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History of Psychiatric Nursing
Transcript of History of Psychiatric Nursing
Hyppocrates proposed that mental
illnes was a disturbance of body fluids
or "humors The Greeks use temples
as hospitals Salem Witch Trials Middle Ages In pre-Christianity years, the priests acted as magicians, physicians and psychologists. It was believed that the cause of mental illness was due to possession by evil spirits. By the time Christianity became an official religion, this demonic belief was an essential part of the faith. Begins with 8 girls exhibiting a bizarre set of symptoms that include: vomiting, convulsions, slurred speech, and hallucinations Hildegarde E. Peplau She is known as the Mother of Psychiatric Nursing. Scope and Standards of Psychiatric–Mental Health Nursing Practice Chlorpromazine (Thorazine), one of the first psychotropic drugs, was discovered, greatly
improving the condition of consumers with psychosis and delusion. In many cases, Thorazine
alleviated symptoms of hallucinations, delusions, agitation and thought disorders. History and Trends in Mental Health Why should I care about the history of Mental health? Johann Weyer (1515-1588) First physician to specialize in mental disorders In the Middle Ages, mass madness was maintained by oppression, disease and famine Establishment of Asylums “Bedlam”: Monastery of
St. Mary of Bethlehem in
by King Henry VIII (1547) Aroused worldwide awareness of inhumane treatment for the mentally ill and established 32 mental hospitals around the world Benjamin Rush, M.D. (1745-1813) Dorothea Dix (1802-1887) signer of the Declaration of Independence and the Father of American Psychiatry, published the first psychiatric textbook in the United States, Inquiries and Observations on Diseases of the Mind. Sigmund Freud (1856-1939) The humanistic ideas from the French Revolution, combating the degrading conception of mental disorders achieved their peak in the gesture of the french physician Philippe Pinel (1745-1826) n 1913, Johns Hopkins University was the first college of nursing in the United States to offer psychiatric nursing as part of its general curriculum. Linda Richards