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Transcript of ARGENTINA
In the world map
What we are "known" for
The king of the milanesa
Facts about our country
Buenos Aires city (with surroundings): 13.000.000
Cordoba (next largest city with surroundings): 1.500.000
La Plata (my city, with surroundings): 780.000
8th largest country in the world
Languaje: castellano (spanish basically)
Part of the United Nations, MERCOSUR, Unesco, G-20, etc.
We are an emerging (still undeveloped) country
Southernmost city in the world: Ushuaia
Currency: Argentine peso ($) 12AR$=1USD
Organised in 23 provinces and the capital city
Highest peak after Himalayas
3.800 km extension (north to south)
Before the spanish conquer
The Incas had most of the argentine northeastern territory in s. XV
The hands cave (7300 a.C) in the south is the earliest south american art
It took place between s.XVI and s.XIX, from its first exploration to the first local government, and it only includes the northern half of the country. In 1776 these lands were unified as the "virreinato del Rio de La Plata", governed by a viceroy sent from Spain and with a special interest in the area for its silver deposits. The economy worked by exporting meat, wine, fruit, honey, mules to Spain via the virreinato of Lima, Peru (the most important at that time).
90% of the indigenous were removed.
Buenos Aires had its own customs and
exported mainly meat, wool, leather, etc. But
only to Spain. In 1810, the "may revolution" took
place, removing the viceroy and putting in his place
a group of locals (today regarded as patriots). After
a war with anti-revolutionaries, the independence was declared in 1816, which was based on the US declaration.
Farm-products exportation period
From 1810 to 1860 a war period took place between
the "federales" and the "unitarios". The southern half of the country was conquered in the "conquer of the desert", where remaining native communities where masacred, 1878-1875. The Argentina Republic was born as we know it and was in its heyday. It reached the place of the 8th strongest economy in the world. During that time, we exported meat, wool, cereal, leather to England, Germany, France, etc, and we imported manufactured products from them; and most important buildings were built, my city was designed and founded in 1880. School was free and
compulsory, the limits with other countries were defined and
the currency was unified.
The farm products - manufactured products exchange
with Europe stopped working after the first World War
in 1930, with the NY crisis, as Europe did no longer buy from
us. That brought economical and political changes: from a
liberal state we went into a welfare state, and the country began
an industrialization process in order to substitute the imported,
manufactured products. In this period, the most beloved politic
appeared: Juan Domingo Peron (1946 - 1958). He claimed to
be as different from the communists as from the capitalists
(as it was during the Cold War) and improved the workers'
and unions' situations drastically.
Today (welfare state)
All the industrialization Argentina had reached
was tossed away when the liberal governments appeared, letting the market regulate by itself, competing with imported products (better than ours), selling to private owners the country's energy, water supply, trains, airline, etc. This caused a huge external debt, many banks and businesses went bankrupt and everything resulted in the 2001 crisis.
After the crisis, a president was elected for a year. Then came in 2003 Nestor Kirchner,
whose wife is the actual president. They have policies centered in the lower class. Many of the sold services have been returned to the government and a big part of the debt was paid. The middle class size has increased significantly. But we still have a long way to go.
Argentina was a pioneer country in establishing national parks and due to its 3000 km extension, it has a countless variety of landscapes. The first one, was established in 1903.
My typical weekday
6:55 get up
7:30 enter school
14:50 get out from school (except one day at 12:30)
Depending on the day,
english lessons (2x a week)
boxing (3x a week)
pilot lessons (1x a week)
taekwondo (1x a week)
Usually in my free time I help the taekwondo teacher, have live sound lessons, take naps, play the guitar, go out, go to the gym, etc.
9:30 on average, arrive home. Have dinner alone.
0:00 go to bed
Obviously insecurity is an everyday issue. There are burglaries, muggings, fake phone calls, etc. One has to be very careful
You can vote at 16, drive at 17, buy alcohol almost at any age
You can spend months without showing your ID when you pay with credit card
Girls can enter night clubs when they should be years older, for boys it's more difficult
During the 2001 crisis we had 5 presidents in one week
Copyright is not respected. Everyone downloads music, movies, series, etc
Cars don't stop if you want to cross a street, you wait for them to pass
Matias Balzamo, La Plata
Going out and friends
Last First Day