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Literary Elements

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by

wendy knight

on 9 October 2014

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Transcript of Literary Elements

The trees of the forest were
enveloped
with fog.

The car moved
spasmodically
up the hill because the gas tank was empty.

The student's mind was
reeling
after she took three tests in one day.

The report of the
dynamite
echoed throughout the valley.





Turret:

Vocabulary
The Sniper


by Liam O'Flaherty

Setting: The Irish Civil War

~About a year long from 1922-23

~Took place after the Irish War of Independence from Great Britain

~Ireland wanted independence from Great Britain. A treaty was reached: 6 counties were part of Great Britain and the rest of Ireland independent.

~Irish Civil War followed.


Civilian deaths estimated at about 3,000





Narrative Fiction
Vocabulary

Ascetic
- Severe self-discipline, absent from indulgence.
Synonyms: self-denying, self-disciplined

The student began to
gibber
the first time he gave an oral report in front of his new class.

Silhouette:


Literary Elements
Literature
Narrative is a synonym for "story."
The narrator communicates with the reader
.
Theme
Definition: the central topic of a text

In fiction: Usually a view about life and how people behave.

Examples:
Good
versus
Evil

Love
Loss of Innocence

Circle of life

Coming of Age



Vocabulary
1.
The disappointment in the locker room was
palpable

after the big loss.

2. There is
tangible
evidence that dinosaurs once lived on earth.

3. Chemicals poured on the ground can
taint

underground water supplies.

4. The argument brought an
abrupt

end to the peaceful dinner.

5. The article read in class was
dense
in information, so we read it slowly and summarized after each paragraph.
6. The hot asphalt caused a
mirage
on the road that looked like a large puddle of water.
7. He was an
affable
and agreeable
store clerk.

8. The hotel had many
amenities
, such as a pool, fitness room, and free WiFi.

9. It was
imprudent
of her to leave her coat at home when it was snowing outside.

10. The school does not
condone
bullying.
Plot
Exposition:
Introduction of Setting and Characters.
Rising Action:
(Conflict)

Climax:
The peak of action, the turning point of the story
Falling Action:
The beginning of the end, actions after climax
Resolution:
How the story ends, conclusion
Freewrite:

Theme

Facing Monsters
Setting
Time
and
Place

Point-of-View
The view of the
NARRATOR
in narrative fiction.


First-Person
Narration: "I" perspective
Narrator is directly involved and usually protagonist.

Second-Person
Narration: "you" perspective
Narrator is giving directions or instructions.

Third-Person
Narration: "he/she" perspective
Objective
~describes characters' thoughts and behaviors ONLY,
not inner mind
.
Limited
~describes inner mind of
main character
, but thoughts and behaviors of others only.
Omniscient
~describes inner mind of
more than one character
. All knowing.



Tone
The
attitude
of the narrator
Positive: Hopeful, enthusiastic, joyful
Negative: Scornful, bitter, pessimistic
Neutral: used for informative or questioning

Created by use of
figurative language and word choice
characterization
point-of-view
Character
Protagonist
- The protagonist is the central person in a story, and is often referred to as the story's main character. He or she (or they) is faced with a conflict that must be resolved.
Antagonist
- The antagonist is the character(s) (or situation) that represents the opposition against which the protagonist must contend. an obstacle that the protagonist must overcome.
Anti-Hero
- A major character, usually the protagonist, who lacks conventional nobility of mind, and who struggles for values not deemed universally admirable.
Dynamic
- A dynamic character is a person who changes over time, usually as a result of resolving a central conflict or facing a major crisis.
Static
- A static character is someone who does not change over time; his or her personality does not transform or evolve.
Round
- A rounded character is anyone who has a complex personality
Flat
- A flat character is notable for one kind of personality trait or characteristic.
Vocabulary
precipitous
(adj) very steep

acquiesce
(v) to comply with; assent to without protest

embitter
(v) to make resentful or bitter; to aggravate an already hostile feeling, situation

detest
(v) to dislike intensely; loathe

compromise
(n) settlement of a dispute by concession on both or all sides; (v) to settle by making concessions



pious
(adj) having or expressing reverence for a god or gods;
religious; devout

condolence
(n) an expression of sympathy with someone in grief


endeavor
(v) to try to do something;
(n) an effort to do or attain something


languor
(n) physical or mental laziness or weariness;
oppressive silence or stillness


reconciliation
(v) to become friendly with (someone) after
being apart; re-establish friendly relations between people



palpable
Something that can be seen or touch, but MAINLY used to describe something that can be sensed:

Example:
The tension in the room was
palpable
.
Conflict
1. Man versus Man
2. Man versus Nature
3. Man versus Society

4. Man versus Self
External
Interna
l

Richard Cory
By Edwin Arlington Robinson

Whenever Richard Cory went down town,
We people on the pavement looked at him:
He was a gentleman from sole to crown,
Clean favored, and imperially slim.

And he was always quietly arrayed,
And he was always human when he talked;
But still he fluttered pulses when he said,
"Good-morning," and he glittered when he walked.

And he was rich—yes, richer than a king—
And admirably schooled in every grace:
In fine, we thought that he was everything
To make us wish that we were in his place.

So on we worked, and waited for the light,
And went without the meat, and cursed the bread;
And Richard Cory, one calm summer night,
Went home and put a bullet through his head.

Unlike tone of voice, which listeners may infer from sound, readers can only infer the narrator’s tone from the words. That means that readers have to pay extra close attention.
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