounders mostly always have eyes on the right side of their bodies and do not have teeth.
They grow up to 64 cm in length and is most common near shore when they are found.
They are usually a yellow or silvery grey kind of color
Bay Anchovy
-small, slender, schooling fish with a greenish body and silvery stripe that runs along the body
-grow up to a total of 4 inches long
-schooling ovcurs in deep waters in the winter and shallow waters in the warmer seasons
-feed mostly on zoo plankton
-live up to the age of three, but usually only up to two
Atlantic Silverside
-small species of fish from the west atlantic
-the fish is about 15cm long, usually silver and white
-habitat is usually at the water's edge. Schooling is common around seagrass beds.
-feeds on small animals, plants, and algae
-a defense mechanism they have is using their quick swimming ability to hide in seagrass.
Long-clawed hermit crabs have reddish tan bodies, and their claws are long, thin, and white with a grey or brown median stripe.
Broad-clawed hermit crabs are reddish, grey, or tan with flattened, broad claws.

Hermit Crab
Anchoa mitchilli
Menidia menidia
Palaemonetes serratus
Callinectes Sapidus
Long-clawed hermit crabs grow up to 1 1/2 inches long.
Broad-clawed hermit crabs grow up to 4 inches long
They live in tide pools and salt marshes.
They play an important role in bottom feeding.
Palaemonetes serratus
Callinectes Sapidus
Winter flounder can alter their body color to blend in with the bottom they are resting on, making it tough for prey and predators to see them
Pseudopleuronectes americanus
Pseudopleuronectes americanus
Menidia menidia
Anchoa mitchilli
Gasterostreus aculeatus
Gasterostreus aculeatus
It is a small, beautifully streamlined, torpedo shaped fish, with a broad tail fin.
They are capable of perceiving ultraviolet wavelengths of light invisible to the human eye and use such wavelengths in their normal behavioural repertoire.
Although most individuals tend to measure between 4 and 6 cm in length, some marine sticklebacks may grow to 10 cm.
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