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IB English Final Project

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Aaron Depass

on 21 April 2016

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Transcript of IB English Final Project

1984
Winston
The Great Gatsby
Jay Gatsby
Using at least two works you have studied, show how and to what extent authors have created interesting characters whose thoughts remain hidden
Key Words
Using at least
two
works you have studied, show
how
and
to what extent
authors have created interesting
characters
whose
thoughts
remain
hidden
Prompt Breakdown
Question Form
What? - Two books we have studied

Who? - Characters and Authors

Why? - Show how and to what extent authors have created interesting characters whose thoughts remain hidden

Why Does it Matter? - Up to you
- Creates a certain mood, theme, tone, etc.
- Helps develop a character
- To illicit a certain response from the reader
- To change the perspective of the reader

Ministry of Love
Thesis
In the novels 1984 and The Great Gatsby both Orwell and Fitzgerald create complex characters with insightful hidden thoughts and motives that serve to develop characterization, shift the tone of the novel and character's actions, as well as intensify the conflict between characters.
Characterization
Throughout 1984 Orwell uses hidden thoughts to help with the characterization of complex characters throughout the novel. Two examples of how Orwell uses hidden thoughts and motives are with Winston and O'Brien.

Winston has rebellious thoughts of bringing down the party and ending the oppression they impose on the citizens of Oceania. O'Brien is a "member" of the Brotherhood who is secretly an agent for the Ministry of Love
He is almost entirely characterized by motives hidden to both Winston and the reader.

Examples:
Winston is almost immediately characterized as secretive and rebellious when he illegally purchases a diary and writes "Down with Big Brother" repeatedly.

Characterization Quotes
"Until they become conscious they will never rebel, and until after they have rebelled they cannot become conscious."

(This quote helps to characterize Winston as his understanding of the party and their oppression develops. He becomes aware of their domination and control over everyone even the proles not just through direct action but simply creating a society of "unconscious" people.)
Tone Quotes
"It was as though some
huge force
were
pressing
down upon you – something that
penetrated
inside your
skull
,
battering
against your brain,
frightening
you out of your beliefs, persuading you, almost, to
deny
the evidence of your senses. In the end the Party would announce that two and two made five, and you would have to believe it. It was inevitable that they should make that claim sooner or later: the logic of their position
demanded
it."

(Thoughts and hidden motives that demonstrate Winston's internal conflict about the party and his hopeless position of rebellion.)
"His pen had slid voluptuously over the smooth paper, printing in large neat capitals- DOWN WITH BIG BROTHER, DOWN WITH BIG BROTHER, DOWN WITH BIG BROTHER, DOWN WITH BIG BROTHER, DOWN WITH BIG BROTHER -over and over again, filling half a page."

(This quote demonstrates Winston's initial enthusiasm for rebellion against the party and develops hos character by demonstrating to the reader that he is interested in the destruction of the party.)
Approaches
By concept/point:
Technique / Literary Device Used
Author's Purpose / Goal Achieved
Supportive Example (General + Specific)
All Four Novels
Things Fall Apart (Okonkwo) - His hidden thoughts about his fear of white colonization of his culture and land
Their Eyes Were Watching God (Janie) - Her hidden thought of Tea Cake and his desire to marry for the money
1984 (Winston) - His hidden thoughts about his childhood, mother, Julia, and The Party
Hide his fear from his society
Help the reader see through Janie's point of view
Great Gatsby (Jay Gatsby) - His long hidden obsession for Daisy and what Daisy represents
How do hidden thoughts develop characterization AND create a more personal connection between the reader and the character?
Dreams of his childhood and mom
Understand his background better, better understand why Winston is so hurt and paralyzed by his society, better understand as to why he is so passionate for a change in his society
Hidden Thought
Purpose
Fantasies about dark haired girl + His fear of rats
Understand his flaws and the ugliness in his personality, reminds the reader of the improbability of Winston revolting and defies the characterization of a typical hero
Thoughts when attending 2 minutes hate, talking to O'Brien, and reading the political manifesto
Know about his interests and passions
How does hidden thoughts develop characterization AND create a more personal connection between the reader and the character?
His fascination of being rich at a young age
Understand his background better and why he adores the rich and the idea of Daisy
Hidden Thought
Purpose
His secret (initially) love for Daisy
Let's the reader understand Gatsby's motivation of riches before he himself was rich, helps the reader understand Gatsby character and degree of obsession with material wealth
His initial meeting with Jordan
Learn about Gatsby want and desire to feel Godly, mysterious, and extraordinary to the average man
His past illegal work working for Wolfshine
Shows Gatsby obsession with material wealth and the lengths in which he is willing to go, comment on the illusion that is the "American Dream"
How do hidden thoughts change the tone of the story AND help the reader empathize with the character?
Dreams of his childhood and mom
Understand his background better, better understand why Winston is so hurt and paralyzed by his society, better understand as to why he is so passionate for a change in his society
Hidden Thought
Purpose
His hidden rebellious thoughts when he is writing in his diary
Allows the reader to the see the extremities of The Party and empathize with Winston
His relationship with his wife and ideas about love
Because love is basically forbidden and because of Winston's past relationships you can see why he loves Julia so much
How do hidden thoughts change the tone of the story AND help the reader empathize with the character?
His initial meeting with Daisy at Nick's house and Gatsby's nervous thoughts
Before hand he meets Daisy he is very nervous but after the encounter they are very comfortable with each other, helps the reader understand Gatsby's love for Daisy and allows the reader to empathize
Hidden Thought
Purpose
Tom's hidden thoughts about his hatred of Gatsby comes out in the hotel room and creates a tone shift
Instead of helping us empathize with Gatsby this helps the reader empathize with Daisy because she's being forced to profess her love to only one person
Daisy's hidden thoughts on Tom's affair
Helps the reader empathize with Daisy because she's so innocent, however her thoughts on the affair bring about a tone shift, At first we feel sorry for Daisy but then justify her affair with Gatsby because of these hidden thoughts
Characterization Quotes
"I thought you inherited your money."

"I did, old sport," he said automatically, "but I lost most of it in the big panic – the panic of the war."

I think he hardly knew what he was saying, for when I asked him what business he was in he answered, "That's my affair," before he realized that it wasn't the appropriate reply.

"Oh, I've been in several things," he corrected himself. "I was in the drug business and then I was in the oil business. But I'm not in either one now."
Tone Quotes
"I suppose he'd had the name ready for a long time, even then. His parents were shiftless and unsuccessful farm people—his imagination had never really accepted them as his parents at all. The truth was that Jay Gatsby of West Egg, Long Island, sprang from his Platonic conception of himself. He was a son of God – a phrase which, if it means anything, means just that – and he must be about His Father's business, the service of a vast, vulgar, and meretricious beauty. So he invented just the sort of Jay Gatsby that a seventeen-year-old boy would be likely to invent, and to this conception he was faithful to the end."
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