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Transcript of Literary Elements
The car moved
up the hill because the gas tank was empty.
The student's mind was
after she took three tests in one day.
The report of the
echoed throughout the valley.
by Liam O'Flaherty
Setting: The Irish Civil War
~About a year long from 1922-23
~Took place after the Irish War of Independence from Great Britain
~Ireland wanted independence from Great Britain. A treaty was reached: 6 counties were part of Great Britain and the rest of Ireland independent.
~Irish Civil War followed.
Civilian deaths estimated at about 3,000
- Severe self-discipline, absent from indulgence.
Synonyms: self-denying, self-disciplined
The student began to
the first time he gave an oral report in front of his new class.
Narrative is a synonym for "story."
The narrator communicates with the reader
Definition: the central topic of a text
In fiction: Usually a view about life and how people behave.
Loss of Innocence
Circle of life
Coming of Age
The disappointment in the locker room was
after the big loss.
2. There is
evidence that dinosaurs once lived on earth.
3. Chemicals poured on the ground can
underground water supplies.
4. The argument brought an
end to the peaceful dinner.
5. The article read in class was
in information, so we read it slowly and summarized after each paragraph.
6. The hot asphalt caused a
on the road that looked like a large puddle of water.
7. He was an
8. The hotel had many
, such as a pool, fitness room, and free WiFi.
9. It was
of her to leave her coat at home when it was snowing outside.
10. The school does not
Introduction of Setting and Characters.
The peak of action, the turning point of the story
The beginning of the end, actions after climax
How the story ends, conclusion
The view of the
in narrative fiction.
Narration: "I" perspective
Narrator is directly involved and usually protagonist.
Narration: "you" perspective
Narrator is giving directions or instructions.
Narration: "he/she" perspective
~describes characters' thoughts and behaviors ONLY,
not inner mind
~describes inner mind of
, but thoughts and behaviors of others only.
~describes inner mind of
more than one character
. All knowing.
of the narrator
Positive: Hopeful, enthusiastic, joyful
Negative: Scornful, bitter, pessimistic
Neutral: used for informative or questioning
Created by use of
figurative language and word choice
- The protagonist is the central person in a story, and is often referred to as the story's main character. He or she (or they) is faced with a conflict that must be resolved.
- The antagonist is the character(s) (or situation) that represents the opposition against which the protagonist must contend. an obstacle that the protagonist must overcome.
- A major character, usually the protagonist, who lacks conventional nobility of mind, and who struggles for values not deemed universally admirable.
- A dynamic character is a person who changes over time, usually as a result of resolving a central conflict or facing a major crisis.
- A static character is someone who does not change over time; his or her personality does not transform or evolve.
- A rounded character is anyone who has a complex personality
- A flat character is notable for one kind of personality trait or characteristic.
(adj) very steep
(v) to comply with; assent to without protest
(v) to make resentful or bitter; to aggravate an already hostile feeling, situation
(v) to dislike intensely; loathe
(n) settlement of a dispute by concession on both or all sides; (v) to settle by making concessions
(adj) having or expressing reverence for a god or gods;
(n) an expression of sympathy with someone in grief
(v) to try to do something;
(n) an effort to do or attain something
(n) physical or mental laziness or weariness;
oppressive silence or stillness
(v) to become friendly with (someone) after
being apart; re-establish friendly relations between people
Something that can be seen or touch, but MAINLY used to describe something that can be sensed:
The tension in the room was
1. Man versus Man
2. Man versus Nature
3. Man versus Society
4. Man versus Self
By Edwin Arlington Robinson
Whenever Richard Cory went down town,
We people on the pavement looked at him:
He was a gentleman from sole to crown,
Clean favored, and imperially slim.
And he was always quietly arrayed,
And he was always human when he talked;
But still he fluttered pulses when he said,
"Good-morning," and he glittered when he walked.
And he was rich—yes, richer than a king—
And admirably schooled in every grace:
In fine, we thought that he was everything
To make us wish that we were in his place.
So on we worked, and waited for the light,
And went without the meat, and cursed the bread;
And Richard Cory, one calm summer night,
Went home and put a bullet through his head.
Unlike tone of voice, which listeners may infer from sound, readers can only infer the narrator’s tone from the words. That means that readers have to pay extra close attention.