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Investigating beneficiaries

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by

pavla holcova

on 5 September 2017

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Transcript of Investigating beneficiaries

Investigating beneficiaries
Core question of investigative reporting: For whose benefit?
Beneficiaries = those,
who benefit
in most cases those are difficult to find
in most cases those are difficult to prove
circumstantial evidence is not enough
Challenges:
proxies
bearer shares
trust funds
Bearer shares:
Whoever physically holds a certificate of shares is considered the owner of the shares. Bearer shares provide one of the deepest levels of secrecy. Many countries have banned bearer shares because they are considered a facilitator of tax evasion and money laundering.
in Czech Republic till 2014
anonymity level Nauru and Marshall Islands
Nominee shareholder:
A person who is listed as a shareholder on a company’s documents but has no real power over the company or claim to its assets. This is common practice in offshore financial structures to hide the identity of the real owner.
Sergei Magnitski case
Full transcript