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Marco Polo- Renaissance Discovery Project

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Ali W-B

on 7 November 2012

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Transcript of Marco Polo- Renaissance Discovery Project

By Ali & Aidan 8F MARCO POLO photo credit Nasa / Goddard Space Flight Center / Reto Stöckli Marco Polo was a Venetian merchant traveler whose travels are recorded in Il Milione, a book which did much to introduce Europeans to Central Asia and China. He grew up in Venice, Italy on the 15th of September, 1254. He died on January 9, also in Venice, Italy. He learned about trading whilst his father and uncle, Niccolò and Maffeo, travelled through Asia and apparently met Kublai Khan. In 1269, they returned to Venice to meet Marco for the first time. The three of them embarked on an epic journey to Asia, returning after 24 years to find Venice at war with Genoa; Marco was imprisoned, and dictated his stories to a cellmate. He was released in 1299, became a wealthy merchant, married and had three children. Who is Marco Polo? What were his main achievements? Marco Polo traveled to China with his father and uncle over the Silk Road which was an overland route to China. He worked for Kublai Khan, the Mongol Emperor, for seventeen years. He sailed home instead of going overland. He brought back ivory, jade, jewels, porcelain and silk. He told about the Chinese use of coal, money and compasses. He met Rustichello, a famous writer, who wrote about Marco Polo's travels in a book called THE BOOK OF TRAVELS. Marco Polo became famous for his travels through Central Asia and China. His book gave Europeans some of their earliest information about China. His Uncle; Maffeo His Father; Niccolò Marco Polo (1254-1324), is probably the most famous Westerner traveled on the Silk Road. He excelled all the other travelers in his determination, his writing, and his influence. His journey through Asia lasted 24 years. He reached further than any of his predecessors, beyond Mongolia to China. He traveled the whole of China and returned to tell the tale, which became the greatest travelogue. Marco Polo’s journey with his father and uncle in China, bearing a message to the great Kublai Khan from the Head of the Catholic Church, Father Gregory X, began in 1271. Their route passed through modern Akka (Israel) to the Persian Gulf, then to the north through Iran to Amu Darya, and on to Oksus (Aral sea) through the Pamir mountains to modern Sinkian and then finally through the Gobi Desert to Shangtu. Marco and The Silk Road Many people thought Polo's explorations would yield nothing, and just be a wild goose chase. Therefore, the game where you blindly stumble along (sailed) in an area of water (the oceans he sailed), looking for things (people, in the game) to get you out of trouble (being Marco) would naturally be named after him; because at the end of the game, you find someone to get you out of being Marco, and Marco Polo found the Orient people to get him out of the debt he would have been in if he wouldn't have brought home riches and valuable knowledge. Why was the game "Marco Polo" named after him? Timeline 1254: Marco Polo is born in Venice, Italy
1260: Nicolo and Maffeo Polo (his father and uncle) left Venice, traveled Black Sea to China
1269: Marco's father and uncle arrive back in Venice
1271: Marco's father and uncle set off with 17 year old Marco to China
1275: They reach China and spend 17 years in Kublai Kahn's realm
1292: Marco leaves China to return home
1294: Kublai Kahn dies
1295: Marco arrived back in Venice
1298: Battle of Curzola between Venice and Genoa
1298: Marco captured by Genoese
1298: While imprisoned, he wrote Il Milione (English translation known as The Travels of Marco Polo)
1299: Marco is released from imprisonment
1300: Marco married Donata Badoer
1310 to 1320: He wrote new version of Il Milione
1324: Marco died at about 70 years old and buried in Church of San Lorenzo Marco Polo How did they travel? They traveled by camel, ship and foot.
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