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Athletic Training Anatomy
Transcript of Athletic Training Anatomy
5.Movement Planes Posterior-Front of your body Anterior- Back of your body Dorsal- same as anterior
ventral- same as posterior Lateral- away from the middle line of the body Medial- twords the middle line of the body Proximal- Twords an attachment like where elbow touches the forearm Distal- Away from attachment, like wrist is distal from the knee Superior-One point or structure high than another, knee is superior to the foot Inferior- one point is below another like fingers are inferior to the elbow. Superficial- not deep into the skin more of a scratch or cut. Deep- past the layers of skin but deep into the body such as a stab wound or the heart compared to the sternum Bones Scapula- also known as shoulder blade Humerus- arm bone inferior to the shoulder blade Clavicle- known as the collar bone Sternum- center bone of the chest, in between the pectorals iliac crest- crest around top of pelvis
Pelvis- hip bones
Vertebral Column- lower end of the spine superior to pelvis Carpals- bones in the wrist
Metacarpals- bones known as fingures Ulna- one of the two forearm bones
Radius- bigger of the two bones in the forearm Femur- largest bone in the leg and inferior to the pelvis Patella- aka the knee Metatarsals- bones behind the toes Tibia- 2nd biggest bone in the leg inferior to the knee Fibula- smaller bone next to the Tibia and is part of the shins Skin Epidermis- smallest layer of skin, covers the outer part of the body Dermis- biggest section of the skin layers, inferior to the Epidermis. Hypodermis- the final layer of skin and home to major arteries and veins. Movements Flexion- flexing of muscle Extension- the relaxing of muscle into a straight position Inversion- leaning of foot twords the medial line. Eversion- when pinky toe is elevated and big toe is pointed twords the medial line Pronation- palm faces floor Supination- palm faces up Retraction- Shoulders pulled backwards Protraction- Shoulders pushed forward Circumduction- moving of arm in virticle circles Rotation- moving left to right across the y axis Muscles Rectus abdominal- Abs Trapezius- Traps Gluteus Maximus- Butt Deltoid- shoulder muscle Bicepts- muscle supieror to forearms Triceps- muscles on upper back of arm Gastrocnemius- calf muscles Vastus Lateral- largest of quadriceps Vastus medials and intermedials- other muscles of the quadriceps. Soleus- also a part of calf Tibialis anterior- also part of calf Pectoralis major- pecs Serratus- holds scapula in place