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Indian Classical Music

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by

Sunny Lee

on 13 March 2012

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Transcript of Indian Classical Music

Indian Music All Indian music is composed.
Indian music has many tones and melodic decorations.
The total range covers less than 4 octaves. Indian classical music is famous for improvisation Let's find more about Indian Music Then, what's outbound marketing? alright, let's get started! . . case studies presentations eBooks Meet industry leaders
Promote your content What can I use? RSS feeds
Google Alerts Improvisation in Indian classical music is important. This depends on the mood of the performers and the audience.
Tones, ornaments and rhythem is highly depended on Improvisation in Indian classical music. Improvisation is generally formed by the soloist and drummer. improvising means creating and producing music, art, drama spontaneously or without any preparation. RAGA Raga refers to melodic modes used in Indian Classical Music.
Basically, It is a organization of melody. Raga is used as basis
for Improvisation. Each raga has a certain pattern of ascending and descending notes. These notes are presented with melodic phrases and tonal emphasis. These notes
create atmosphere and mood such as peace, love,
day, night or heroism. Raga ascending Raga Descending Basic Structure of Raga Every piece of Indian Classical music starts with a slow introduction called an Alap. Alap is played by the soloist on the sitar. The purpose of this section is to set the mood of the song. Alap includes all notes of the raga. Alap Drum enters and introduces new melodic and rhythmic patterns. The last section of the raga is generally quicker and contains more complex melodies and rhythms. CODA A coda at the end of the raga is reappearnce of some previous part in the music. The raga ends with a dramatic climax. Instruments in Indian Classical Music Some Instruments represents gods or goddesses.
So performers treats their instruments with high respect. The flute symbolize Krishna (The Hindu God) Vina, one of the most freqently used in Indian classical music, represents the Sarasvati/Hindu goddess of wisdom. Chordophones The most frequently used chordophones in Indian Classical Music include the Sitar, Vina, Sarod, and Tambura. Membranophones The Mridangam and Tabla are the most frequently used membranophones in Indian Classical Music. SITAR 19~23 moveable frets
Seven strings (plucked)
Five for the melody
two for drone and rhythmic effects
9~13 vibrating strings located underneath the frets, parallel with the plucked strings. (giving its characterstic sounds)
Alap Vina From Southern India
4 strings for melody
3 strings for drone and rhythm effects. (located at the side of the fingerboard. Sarod From Nothern India
plucked with an plectrum
Six main strings
4 strings for melody
2 strings for drone rhythem
11~16 other strings vibrate sympathetically with the main strings Tambura 4 metal strings
4 strings are continually plucked to provide atmosphere.
Responsible for drone of the Indian Classical Music Mridangam Two headed
harerelled
tuneable drum
From Southern India
Played with open han and fingers
Left head - bass drum
Right head - tuned to the tonic note. Tabla Nothern Indian Instruments
Used as a solo instrument in Nothern India
Pair of single headed drums
played by one perfomer
Left head - tonic note
Right head - bass drum Notes of the Indian music scale sa ri ga ma pa dha ni sa But sa can be pitched anywhere.
It does not have to be exactly in tune with the pitch of any particular note. The pitch of the sa is chosen by the main singer or instrumentalist. Other instrumentalists tune their instruments to the pitch of the chosen sa. If we apply this to western music, Analysis Only Sitar, Tabla and Tambura are used in this piece of music. Raga Yaman Alaap 0:00 ~ 0:20 ALAP. The main instrumentalist,
The sitarist plays solo including all notes of the raga.
(Descending raga) (descending glissandi)
Sitarist is setting the atmosphere of the music.
Drone is played by the sitarist. in Western term, Drone is
similar to pedal point.
Only one notes repeat as a drone for the entire song
harmonic structure is based on the drone and remains the same throughout (only one chord) – pedal point

0:20 ~ 0:50 Melody becomes more complicated
with new notes.
The sitar melody in this section is repeated with the
second time being with different dynamics and intensed
emotions/mood.
Expressive techniques appearing in this part: bends/slides.

0:50 ~ 1:20 A new melody is introduced. The pitch is
very low compared to the previous section.

1:20 ~ 2:04 A new melody is introduced. The beat becomes faster
and the melody more complex. The melody moves into a higher range
of pitch.

2:04 ~ 2:50 The melody moves back into a low resister.

2:50 ~ 4:42 Main melody. Very complex and faster than
any other melodies in previous sections.

4:42 ~ 5:39 Last part of the song. It is dramatic and
the song concludes dramatically. T h nk YOU Indian classical music are many of the elements of the music of Pakistan
Full transcript