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Transcript of Beauty
More skinny, more hair
Anorexia began to have media coverage
What is Beauty?
can be used as noun or adjective
Beauty in Art
Definition: the quality or aggregate of qualities in a person or thing that gives pleasure to the senses or pleasurably exalts the mind or spirit
"The promise of happiness"- Stendhal
Has been used less over time
Now we use adjectives like "pretty", "nice", "cute", or "hot"
Beautiful is a serious word in our culture
For something to be beautiful it must be rare or special - not everything is beautiful
Beauty in Culture
Beauty in History
Beauty in Math
Why do Different Cultures Consider Different Things Beautiful?
How can we know what other people mean if everyone attaches personal experiences to their language?
Nina Davuluri- Miss America 2014
Problems with American Standard of Beauty
Thailand- Long Necks
India- Lighter Skin
Iran- Nose Jobs/Bandages (sign of wealth)
**THESE ARE GENERALIZATIONS AND NOT EVERYONE CONFORMS TO THEM
Mursi from Ethiopia- Large Lips (sign of sexual maturity)
Even in America where we have a fairly defined cultural standard of beauty, people still have individual preferences
Although beauty standards around the world are becoming more Americanized, people still have their own cultural perception of what it is to be beautiful but is heavily influenced
1. Harter, Pascale. "Mauritania's 'wife-fattening' Farm."
BBC News. BBC, 26 Jan. 2004. Web. 13 Feb. 2015.
2. Pao, Maureen. "Around The World, Notions Of Beauty Can
Be A Real Beast." NPR. NPR, 27 Sept. 2013. Web. 13 Feb. 2015.
3. Burton, Natasha. "Long Necks, Super-Sized Lips, And Other
Bizarre Beauty Standards From Around the World." Cosmopolitan. Hearst Communications Inc. Web. 13 Feb. 2015.
4. "Women's Body Image and BMI: 100 Years in the US."
Rehabs.com. Rehabs.com. Web. 17 Feb. 2015.
5. Minamoto, Kazuo. "Katsushika Hokusai."
Ancientworlds.net. Ancient Worlds LLC, 7 Aug. 2008. Web. 17 Feb. 2015.
6. Rosenfeld, Ph.D., Jason. "The Salon and The Royal Academy
in the Nineteenth Century". In Heilbrunn Timeline of Art History. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 2000–. (October 2004).
7. Harper, Douglas. "Online Etymology Dictionary." Online
Etymology Dictionary. Douglas Harper. Web. 17 Feb. 2015
Gibson Girl 1910s
"God used beautiful mathematics in creating the world"- Paul Dirac
Many people hate math, other people don't
Math is beautiful because it's constant
It's an especially reliable way to prove things
Being able to see organization with the balance of equations in the midst of chaotic formulas
When something is simplistic or creates a new connection, some people consider it beautiful.
Beauty is subjective and can only be quantified in specific context.
Flapper Girl 1920s
Tried to look like men
Asserted freedom from Victorian ideals
Different cultures focus on traditional, native aspects that comprise and define their scale of beauty.
Each culture differs in it's perception of beauty, as the human race has dissipated in similarity with the passage of time.
1930s-1940s: Women dressed more like men, very practical fashion
Often converted mens' suits to women's clothes
No fabric or dyes because of war/Depression- less expensive fashion
Marilyn Monroe- 1950s
More beauty products, more fashion, preferred fuller figures (Marilyn Monroe had a very high BMI compared to today's models)
Twiggy- Very skinny, more masculine because of sexual revolution (like 1920s, asserting freedom)
1980s: Exercise Clothes
People wanted to be skinny, cardio exercise emphasized
1990s: Alicia Silverstone
Professional, still skinny
Source: "Women's Body Image and BMI: 100 Years in the US."
"From the late eighteenth century, such institutions (Royal Academies of Art) had a virtual monopoly on public taste and official patronage." (Rosenfeld)
Chinese Art from 1800s
The Great Wave off Kanagawa
European Art from 1800s
Venice, from the Porch of Madonna della Salute
Joseph Mallord William Turner