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PHIL. CONSTITUTION: ARTICLE 6
Transcript of PHIL. CONSTITUTION: ARTICLE 6
THE LEGISLATIVE DEPARTMENT
The Legislative Power:
- House of Representatives
The regular election of the Senators and the Members of the House of Representatives:
- composed of 24 senators
elected at large by the qualified
voters of the Philippines
- natural born citizen of the Phil.
- atleast 35 years of age
- was able to read and write
- registered voter
- resident of the Philippines for not less than two years immediately preceding the day of the election.
The term office of the Senators:
- Shall be six years and shall commence at noon on the thirtieth day of June next following their election.
- No Senator shall serve for more than two consecutive terms
- Voluntary renunciation of the office for any length of time shall not be considered as an interruption in the continuity of his service for the full term of which he was elected
(1) House of Representatives
- shall be composed of not more than 250 members
(2) The Partylist Representatives
- shall constitute twenty per centum of the total number of representatives including those under the party list.
(3) Legislative Districts
- shall comprise, as far as practicable, contiguous, compact, and adjacent territory
(4) Within three years following the return of every census, the Congress shall make a reapportionment of legislative districts based on the standards provided in this section.
unless otherwise fixed by law, who shall be elected from legislative districts apportioned among the provinces, cities, and the Metropolitan Manila area
and those who, as provided by law, shall be elected through a party-list system of registered national, regional, and sectoral parties or organizations.
- for three consecutive terms after the ratification of this Constitution, one-half of the seats allocated to party-list representatives shall be filled
by election from the labor, peasant, urban poor, indigenous cultural communities, women, youth, and such other sectors as may be provided by law, except the religious sector.
- Each city with a population of at least two hundred fifty thousand, or each province, shall have at least one representative.
Members of the House of Representatives
Is a natural-born citizen of the Philippines and, on the day of the election, is at least twenty-five years of age.
Is able to read and write, and, except the party-list representatives, a registered voter in the district in which he shall be elected.
Is a resident thereof for a period of not less than one year immediately preceding the day of the election.
The members of the House of Representatives
Shall be elected for a term of three years which shall begin, unless otherwise provided by law, at noon on the thirtieth day of June next following their election.
No Member of the House of Representatives shall serve for more than three consecutive terms.
Voluntary renunciation of the office for any length of time shall not be considered as an interruption in the continuity of his service for the full term for which he was elected.
shall be held on the second Monday of May, unless otherwise provided by the law.
In case of vacancy in the Senate or in the House of Representatives:
A special election may be called to fill such vacancy in the manner prescribed by law
But the Senator or Member of the House of Representatives thus elected shall serve only for the unexpired term.
- The salaries shall be determined by law.
- No increase in said compensation shall take effect until after the expiration of the full term.
All Members of the Senate and the House of Representatives :
A Senator or Member of the House of Representatives:
No Senator or Member of the House of Representatives :
The Congress :
No Senator or Member of the House of Representatives :
Senators and Members of the House of Representatives:
- in all offenses punishable by not more than six years imprisonment, be privileged from arrest while the Congress is in session.
- No Member shall be questioned nor be held liable in any other place for any speech or debate in the Congress or in any committee thereof.
shall make a full disclosure of their financial and business interests.
may hold any other office or employment in the Government, or any subdivision, agency, or instrumentality
Neither shall he be appointed to any office which may have been created or the emoluments
may personally appear as counsel before any court of justice
Neither shall he, directly or indirectly, be interested financially in any contract with any franchise or special privilege granted by the Government, or any subdivision, agency, or instrumentality
shall convene once every year on the fourth Monday of July for its regular session
shall continue to be in session for such number of days as it may determine until thirty days before the opening of its next regular session
The Electoral Tribunals and the Commission on Appointments
The Senate and The House of Representatives :
(1) Shall elect its President and the House of Representatives its Speaker, by a majority vote of all its respective Members.
(2) A majority of each House shall constitute a quorum to do business
(3) Each house may determine the rules, punish its members, and, with the concurrence of two-thirds of all its Members, suspend or expel a Member.
(5) Neither House during the sessions of the Congress shall, without the consent of the other, adjourn for more than three days, nor to any other place than that in which the two Houses shall be sitting.
A smaller number may adjourn from day to day and may compel the attendance of absent Members in such manner
A penalty of suspension, when imposed, shall not exceed sixty days.
(4) Each House shall keep a Journal of its proceedings, and from time to time publish the same, excepting such parts that may affect National Security.
Each House shall also keep a Record of its proceedings.
- shall each have an
shall be composed of
* 3 shall be Justices of the Supreme Court
* 6 shall be Members of the Senate or the House of Representatives
The senior Justice in the Electoral Tribunal shall be its Chairman.
There shall be a Commission on Appointments consisting of the President of the Senate
12 Senators and 12 Members of the House of Representatives
The Chairman of the Commission shall not vote, except in case of a tie
shall be constituted within thirty days after the Senate and the House of Representatives have been organized with the election of the President and the Speaker.
shall meet only while the Congress is in session, at the call of its Chairman
All appropriation and bills shall originate exclusively in the House of Representatives, but the Senate may propose or concur with amendments.
The heads of departments :
may conduct inquiries in aid of legislation in accordance with its duly published rules of procedure.
The rights of persons appearing in or affected by such inquiries shall be respected.
The records and books of accounts of the Congress shall be preserved and be open to the public in accordance with law
The Senate or the House of Representatives or any of its respective committees :
(1) The Congress, by a vote of two-thirds of both Houses in joint session assembled, voting separately, shall have the sole power to declare the existence of a state of war.
(2) In times of war or other national emergency, the Congress may authorize the President, for a limited period and subject to such restrictions as it may prescribe, to exercise powers necessary and proper to carry out a declared national policy.
(2) No provision or enactment shall be embraced in the general appropriations bill.
(1) The Congress may not increase the appropriations specified in the budget.
Shall be prescribed by law.
(3) The procedure in approving appropriations
(4) Special appropriations bill :
procedure for approving appropriations for other departments and agencies.
shall specify the purpose for which it is intended.
shall be supported by funds actually available as certified by the National Treasurer
(7) If, by the end of any fiscal year, the Congress shall have failed to pass the general appropriations bill
The general appropriations law shall be deemed reenacted.
(6) Discretionary funds
shall be disbursed only for public purposes to be supported by appropriate vouchers
(5) No law shall be passed authorizing any transfer of appropriations
The President of the Senate
The Speaker of the House of Representatives
The Chief Justice of the Supreme Court
The heads of Constitutional Commissions
may be authorized to augment any item in the general appropriations law
Shall remain in force and effect until the general appropriations bill is passed by the Congress.
(2) No bill passed by either House shall become a law unless it has passed three readings
(1) Every bill passed by the Congress shall embrace only one subject.
No law shall be passed increasing the appellate jurisdiction of the Supreme Court as provided in this Constitution without its advice and concurrence.
(1) No money shall be paid out of the Treasury.
(1) The rule of taxation shall be uniform and equitable.
Every bill passed by the Congress :
Shall be presented to the President before it becomes a law
The President shall have the power to veto any particular item
(2) The Congress may, by law, authorize the President to fix within specified limits
(3) Charitable institutions, churches and all lands, buildings exclusively used for religious, charitable, or educational purposes shall be exempt from taxation.
(4) No law granting any tax exemption shall be passed without the concurrence of a majority of all the Members of the Congress.
(2) No public money shall be appropriated for the use for support of any sect, church, or system of religion except when such priest, or dignitary is assigned to the armed forces, or to any penal institution, or government orphanage or leprosarium.
(3) All money collected on any tax levied for a special purpose shall be treated as a special fund and paid out for such purpose only.
The Congress :
No law granting a title of royalty or nobility shall be enacted.
shall, as early as possible, provide for a system of initiative and referendum
whereby the people can directly propose and enact laws or approve or reject any act or law
as the rules of each House shall provide, appear before and be heard by such House on any matter pertaining to their departments.
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