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A B C...

Scott Bingham

on 13 February 2013

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Transcript of Copy of CIVIL WAR ALPHABET BOOK

A is for Amnesty. This was part of Lincoln's program to give full pardon to all Southerners. The Southerners had to take an oath of allegiance to the Union. They also had to promise to accept all federal laws and proclamations dealing with slavery. B is for Bull Run. There were 2 battles of Bull Run. The first ended Lincoln's hope of a quick war. It was on July 21, 1861. The second battle was between Lee and John Pope. C is for Confederates. They were formed out of the Southern States that seceded. They fought against the Union in the Civil War. They were not very well prepared for wa,r and as a result, lost to the Union. D is for Dred Scott v. Sandford. Dred Scott was a slave who sued for his freedom. Scott's owner took him to live in territories where slavery was illegal, then they returned to Missouri. After his owner's death, Scott argued that he was a free man because he had lived in territories where slavery was illegal. E is for Emancipation Proclamation.This document was issued by Abraham Lincoln. It freed all slaves in the Confederate States. He wanted to strengthen the Union's purpose. F is for the Fredericksburg battle. This is where more than ten thousand Northern soldiers were killed or wounded. This was due to Burnside's rash frontal attack against Lee's army in Fredericksburg, Virgina. Burnside replaced McClellan and protested that he was unfit for this position. G is for Gettysburg, Pennsylvania. This was where the turning point of the war took place. It was marked as the "high tide of the Confederacy" since it was the highest point reached by any significant Southern force. For them, it was also the last real chance for victory. Countless lives were lost in Gettysburg as Lincoln later said in his famous Gettysburg address. After that battle, the Southern cause was doomed. H is for Hooker. He replaced General Burnside. He was an aggressive officer but too headstrong. At Chancellorsville, Virginia, he was crushed by Lee's brilliant strategy. I is for iron works. This was crucial to both the North and the South during the War. Even so, the South needed it more. Their most important iron works was the Tredgar Iron Works in Richmond, Virginia. Without these iron works, the South would have collapsed. J is for Jefferson Davis. He was the President of the Confederate States. His family had moved south from Kentucky, and he was a recent member of the US Senate from Mississippi. He was also a former cabinet member with very wide military and administrative experience. Therefore, he was considered an extremely able man, except for his chronic bad health. K is for Ku Klux Klan. This was a secret group that aimed to keep former slaves powerless. Klansmen burned houses, beat, and killed African Americans. The Klansmen kept the Republicans from voting, and the Democrats were able to increase their power. L is for Lee's surrender. Lee was one of the greatest Confederate war generals the South has ever seen. Lee sent a message to Grant stating that he was ready to surrender. On April 9, 1865, Lee and Grant met in the small Virginia town of Appomattox Court House to arrange the South's surrender. M is for the Mississippi River. The Mississippi River was a great waterway trade route. It was very important for the South, so the North took it over. This was one of the first main areas the North took from the South. N is for the North. The North was also known as the Union. The conflicts and different views between the North and the South caused the Civil War. The Union won the Civil War under President Lincoln. O is for Ordnances. Ordnance was a branch of the armed forces dealing with the supply and storage of weapons and ammunition. It also was connected with military weapons, ammunition, and equipment used in the Civil War. Artillery was often identified by the year of design in the Ordnance department references. P is for the Presidential Election of 1864. In it, Lincoln ran against McClellan and won. Even so, it was a close race. One of the most effective slogans that helped to re-elect Lincoln was: "Don't swap horses in the middle of the river." Q is for quilts. Quilts were used to lead slaves from the south to the North using the Underground Railroad. Quilts were also sold to raise money for the Union cause. Several quilt squares were named from the Civil War. One of the most well known patterns is the Log Cabin. R is for Reconstruction. Reconstruction is the process the federal government used to readmit the Confederate states into the Union. It lasted from 1865 to 1877. After Lincoln's assassination, Vice-President Andrew Johnson took it upon himself to follow through with this process. S is for the South. This was the region of the Confederacy as they were the states that seceded from the Union. In the Civil War, they fought for their freedom but lost. They suffered a great deal of casulties. They were being lead by Jefferson Davis. T is for the Thirteenth Amendment. This was created in 1865 and abolished all slavery within the United States of America. By the end of 1865, twenty-seven states had ratified the admendment. Sadly, Lincoln did not get to see is dream come to fruition. U is for Union. The Union was the northern part of the United States. It remained under the government of the U.S. Abraham Lincoln served as the president of this area. V is for Vicksburg. Vicksburg is located in Mississippi. On July 4, 1863, the stronghold of the Confederate forces stationed on the Mississippi River fell. Even so, it held out for six weeks until they faced starvation as Grant's troops laid siege to the city. W is for Washington, D.C. This was the capital of the United States. It was the military headquarters. It became a major priority of the War Department. Y is for Yankee. Yankee is the name applied to Northerners. No one is really sure where the word comes from. The Southerners would use it as a threat to the Northerners. X is for Xanthorrhiza. Xanthorhiza is another name for yellow root. When a soldier got sick or injured, Xanthorrhiza would be used. It was a shrub grown in the south. Civil War doctors would turn it into medicine to cure soldiers. Z is for Zouaves. Zouaves were great military soilders. Zouaves were Union soldiers that fought excedingly well. The first Zouaves that were documented in history, were the French. ABBY'S CIVIL WAR BOOK THANK YOU,
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