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Transcript of Urban Pattern
Sub-Saharan African Model
Concentric Zone Model
E.W. Burgess, a sociologist, created this model in 1923
Multiple Nuclei Model
Harris and Ullman are both geographers who created this model in 1945
Comparisons of Models
Concentric Zone Model & Sector Model
Homer Hoyt, who is a land economist, created this model in 1939
- the poorer people live closer to the CBD making it easy to commute
- the wealthier people live farther away fro the CBD because they can afford to pay to commute every day
- does not take into account physical barriers or gentrification
- model assumes that transportation and land is the same everywhere
- it is based on central railroad transportation and not cares that are used in present day
- not very relevant to present day transportation
- solved the problems with the model that Burgess created (growth alone created a pie-shaped urban structure)
- provides a framework for understanding the distribution of social and economic groups
- it does not completely explain why different types of people live in a specific area
The concentric zone model compares to the sector model because they both have the central business district in the core.
Multiple Nuclei Model & Concentric Zone Model
The concentric zone model compares to the multiple nuclei model because the zones with the better residence are on the outskirts of the models.
Sector Model & Multiple Nuclei Model
The sector model compares to the multiple nuclei model because there are larger portions of middle-class residential zones than any other class residential zones.
T.G. McGee created this model in 1967.
Southeastern Asian Cities
This model was created by Larry R. Ford in 1996
Latin America Model
- easy geometric pattern
- markets are closer to residential areas, less commuting
- with the poor on the outskirts of the zone they can easily become involved in gangs and crime
- it is diverse due to the commercial zone
- the market is far from the port
- market zones are close to the neighborhoods
- squatter zones have started
Concentric Zone Model & Latin American Model
Concentric Zone Model & Sub-Saharan African Model
Concentric Zone Model & Southeastern Asian Cities Model
Southeastern Asian Cities Model & Sector Model
Southeastern Asian Cities Model & Multiple Nuclei Model
Sector Model & Sub-Saharan African Model
Sector Model & Latin American Model
Latin American Model & Multiple Nuclei Model
Multiple Nuclei Model & Sub-Saharan African Model
The concentric model compares to the Latin American model because the better residence living is outside of the zone.
The concentric zone model & Sub-Saharan African model compare because the CBD is in the center of both of them.
The sector model and the Latin American model compare because of the industrial being a small section but stretching from the core all of the way out to the outskirts.
The Latin American model and Multiple Nuclei Model compare because of the large area of low class residential zone surrounding the center.
The Southeastern Asian model and Multiple Nuclei Model compare because of the residential areas spread throughout the zone.
The Southeastern Asian Model and the Sector Model because the middle class residential zone is bigger than the other zones.
The Southeastern Asian Model and the concentric zone model compare because the commercial areas are in the center.
The multiple nuclei model and the sub-saharan african model compare because of the market zone is in the center.
The Sector Model and the Sub-Saharan African Model compare because of the size of the residences.
Latin American Model & Sub-Saharan African Model
These two models compare because the market area is in the center.
Sub-Saharan African Model & Southeastern Asia Model
These two models compare because of the market gardening zones and the mining and manufacturing zone being their important parts of the economy on the outside
Latin American Model & Southeastern Asian Model
These two models compare because the industrial zone is on the outside of the model.
The concentric zone model based off of Chicago but it does not fit well with the modern day Chicago anymore.
This relates to Chicago because of the CBD, it also has the districts of people and where they live, this relates because of the commuters.
Chicago can relate to this model because of the port. Chicago may have ports through the Great Lakes to transfer with other states and Canada.
Chicago can relate to this model because of the different ethnicity neighborhoods, because Chicago is a bigger city it will have a diverse population.
Chicago relates to this model because of the CBD and the housing and residences that are located in the model.