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Bipolar Disorder

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Maysah Wilsenack

on 2 April 2015

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Transcript of Bipolar Disorder

Other signs and Symptoms
What is bipolar disorder?
A mental illness marked by extreme shifts in mood ranging from a manic episode to a depressive episode.
Bipolar I Disorder
Mental Health
Mental illnesses affect how a person thinks, feels, and behaves.


Mood Changes:
manic episodes:
- “high” or an overly happy or outgoing mood
- extreme irritability.

depressive episodes:
-long periods of feeling sad or hopeless
-loss of interest in activities you once enjoyed.

Rapid Cycling Bipolar Disorder
Rapid changes in mood.
Bipolar Disorder
At least one manic episode and one or more major depressive episode.
Equally common in men and women
First episode in men is usually mania
First episode in women is typically major depression
Behavioural Changes
Some individuals experience more than one episode in a week or even in a day
Individuals may have four or more of major depressive, manic, hypomanic, or mixed symptoms
Other names for Bipolar Disorder
Bipolar disease
Manic Episodes:

-you may talk very fast → jumping from one idea to another, and have racing fast pace thoughts
-be unusually distracted
-increasing activities, such as taking on multiple new projects
-being overly restless
-sleeping little or not being tired
-having an unrealistic belief in your abilities
-behaving impulsively and engaging in pleasurable, high risk behaviours
Behavioural Changes
Depressive Episodes:

-feeling overly tired or “slowed down”
-having problems concentrating, remembering, and making decisions
-being restless or irritable
-agitated
-trouble sleeping
-changing eating, sleeping or other habits
-thinking of death or suicide, or attempting suicide
Manic depression
Criteria for Bipolar Disorder
At least one manic episode followed by depression
Bipolar I Disorder
Bipolar II Disorder
Medications
Mood stabilizers
-they treat and prevent highs and lows
At least one major depressive episode lasting two weeks
At least one hypomanic episode lasting four days
-Neurotransmitters
Cyclothymic DIsorder
1.Lithium
2.Anticonsulvants
3.Depakote
4.Antipsychotics
5.Benzodiazepines
Therapy
At least one year of numerous periods of hypomanic and depressive episodes
Symptoms last up to two month
Cognitive-behavioural therapy
Talk Therapy
Interpersonal Therapy
Social Rhythm Therapy
Family focused education

Other aids can include…
-peer support
-eating a nutritious diet
-exercising regularly
-getting enough sleep

Manic or hypomanic episode
Where can I go for help?

Manic Episode

Mental health specialists, such as psychiatrists, psychologists, social workers, or mental health counselors
Health maintenance organizations
Community mental health centers
Hospital psychiatry departments and outpatient clinics
Mental health programs at universities or medical schools
State hospital outpatient clinics
Family services, social agencies
Peer support groups
Private clinics and facilities
National Suicide Prevention Lifeline
800-273-(TALK)
Euphoric or Irritable mood that lasts at least one week.

Hypomanic Episode
Euphoric or Irritable mood that lasts up to four days.
To be considered a manic epsiode
Mood disturbance must be serious enough to cause a significant change in school, work, social gatherings, and relationships.
Need to be hospitalized to prevent harm to self or others.
To be considered a hypomanic episode
Significant change in mood and functioning, enough of a change that is noticeable.
Isn't serious enough to impact school, work, relationships and social gatherings. No need for hospitalization.
Criteria for a major depressive episode
Five or more of the following symptoms over a two week period :
Depressed most of the day
Loss of interest in activities
Increase/decrease in appetite
Insomnia or excessively sleeping
Restlessness
Fatigue
Inappropriate guilt

Poor concentration
Thoughts about death, attempting suicide
Anxious Distress
Loss of Pleasure
No reaction to the environment
Rapid cycling
Physcosis
Symptoms in children and teens
The criteria used to diagnose children and teens is the same for adults.
Rapid changes in mood
Often hard to tell whether it is a normal up/down,
a reaction to trauma or stress, or signs of a disorder other than bipolar disorder.
Most children diagnosed with bipolar disorder
also are diagnosed with other conditions.
Severe mood swings are most prominent in
children and teens.
The Portrayal
In 90210, Erin Silver presents various bipolar symptoms. During one of her manic episodes she makes a bad decision and ends up at the train station chasing the train.
Later on she is diagnosed with Bipolar I Disorder and recieves the treatment she needs. It is clearly portrayed in the show that treatment is necessary for Bipolar Disorder. Erin Silver has a very strict routine she follows daily. This prevents manic episodes. This show touches on one of the major misconceptions of Bipolar Disorder and does a great job on showing that
help is available when needed. Also, her friends play a really good role showing that their is social support available for the person in need of it
Portrayals of Bipolar Disorder in Other Media
References
90210's Portrayal of Bipolar Disorder. Retrieved April 1, 2015, from http://psychcentral.com/blog/archives/2009/04/25/90210’s-portrayal-of-bipolar-disorder/

Bipolar disorder. Retrieved April 1, 2015, from http://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/bipolar-disorder/basics/definition/con-20027544

Bipolar Disorder: Medications. (n.d.). Retrieved April 1, 2015, from http://www.webmd.com/bipolar-disorder/bipolar-disorder-medications

Bipolar Disorder Treatment. (n.d.). Retrieved April 1, 2015, from http://www.helpguide.org/articles/bipolar-disorder/bipolar-disorder-treatment.htm

Bipolar II Disorder. Retrieved March 31, 2015 from http://www.webmd.com/bipolar-disorder/guide/bipolar-2-disorder#0

Bipolar Disorder Not Otherwise Specified. Retrieved March 31, 2015 from http://www.healthline.com/health-blogs/bipolar-bites/bipolar-disorder-not-otherwise-specified-nos-really-bipolar-illness
Bipolar II Disorder
Hypomanic episodes rather than manic
Depressive episodes are more common than hypomanic
Symptoms typically start during teen years and early 20's
Similar to clinical depression
Bipolar Disorder Not Otherwise Specified
(BD-NOS)
Symptoms are present but do not meet the diagnostic criteria for Bipolar I or II
Symptoms are clearly different from an individual's normal range of behaviour
Cyclothymic Disorder (Cyclothymia)
"Mild form" of Bipolar disorder
2 episodes of hypomania
Mild depression for at least 2 years
Symptoms do not meet the diagnostic requirements for any other Bipolar disorder
Unmanaged symptoms can lead to Bipolar I or II
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