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Reconstruction Successes and Failures

Successes and failures of the post civil war reconstruction

Michael Foggia

on 18 October 2012

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Transcript of Reconstruction Successes and Failures

After the Civil War the country was in disarray. The country needed to be brought back together. This is where reconstruction comes into play. The reconstruction period of the United States was good and bad. It caused a lot of violence at the time but was successful and better for the country in the long run. Successes and Failures of Reconstruction Failures Reunification of the Union The Union was separated for four years and reconstruction brought it back together and restored what we know as the United States. Expansion of the South's Economy The end of the war brought business back to the South as Northern states and foreign countries began to trade with the South again. Southern states were able to sell their crops and goods and make a profit again. The Creation of the Klu Klux Klan The Klu Klux Klan was created in 1865 in Pulaski, Tennessee by six Confederate Army veterans and it quickly spread throughout the south. The Klan used violence and threats to try and restore white supremacy. Their main targets were Freedman and their allies, sometimes by sending threatening messages, beating them or murdering them. The Klan's Violence was out of control. They were torturing, whipping, hanging, and killing blacks everyday. They would also set houses on fire and sometimes set captured blacks on fire too. Successes The 13th Amendment to the US Constitution officially outlawed slavery in the US. It was adopted on December 6th, 1865 and it was the first of three reconstruction amendments. Then on July 9th, 1868 the country adopted the 14th amendment. The 14th amendment gave citizenship to anyone born in the United States. It overruled the Supreme Courts ruling in Dred Scott v. Sanford that held that blacks could not be Citizens. It Prohibited state and local governments from depriving persons life, liberty or property. It also required each state to provide equal protection under the law to all people within its jurisdiction. Finally, the 15th Amendment was ratified Feburary 3, 1870. It gave blacks and all other races the right to vote if they are a citizen of the United States. Creation of the 13th, 14th and 15th Amendments On March 3, 1865 Congress passed the Freedman's Bureau Bill which created the Freedman's Bureau. The Freedman's Bureau was initiated by President Lincoln and was only meant to last for a year after the Civil War. The Bureau aided former slaves by providing food, housing, oversight, education, health care and employment contracts. It was a key agency during reconstruction helping freed slaves in the South until 1969. Freedman's Bureau The Enforcement Acts of 1870 were criminal codes which protected blacks rights to vote, to hold office, to serve on juries, and receive equal protection of laws. If a state failed to enforce these laws the federal government had the right to intervene. It also banned the use of terror, force or bribery to prevent someone from voting because of their race. Enforcement Act of 1870 After the war much of the South was left in ruins. Leaving people homeless, jobless and without supplies. Southern farmers lost their land and their slaves which meant no crops, which meant no money and no food for the farmer and other southerners. This caused much of the Southern population to be trapped in the poverty cycle. Also with little job opportunities available in the South at the time, blacks weren't getting hired because whites were hired before blacks. This left many newly freed slaves homeless and hungry. Poverty http://jehanne-cas.blogspot.com/2010/01/successes-failures-of-reconstruction.html The Black Codes were laws that allowed limiting the basic human rights and civil liberties of blacks. They were used at the beginning of the Reconstruction, where as freedmen, the blacks still had pressure about things like when to meet with friends. They were restrictions on the way a freedman could live. Black Codes http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Black_Codes_(United_States) http://jehanne-cas.blogspot.com/2010/01/successes-failures-of-reconstruction.html The Jim Crow Laws were state and local laws in the United States enacted between 1876 and 1965. They were laws that believed in de jure racial segregation. Which was the idea of a separate but equal status for blacks. This made it legal to have white only and black only public schools, public places, restrooms, restaurants and drinking fountains. This caused more racism in the country which lead to more violence and the rebirth the the Klu Klux Klan in 1915. Jim Crow Laws http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jim_Crow_laws In order to rebuild the South, the South needed and money. In order to get this money the taxes needed to be raised which meant more money out of the peoples pockets. This lead to more poverty because the people had less money to spend. The worst part is the fact that most of the peoples taxes were being pocketed by the government. Only a little of the money was used for serious reasons. High Taxes and Corruption http://jehanne-cas.blogspot.com/2010/01/successes-failures-of-reconstruction.html Failures Reunification of the Union http://jehanne-cas.blogspot.com/2010/01/successes-failures-of-reconstruction.html http://jehanne-cas.blogspot.com/2010/01/successes-failures-of-reconstruction.html http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Reconstruction_Amendments http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Freedmen's_Bureau http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Enforcement_Acts http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ku_Klux_Klan
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