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America

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by

Nicole Coetzee

on 22 February 2012

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Transcript of America

Beers of North America...
Bring on the hops!
"For we could not now take time
for further search (to land our
ship), our victuals being much
spent, especially our beer."

-from the log of THE
MAYFLOWER

Organizations

Columbus, Chinook, Cascade, Centennial
Glacier, Amarillo, Simcoe
Pacific North(south?)west Hops
In the Past...
Prohibition

Frozen dinners

Soda

WonderBeer
Now...
Bigger!
Better!
Faster!


Very refreshing and thirst quenching

Fizzy yellow beer

Up to 40% rice or corn as adjuncts

Lower gravity and lower calorie beer

Strong flavours are a fault

OG: 1.028 - 1.040
FG: 0.998 - 1.008
IBU: 8 - 12
SRM: 2.0 - 3.0
ABV: 2.8 - 4.2
Lite American Lager

Emerged after the nation's palate was lost during prohibition and further damaged in the years
that followed.
History

Low to no grainy or corn like malt aroma
Very low to a no spicy or floral hop aroma
Occasional green apple or fruitiness
Aroma

Very pale straw to pale yellow
Very clear
White, frothy head seldom persists
Appearance

Crisp and dry with mild grainy/malty-ness
Low to no hop flavour
Low hop bitterness
Slightly malty to slightly bitter finish
Balanced
Flavours

Very light body
Very highly carbonated
Often watery
Body

Spicy,
greasy
or light
Food pairings


Broad category of international mass-market lagers

Refreshing and thirst quenching

Up to 25% rice or corn as adjuncts

Green bottles

Slightly more bitter than standard/lite

OG: 1.046 - 1.056
FG: 1.008 - 1.012
IBU: 15 - 25
SRM: 2.0 - 6.0
ABV: 4.6 - 6.0
Premium
American Lager


Emerged after the nation's palate was lost during prohibition
and further damaged in the years that followed.
History

Low to medium-low grainy or corn like malt aroma
Very low to a medium-low spicy or floral hop aroma
Occasional green apple or fruitiness
Aroma

Pale straw to gold
Very clear
White, frothy head may not persist
Appearance

Crisp and dry with mild grainy/malty-ness
Low to no hop flavour
Low to medium hop bitterness
Slightly malty to slightly bitter finish
Balanced
Flavours

Medium-light
High carbonation
Sometimes stingy
Body

Spicy,
greasy
or light
Food pairings


Refreshing and hoppy

Balanced supporting malt

Cleaner and hoppier than American amber

OG: 1.045 - 1.060
FG: 1.010 - 1.015
IBU: 30 - 45
SRM: 5.0 - 14.0
ABV: 4.5 - 6.2

American Pale Ale

American adaptation of English pale ale
Reflects indigenous hops, malt, yeast, and water
History

Low to medium bready/maltiness
Medium to strong American hop aroma
Often citrusy/resiny
May have grassy dry-hopping note
Aroma

Pale golden to deep amber
Clear but may have haze from dry-hopping
Moderately large white to off-white head with good retention
Appearance

Low to medium high clean or bready malt
Medium to high American hop flavour
Often citrusy/resiny
Medium to high hop bitterness
Medium to dry finish with lingering bitterness
May have grassy dry-hopping note
Flavours


Medium-light to medium
Medium to high carbonation
Body

Mexican
Indian
Thai
Vietnamese
Jerk/Cajun
Bolder meat and oiler fish
Food pairings


Strong, hoppy, bitter American pale ale

Usually strong American hop presence

OG: 1.056 - 1.075
FG: 1.010 - 1.018
IBU: 40 - 70
SRM: 6.0 - 15.0
ABV: 5.5 - 7.5
American IPA

An American version of the historical English style, brewed using American ingredients and attitude
History

Low to medium clean bready/maltiness
Strong to very strong American hop aroma
Citrusy, floral, perfume-like, resinous, piney, tropical/stone fruit
May have grassy dry-hopping note
Some alcohol may be noted
Aroma

Medium gold to medium reddish copper
Clear but may have haze from dry-hopping
Moderately large white to off-white head with good retention
Appearance

Low to medium high clean or caramely malt
Medium to high American hop flavour
Citrusy, floral, resinous, piney or fruity aspects
Medium to high hop bitterness
Medium-dry to dry finish with lingering bitterness
May have grassy dry-hopping note
Flavours

Medium-light to medium
Medium to medium-high carbonation
Smooth alcohol warmth in stronger versions
Body

Mexican
Indian
Thai
Vietnamese
Jerk/Cajun
Bolder meat and oilier fish
Food pairings


Intensely hoppy, very strong pale ale

Hop but minimal malt complexity

Drinkability important

A showcase for hops

“double”, “extra”, “extreme”

OG: 1.070 - 1.090
FG: 1.010 - 1.020
IBU: 60 - 120
SRM: 8.0 - 15.0
ABV: 7.5 - 10.0

Imperial IPA


Resent result of American craft brewers “pushing the envelope”
History

Low to medium clean background bready/maltiness
Strong to very strong hop aroma
Citrusy, floral, perfume-like, resinous, piney, tropical/stone fruit
Usually have grassy dry-hopping note
Some alcohol is usually noted
Aroma

Golden amber to medium reddish copper
Clear but may have haze from dry-hopping
Good head stand with off-white colour should persist
Appearance

Low to medium high clean or caramely malt
Strong hop flavour
Often with citrusy, floral, resinous, piney or fruity aspects
High to absurd hop bitterness
Medium-dry to dry finish with long lingering bitterness
Clean, smooth alcohol
May have grassy dry-hopping note
Flavours

Medium-light to medium
Medium-high carbonation
Smooth alcohol warming
Body

Mexican
Indian
Thai
Vietnamese
Jerk/Cajun
Bolder meat and oiler fish
Big cheeses
Food pairings


Lightly fruity beer with caramel flavours,
and Northern Brewer varietal hop character

Hop flavour/aroma is woody/minty rather than citrusy

Warm-fermented lager yeast is used

OG: 1.048 - 1.054
FG: 1.011 - 1.014
IBU: 30 - 45
SRM: 10.0 -14.0
ABV: 4.5 - 5.5
California Common Beer

Large shallow open fermenters or coolships were traditionally used before refrigeration in the San Francisco Bay area
History

Low to medium caramely/toasty malt
Mild fruitiness
Medium to high Northern Brewer hop aroma
Woody, rustic or minty
Aroma

Medium amber to light copper
Clear
Moderate off-white head with good retention
Appearance

Medium caramely/toasty malt
Mild fruitiness
Low to medium Northern Brewer hop flavour
Woody, rustic or mint
Dry crisp finish with lingering bitterness and malt
Flavours

Medium
Medium to medium-high carbonation
Body

Grilled meats
Mexican
Food pairings



American pale ale with more body, more caramel richness, and a balance more towards malt than hops

Also called Red Ale

Popularized Northern California
and the Pacific Northwest

Caramel but not roasty

OG: 1.045 - 1.060
FG: 1.010 - 1.015
IBU: 25 - 40
SRM: 10.0 - 17.0
ABV: 4.5 - 6.2
American Amber Ale


Bigger, maltier, hoppier version of brown ale

Can fall between Northern English brown ale
and brown porter

North American hops

OG: 1.045 - 1.060
FG: 1.010 - 1.016
IBU: 20 - 40
SRM: 18.0 - 35.0
ABV: 4.3 - 6.2
American Brown Ale


Hoppy, bitter, strongly roasted stout

Wide variety of versions

Bolder roasted malt & hops compared to UK

OG: 1.050 - 1.075
FG: 1.010 - 1.022
IBU: 35 - 75
SRM: 30.0 - 40.0
ABV: 5.0 - 7.0


Examples:
Rogue Shakespeare Stout,
Deschutes Obsidian Stout,
Sierra Nevada Stout, North Coast Old No. 38,
Avery Out of Bounds Stout,
Lost Coast 8 Ball Stout
American Stout

American take on UK stout
History

Medium to strong roasted malts
Roasted coffee or dark chocolate
Sometimes mild burnt/charcoal or medium fruit
Low to very low hop aroma
Aroma

Jet black to very dark brown
Opaque
Light tan to light brown, large, persistent head
Appearance

Medium to very high roasted malt
Coffee, dark/bittersweet chocolate, sometimes lightly burnt
Low to medium malt sweetness
Low to high hop flavour
Medium to high bitterness
Medium to dry finish
Flavours

Medium to full
Medium-high to high carbonation
Body

Steak
BBQ
Cured meats
Mexican
Oysters
Cajun
Chocolate
Food pairings


Stout using oatmeal to provide
a fuller creamier body

Typically medium sweet and silky

OG: 1.048 - 1.065
FG: 1.010 - 1.018
IBU: 25 - 40
SRM: 22.0 - 40.0
ABV: 4.2 - 5.9
Oatmeal Stout


Big, thick, intensely flavoured dark ale

Roasty, dark fruity, and bittersweet

Black barleywine like

Widely varied within the style

OG: 1.048 - 1.065
FG: 1.010 - 1.018
IBU: 25 - 40
SRM: 22.0 - 40.0
ABV: 4.2 - 5.9

Russian Imperial Stout


Originally popular with the Russian Imperial Court
Brewed big for export to the Baltic States and Russia
Today popular with American craft brewers
History

Rich and complex roasted grains and dark fruit
Coffee, dark chocolate, slightly burnt tones, plums, prunes, raisins
Low to high hop aroma
Smooth alcohol character may be present
Aged versions show smoothness
Aroma

Very dark reddish-brown to jet black
Opaque
Deep tan to dark brown well-formed head
May have “legs”
Appearance

Rich, deep, complex roasted malt and dark fruit
Coffee, dark chocolate, slightly burnt tones, plums, prunes, raisins
Sometimes barley wine or caramel notes
Medium-low to high hop flavour
Medium to very high bitterness
Dry to medium sweet finish usually with lingering roastiness/bitterness
Aged versions show smoothness
Flavours

Full to very full & chewy
Smooth alcohol warmth
Low to medium carbonation
Body

Cheesecake
Desserts
Bold meat dishes
Food pairings
Examples:
Bitburger Light, Sam Adams Light,
Heineken Premium Light, Miller Lite, Bud Light, Coors Light, Baltika #1 Light,
Old Milwaukee Light, Amstel Light
Examples:
Full Sail Session Premium Lager, Miller Genuine Draft,
Corona Extra, Michelob, Coors Extra Gold,
Birra Moretti, Heineken, Beck's, Stella Artois,
Red Stripe, Singha
Examples
Sierra Nevada Pale Ale, Stone Pale Ale,
Bear Republic XP Pale Ale, Anderson Valley Poleeko Gold Pale Ale,
Deschutes Mirror Pond, Full Sail Pale Ale,
Three Floyds X-Tra Pale Ale,
Firestone Pale Ale,
Granville Island Pale Ale
Examples:
AleSmith IPA, Russian River Blind Pig IPA,
Stone IPA, Bear Republic Racer 5 IPA,
Victory Hop Devil,
Sierra Nevada Celebration Ale,
Anderson Valley Hop Ottin’,
Dogfish Head 60 Minute IPA,
Anchor Liberty Ale IPA
Examples
Russian River Pliny the Elder, Avery Maharaja,
Stone Ruination IPA, Great Divide Hercules Double IPA, Surly Furious, Rogue I2PA,
Moylan’s Hopsickle Imperial India Pale Ale,
Dogfish Head 90-minute IPA
Examples:
Anchor Steam, Southampton Steem Beer,
Flying Dog Old Scratch Amber Lager,
33 Acres of Life
Examples:
North Coast Red Seal Ale, Tröegs HopBack Amber Ale, Deschutes Cinder Cone Red, Pyramid Broken Rake, St.Rogue Red Ale, Anderson Valley Boont Amber Ale,
Lagunitas Censored Ale,
Avery Redpoint Ale
Examples:
Bell’s Best Brown, Smuttynose Old Brown Dog Ale, Big Sky Moose Drool Brown Ale,
North Coast Acme Brown,
Brooklyn Brown Ale,
Lost Coast Downtown Brown
Examples:
Samuel Smith Oatmeal Stout, Young's Oatmeal Stout,
McAuslan Oatmeal Stout,
Anderson Valley Barney Flats
Oatmeal Stout, Tröegs Oatmeal Stout,
New Holland The Poet,
Goose Island Oatmeal Stout
Examples:
Three Floyd’s Dark Lord, Bell’s Expedition Stout,
North Coast Old Rasputin Imperial Stout, Stone Imperial Stout, Samuel Smith Imperial Stout,
Scotch Irish Tsarina Katarina Imperial Stout,
Deschutes The Abyss, Great Divide Yeti,
Southampton Russian Imperial Stout, Rogue Imperial Stout,
Bear Republic Big Bear Black Stout, Avery The Czar,
Brooklyn Black Chocolate Stout
Full transcript