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ELA Literary Terms Booklet

Project for ELA class
by

Matthew Weissman

on 7 June 2011

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Transcript of ELA Literary Terms Booklet

Literary Terms Booklet By Matthew Weissman Table of Contents alliteration................................3
antagonist................................4
autobiography.........................5
biography.................................6
characterization......................7
climax.......................................8
comedy.....................................9
dialogue..................................10
diary........................................11
drama.....................................12
exposition..............................13
external conflict...................14
fiction.....................................15
first person point of view....16
foreshadowing......................17
genre......................................18
hyperbole...............................19
imagery..................................20
internal conflict....................21
irony.......................................22
metaphor...............................23
nonfiction..............................24
omniscient point of view....25
onomatopoeia.......................26
personification......................27
plot.........................................28
protagonist............................29
secondary characters...........30
short story.............................31
simile......................................32
theme......................................33
third person point of view...34
tone.........................................35
tragedy....................................36 Alliteration 1.
the commencement of two or more stressed syllables of a word group either with the same consonant sound or sound group (consonantal alliteration), as in from stem to stern, or with a vowel sound that may differ from syllable to syllable (vocalic alliteration), as in each to all. Compare consonance ( def. 4a ) .
2.
the commencement of two or more words of a word group with the same letter, as in apt alliteration's artful aid. Source: http://dictionary.reference.com/browse/alliteration The Scientific Soulmate System is an example of an alliteration. Onomatopoeia 1.
the formation of a word, as cuckoo or boom, by imitation of a sound made by or associated with its referent.
2.
a word so formed.
3.
Rhetoric . the use of imitative and naturally suggestive words for rhetorical effect. An example of an onomatopoeia is "CRASH" Antagonist 1.
a person who is opposed to, struggles against, or competes with another; opponent; adversary.
2.
the adversary of the hero or protagonist of a drama or other literary work: Iago is the antagonist of Othello.
3.
Physiology . a muscle that acts in opposition to another. Compare agonist ( def. 3 ) . Source: http://dictionary.reference.com/browse/antagonist THe Antagonist attempted to kill the protagonist. Autobiography a history of a person's life written or told by that person. Source: http://dictionary.reference.com/browse/autobiography Parts of Romiette and Julio are autobiographies in Romi's diary. . Biography 1.
a written account of another person's life: the biography of Byron by Marchand.
2.
an account in biographical form of an organization, society, theater, animal, etc.
3.
such writings collectively. Source: http://dictionary.reference.com/browse/biography Anybody can write a biography. Characterization 1.
portrayal; description: the actor's characterization of a politician.
2.
the act of characterizing.
3.
the creation and convincing representation of fictitious characters. Source: http://dictionary.reference.com/browse/characterization The characterization and explanation in the book was perfect. Climax 1.
the highest or most intense point in the development or resolution of something; culmination: His career reached its climax when he was elected president.
2.
(in a dramatic or literary work) a decisive moment that is of maximum intensity or is a major turning point in a plot.
3.
Rhetoric .
a.
a figure consisting of a series of related ideas so arranged that each surpasses the preceding in force or intensity.
b.
the last term or member of this figure. Source: http://dictionary.reference.com/browse/climax I think the climax was when they jumped off the boat. Comedy 1.
a play, movie, etc., of light and humorous character with a happy or cheerful ending; a dramatic work in which the central motif is the triumph over adverse circumstance, resulting in a successful or happy conclusion.
2.
that branch of the drama which concerns itself with this form of composition.
3.
the comic element of drama, of literature generally, or of life. Source: http://dictionary.reference.com/browse/comedy The movie was funny because it was a comedy. Dialogue 1.
conversation between two or more persons.
2.
the conversation between characters in a novel, drama, etc.
3.
an exchange of ideas or opinions on a particular issue, especially a political or religious issue, with a view to reaching an amicable agreement or settlement. 5.
to carry on a dialogue; converse.
6.
to discuss areas of disagreement frankly in order to resolve them. 4.
a literary work in the form of a conversation: a dialogue of plato. 7.
to put into the form of a dialogue. Source:http://dictionary.reference.com/browse/dialogue The dialouge was more than the action. Diary 1.
a daily record, usually private, especially of the writer's own experiences, observations, feelings, attitudes, etc.
2.
a book for keeping such a record.
3.
a book or pad containing pages marked and arranged in calendar order, in which to note appointments and the like. Source: http://dictionary.reference.com/browse/diary The person kept a diary of their thoughts. Drama 1.
a composition in prose or verse presenting in dialogue or pantomime a story involving conflict or contrast of character, especially one intended to be acted on the stage; a play.
2.
the branch of literature having such compositions as its subject; dramatic art or representation.
3.
the art dealing with the writing and production of plays.
4.
any situation or series of events having vivid, emotional, conflicting, or striking interest or results: the drama of a murder trial.
5.
the quality of being dramatic. Source: http://dictionary.reference.com/browse/drama The play contained a lot of drama. Exposition 1.
a large-scale public exhibition or show, as of art or manufactured products: an exposition of 19th-century paintings; an automobile exposition.
2.
the act of expounding, setting forth, or explaining: the exposition of a point of view.
3.
writing or speech primarily intended to convey information or to explain; a detailed statement or explanation; explanatory treatise: The students prepared expositions on familiar essay topics.
4.
the act of presenting to view; display: The singer gave a splendid exposition of vocal talent.
5.
exposure (def. 10).
6.
the state of being exposed; exposure.
7.
Music. the first section of a fugue or a sonata form, in which the principal themes normally are introduced.
8.
(in a play, novel, etc.) dialogue, description, etc., that gives the audience or reader the background of the characters and the present situation. Source: http://dictionary.reference.com/browse/exposition The exposition at the start gave a detailed description. External Conflict in literature, a struggle between the protagonist and another character against nature or some outside force Source:http://dictionary.reference.com/browse/external+conflict The external conflict was the protaginist against his enemies. Fiction 1.
the class of literature comprising works of imaginative narration, especially in prose form.
2.
works of this class, as novels or short stories: detective fiction.
3.
something feigned, invented, or imagined; a made-up story: We've all heard the fiction of her being in delicate health.
4.
the act of feigning, inventing, or imagining.
5.
an imaginary thing or event, postulated for the purposes of argument or explanation.
6.
Law . an allegation that a fact exists that is known not to exist, made by authority of law to bring a case within the operation of a rule of law. Source: http://dictionary.reference.com/browse/fiction The story was only fiction, but scared the small child.
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