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Religion Project

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alex p

on 23 January 2013

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Transcript of Religion Project

Origin of Buddhism:
Started in Northeastern India/ Southwestern Nepal.
It started because Siddhartha saw sufferings in the world and wanted to find a "cure" or solution for it.
Siddhartha Gautama was credited with starting it. World Wide Distribution of Buddhism
This religion is found almost anywhere in the world, specifically in Asia. Buddhism Sources

http://www.patheos.com/Library/Buddhism.html

http://www.koyasan.or.jp/english/shingonshu/buddhism.html

http://www.berzinarchives.com/web/en/archives/study/history_buddhism/general_histories/spread_buddhism_asia.html

http://buddhism.about.com/od/introductiontobuddhism/a/budbeliefs.htm

http://www.buddhist-tourism.com/four-holy-sites.html

http://www.bbc.co.uk/religion/religions/buddhism/customs/worship_1.shtml

http://uwacadweb.uwyo.edu/religionet/er/buddhism/btexts.htm

http://students.cis.uab.edu/joydsmit/Buddhist.html

http://www.religionfacts.com/buddhism/symbols/mudras.htm

http://www.buddhist-tourism.com/buddhism-information/buddhist-architecture.html

http://www.diffen.com/difference/Buddhism_vs_Taoism Diffusion Of Buddhism
Buddhism was diffused by relocation diffusion, hierarchical diffusion, and contagious diffusion.
Buddhism diffused from India to Sri Lanka and then to southwest China, Thailand, Laos, Cambodia, South Vietnam and Indonesia. Buddhism in China later spread to Korea and Japan. Religion Project Basic Beliefs
Buddhists don't believe in the existence of a "God" or "Gods" but in karma as if it is directed to the motives of any action. Monks also advise followers to have a kind, peaceful, and honest relationship with others. If I as following this religion, I would believe in the Four Noble Truths and the Eightfold path.
Buddhism is neither monotheistic or polytheistic.
Buddhism is a universalizing religion because it has spread all around the world and does not belong to a specific ethnic group. Holy Places
The places that are considered "holy" in Buddhism are Lumbini, which was where the Buddha was born, Bodhgaya, where he attained enlightenment and became Buddha, Sarnath, where he delivered his First sermon, and lastly, Kushinara, where the Buddha died. Buddhists can worship at home where they'll set aside a place as a shrine. Shrine would consists of a Buddha statue, candles, and an incense burner. They can also go to temples. Judaism started when God told a man named Abraham to leave his homeland to a new place, later named Israel.
It started in modern day Israel, and Abraham is considered the one to have truly started it, as the "prophet". Judaism Judaism hasn't diffused much at all. Over one third of the world's Jewish people live in Israel. Another large number live in the US, although most religions have high numbers in the US. Other countries that have a small amount compared to those are France, Canada, and the UK.
The religion diffused mostly through WWII, when the Nazis were trying to exterminate them. They fled to America, which explains the high numbers. Diffusion Important Writings/Texts
The Tripitaka is the earliest collection of Buddhist writings. The Sutra is the reversed of Tripitaka by Mahayan Buddhists to holy text. It comes in many sizes, some can be book sized but some can be only a few lines. Basically the Jews believe that God is one and unique, and eternal. God knows the thoughts and deeds of man, and punishes the bad and rewards the good. Jews also believe Moses' prophecies will come true, and that he was the first of the great prophets.
Jews are monotheistic, and ethnic. Beliefs Israel, the homeland of the Jewish, is considered the holiest city of Judaism.
They worship in a "synagogue", which is basically a church for the Jewish. Holy places and worship Symbols A Conch Shell
A Lotus
A Wheel
A Parasol (Umbrella)
An Endless Knot
A Pair of Golden Fishes
A Banner Proclaiming Victory
A Treasure Vase There are eight auspicious symbols of Buddhism Judaism Sources http://www.jewfaq.org/index.htm

http://thehistorygoy.hubpages.com/hub/Start-of-Islam The sole important text in Judaism is the Torah, which is the five books of Moses. Holy texts Symbols Colors
Red - sacred, life force, preservation
Blue - infinity, purity, healing
Black - darkness
White - longevity, learning , knowledge
Green - balance, harmony, youth
Yellow - rootedness, earth One of the more widely known symbols is the Star of David, which represents King David's shield. Other important symbols include the Menorah and the Yarmulke. Rituals/Customs/Events Meditation can be done in temple or home
Observe festival days where they spend their time abstaining from all evil and help others relieve themselves of suffering.
Make offering or incense
Use mudras which are symbolic gestures. Architecture Buildings that are present in the landscape are
temples

monasteries

pagodas

stupas Daoism

founded by Lao Tzu
follows deities (Jade Emperor, The Three Pure Ones)
originiated in China
goal is to gain balance in life Islam Buddhism Origin of Islam Islam Sources http://www.religionfacts.com/islam/fastfacts.htm

http://www.bible.ca/islam/islam-history.htm

http://islam.blurtit.com/q796465.html

http://www.islamicbulletin.com/newsletters/issue_24/beliefs.aspx

http://wordnetweb.princeton.edu/perl/webwn?s=quran

http://www.sacred-texts.com/isl/index.htm

http://www.religionfacts.com/islam/symbols.htm

http://english.islammessage.com/articledetails.aspx?articleId=654

http://www.usccb.org/beliefs-and-teachings/ecumenical-and-interreligious/interreligious/islam/introduction-the-islamic-tradition.cfm Rituals & customs Islam originated in Mecca at 622 CE. It started because of a man named Mohammed who claimed to have met the angel of Gabriel. Mohammed is credited with starting Islam. World Wide Distribution Passover commemorates the exodus from Egypt. It is a week long, and they don't eat bread. Hanukkah is another holiday, and much more well known. Islam is found all over the world mostly in the Middle East, North Africa, South East Asia, Albania, Russia, Bosnia, France and Indonesia. Architecture Diffusion of Islam http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Judaism Hinduism Islam diffused by relocation diffusing. Muhammad's successors organized followers into armies that extended Muslim control. It diffused from the Middle East to places like Africa and Asia. Origin Hinduism has no definite starting point. It's origin still the topic of many debates today. It is believed to have started in the Indus Valley civilization. Basic Beliefs If I was following this religion, I would believe in Allah, the Prophet Muhammad, and the Qur'an. I would also follow the Five Pillars of Islam . Islam is a monotheistic religion and a universalizing religion. World distribution Most Hindus will be found in India. Diffusion Hinduism is believed to have started in present day Pakistan, then relocated to India. It hasn't particularly moved from there, aside from the northern area of Southern America. Beliefs Most Hindus believe in a Supreme God, who is represented by a multitude of smaller forms.
Hindus believe that existence is a cycle of birth, death, and rebirth, governed by Karma.
Hindus believe that they are reborn, and that their next life depends on the actions of their last. Traditions & events Diwali, the Hindu festival of lights, is
the most popular of all the festivals from South Asia. It is also an occasion for celebration by Jains and Sikhs. It lasts five days and celebrates the victory of good over evil, light over dark. Holy Places Holy places of Islam are Mecca, Medina, Jerusalem, Karbala, and Najaf. They worship in places like the mosque. Important Writing/Text Some important writings are the:
Qur'an which are sacred writings revealed by God to prophet Muhammad.
Hadith which are collections of Islam traditions and laws Symbols Star and crescent symbol is the most well known symbol of Islam. Certain words in Arabic are also well known symbols such as the word "Allah". In Muslim warfare, there are different colors that represent different battles and dynasties.The Ummayads fought under white, the Abbasids chose black, the Fatimids used green, and countries on the Persian Gulf chose red flags. The color green is also used to represent Islam among other world religions. It is often found in mosques and is on the flag of Saudi Arabia. Rituals/Customs/Events Some Islamic traditions include:
Saying God's name before eating or drinking
using the right hand for eating and drinking
praying five times a day facing Mecca
fasting throughout the month of Ramadan every year
don't eat pork
don't drink blood meaning meat must be drained completely of blood before you eat
follow the five pillars of Islam
pray when a child is born Architecture Characteristics of Islam architecture include domes, minarets, and a courtyard. Mosques can also have the star and crescent symbol. Sikhism Origin Of Sikhism Sikhism Sources http://sikhism.about.com/od/sikhism101/qt/Sikhism_Start.htm

http://www.bbc.co.uk/religion/religions/sikhism/history/history_1.shtml

http://www.religionfacts.com/sikhism/fastfacts.htm

http://www.sikhismguide.org/fiveks.aspx

http://www.sikhs.org/transl.htm

http://www.indif.com/nri/sikhism/sikh_symbols.asp

http://www.sgpc.net/sikhism/anand-sanskar.html

http://sikhism.about.com/od/customs/a/Sikh_Names.htm

http://www.tribuneindia.com/1999/99feb20/saturday/head1.htm Sikhism began in a part of Punjab which is in modern day Pakistan. It started when Guru Nanak Dev began to question rituals that happened around him. He started meditating by himself and began teaching a faith different from Hinduism and Islam. Guru Nanak Dev is credited with starting it. World Wide Distribution Sikhism is found in mostly India with 19 million primarily in the Punjab state. Sikhs can also be found in United Kingdom, Canada, United States, Malaysia, and Singapore. Diffusion of the Sikhism Sikhism diffused because when Guru Nanak Dev took journeys and taught people about his religion. It diffused to places such as United Kingdom, Canada, the United States, Singapore, and Malaysia. Basic Beliefs If I was a Sikh, I would pray regularly with rosary beads. I would aim for a life that balances work, worship, and charity. I would only believe in one God which makes this religion monotheistic. I would avoid the five vices that would build a barrier against God. These five vices are lust, greed, anger, pride, and attachment to things of this world. Sikhism in a universalizing religion. Holy Places Places that are considered holy are Nankana Pakistan, hometown of Guru Nanak, Goindwal Baoli, Harmandir Sahib, and Patna. Sikhs worship at gurdwara or shrines. Important Writings/Texts of Sikhism Important writings include the Japji hymn, Ardas, Tav-Prasad Savaiye, Lawan, Zafarnama, Kirtan Sohila, Anand, Kabitas, Vachitra Natak, Sidhha Goshth, and Babur Bani. Symbols Symbols of Sikhism include the five K's which are kesh, kirpan, kara, kangha, and kachhera. They are five items of dress and physical appearance. The three most important symbols are the
Khanda






Ik Onkar





Nishan Sahib Rituals/Customs/Events Some traditions include
Its tradition to follow the five K's which can be translated to uncut hair, comb, iron or steel bracelet, cotton underwear, and a ceremonial sword.
reject the caste system
don't follow rituals like pilgrimages and fasting
at the time of marriage, in laws may select a new name for the bride. Also, the groom may add suffix of Singh while the wife adds the suffix of Kaur to the shared name. Architecture Many Sikh temples or Gurdwaras have entrances on all four sides representing that it is open and there is no discrimination on who enters. Sikh temples have a deorhi which is an entrance gateway. There are four basic types of Sikh shrines, square, rectangular, octagonal, and the cruciform. The elevations may be one, two, three, five, or nine stories high. Judaism Indigenous Religions Aboriginal Dreamtime doesn't have a founder. It started around 40,000 years ago. Aboriginals believe Earth used to be featureless but mystical beings rose from the Earth and made the features such as mountains and rivers. This religion is found in Australia and it has not diffused. It is neither monotheistic or polytheistic and it is an ethnic religion. Aboriginals don't worship in a church, they view the land and nature as sacred because the mythical creatures have created them. Aboriginals do not have any sacred texts. They communicate by talking. They do however have symbols used in their art. Aboriginals have ceremonies when boys and girls enter adulthood. They dance, tell stories, and display body decoration. They also have funeral ceremonies and they often paint themselves white. http://www.janesoceania.com/australia_aboriginal_dreamtime/index1.htm

http://aboriginalart.com.au/culture/dreamtime2.html

http://www.aboriginal-dreamtime.net2go.info/Aboriginal/Aboriginal_Symbole.htm

http://www.aboriginalculture.com.au/religion.shtml

http://studiofictus.com/thoughts/animism-the-worlds-oldest-religion Indigenous Religion Sources Animism Animism has no founder. Some places animism is practiced is in Africa, Malaysia, and America (Native Americans). People in this religion believe that natural objects have souls. Animism is neither monotheistic or polytheistic. It is an ethnic religion. They don't have sacred writings. Shintoism Shintoism has no founder. People in this religion believe there are presence of gods in plants and other natural things. Architecture Symbols The more common symbols inclue the Aum, Lotus, an the Swastika. Texts & writings The most important Hindu texts come from the Vedas, which are ancient writings that give unique takes on everyday life. Sources http://www.religionfacts.com/hinduism/symbols.htm http://www.sacred-texts.com/hin/index.htm Synagogues are unique Jewish churches, an one of the most important architectures to the Jewish. Christianity Origin Christianity started in Nazareth, when Jesus was born. Diffusion Christianity spread through the colonizing of America, mostly. It's a universalizing religion, so it's spreads everyday. Beliefs If you were a Christian, you would believe that there was only one God, an that he was all-knowing an eternal. You' be monotheistic in this universalizing religion. Holy Places Like other religions, Jerusalem is one of the holiest places for Christians. Important writings The bible is widely known a one of the most sacred writings to Christians. It includes many tales, along with God's past deeds. Symbols The universal golden cross is one of the best-known Christian symbols. Events & traditions Christmas, Easter, and Valentine's day are among the holidays we celebrate here in America that are Christian related. Architecture Most Christian churches generally have the same concept: high ceilings, pillars, and a lot of space.
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