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Urinary System

The kidneys, ureters, bladder, and urethra that filter wastes out of the blood and eliminate them as urine.

Brandon Poe

on 1 March 2017

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Transcript of Urinary System

Urinary System
filter waste molecules out of blood

store and eliminate urine
Kidney Structure
Urine Elimination
Glomerular Filtration Rate (GFR)
Urinary Organs
Tubular Absorption and Secretion
Where is the neuron located that directly causes the internal anal sphincter to relax?

A) Sacral spinal cord – lateral horn
B) Sacral spinal cord – ventral horn
C) Sympathetic chain ganglia
D) Myenteric plexus
Which of the following is not a characteristic of the small intestine to increase surface area of the mucosa for absorption?

A) Circular folds
B) Rugae
C) Villi
D) Microvilli
What layer of tissue is protective padding around the kidney?

A) Renal capsule
B) Adipose capsule
C) Renal fascia
D) Peritoneum
maintain osmotic balance
maintain acid-base balance
maintain electrolyte balance
Where is the majority of water reabsorbed during digestion?

A) Stomach
B) Small intestine
C) Cecum
D) Colon
Which macromolecule, as a nutrient, has the most energy represented by caloric content?

A) Carbohydrate
B) Protein
C) Lipid
D) Nucleic Acid
Image source: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Urinary_system#/media/File:Urinary_system.svg
fibrous capsule
adipose capsule
renal fascia
Image source: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kidney
Image source: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nephron
Image source: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nephron
What structure is responsible for coordinating homeostasis through both the autonomic and endocrine systems?

A) cerebrum
B) anterior pituitary
C) hypothalamus
D) pineal gland
What structure is responsible for coordinating homeostasis through both the autonomic and endocrine systems?

A) cerebrum
B) anterior pituitary
C) hypothalamus
D) pineal gland
All images (unless otherwise noted) are from CNX Anatomy & Physiology. OpenStax College. Sept 1, 2015. http://cnx.org/contents/14fb4ad7-39a1-4eee-ab6e-3ef2482e3e22@7.28:1/Preface
This hand-colored woodcut shows a wheel and chart that classify urine samples in order to aid physicians in diagnosing diseases. In the middle of the wheel, a doctor follows the medical practice of uroscopy--the meticulous inspection of a patient's urine by sight, smell, and taste. The color and consistency of the urine was particularly important, as indicated by the vials on the wheel and the chart. Ulrich Pinder (d. ca. 1510 or 1519), a Nuremberg physician, wrote this richly annotated practical medical handbook that contains sections on uroscopy, the heart and pulse, and classification of fevers.
From the Library of Congress: Ulrich Pinder. Epiphanie Medicorum. Speculum videndi urinas hominum. Clavis aperiendi portas pulsuum. Berillus discernendi causas & differentias febrium. Nuremberg: 1506. Rosenwald Collection. Rare Book and Special Collections Division, Library of Congress (128.2)
Image source: http://www.loc.gov/exhibits/world/earth.html#obj128.2
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