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Spain

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by

Jeremy Blair

on 25 March 2015

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Transcript of Spain

Arts & Crafts
Golden Age (1500-1681)
-
This era was best known for its artistic history. Literature, theater, architecture, and painting became very popular throughout this day in age. Many artists and other intellectuals were inspired on what was to come in the future for artists.
Music
Music Timeline:
Food
Climate
A predominantly warm Mediterranean climate, with dry summers and winters with balanced temperatures. Along the coast it becomes cool and partly cloudy.
Spain
Season Changes
Summer:
Very hot mostly inland; Usually 86 °F ; Average of 11-12 hours of sunshine per day; Hardly rains in the south, and it is normal to not see rain for at least 5 months
Paella
-
It consists of rice, meat or fish, saffron, paprika,and other spices. It is mostly served during the springtime festivals in Spain.
Terrain
The terrain of Spain is a large, flat plateau surrounded by rugged hills.
Natural Resources
Natural resources of Spain include:
Population
Spain's population consists of 47.27 million people.
Exports
Spain’s exports:


Ethnic Groups
Religions
Languages
Notable People
Customs & Traditions
Customs of Spain are:
Tapas
Flamenco
Bullfighting
Soccer
Catalans:

They are from North Eastern Spain, but they speak their own language.
The religion in Spain is overwhelmingly Roman Catholic.
Languages that are spoken in Spain are mostly

Castilian Spanish
,

Catalan (Spoken by Catalonians)
, and

Galician
.

Notable people that are the most recognized in Spain are...
Jeremy Blair, Eric Behan, Nariel Tribble
Mrs. Gomez
5th Block

Basic Information
Geographic Location:
40 00 N, 4 00 W.
Geography
Map of Spain
Flag of Spain
Red scroll around the columns has a motto meaning "Further Beyond" referring to Spanish lands beyond Europe.
Castile, Leon, Navarre, Aragon
Gibraltar
Ceuta
Granada
Plus Ultra
Three horizontal bands Represent the oldest kingdoms (Order: red, yellow, red)
National Coat of Arms represent emblems of the traditional kingdoms of Spain
Columns representing the Pillars of Hercules
Country's Name:

Spain (España)
Capital:

Madrid
Motto:

"Plus Ultra" or "Más Allá" meaning "The Great Beyond" or "Further Beyond"
Current President:

Mariano Rajoy(Prime Minister)
Type of Government:

Parliamentary Monarchy
Borders the Mediterranean Sea, North Atlantic Ocean, Bay of Biscay, and Pyrenees Mountains
Area:
Elevation Extremes:
Lowest elevation is Atlantic Ocean at 0 m.

Highest point is Pico de Teide (Tenerife) on Canary Islands at 3,718 m.
Location:
South of France, East of Portugal.
History
The kingdom was formed officially in 8, Oct, 1469 with the marriage of Isabella of Castile and Ferdinand of Aragon.
Since then the economy has grown greatly and the current king is Felipe VI and the President is Mariano Rajoy.
This ended in 1975 with the restoration of the Spanish Crown and the king, Juan Carlos I de Borbon Y Borbon and created a modern Western-Style Democracy.
In 1936 was, marked by the rise of a dictatorship in Spain at the hands of Gen. Franco.
The majority of the next century (18th) was marked by constant changes in power started by the Napoleonic Invasions.
However, by the 1700s, England caught up with the Industrial Revolution. Spanish War Of Succession made Spain fall as Europe’s main power.
Later become a leader in sea exploration, making them Europe (and the world’s) dominant power by the 16th century.
By the end of the century they would control the portion of the Iberian Peninsula west of the Pyrenees Mountains.
Conquest, Independence Day, & Major Wars
Civil War 1936-1939:
After the Monarchy was taken out of power, the unstable nature of the Spanish government led to a civil war that lasted three years.
Conquest:
Owned all of Latin America, The Philippines, Small part of Africa (Rio De Oro, Rio Muni & Spanish Morocco).
Independence Day:
October 12 (1492)
Spanish American War 1898:
A Dispute between Spain and the U.S. over the Truman Doctrine, ending in Spain seceding Cuba, Puerto Rico and The Philippines.
Major Wars:

War Of Succession 1701-1714:
Where political disputes over the right to succeed the Spanish crown led to the Treaty of Utrecht and the Bourbon Dynasty.
Mt. Pyrenees is in the northern part of Spain.
Arable Land
Coal
Lignite
Iron Ore
Copper
Lead
Zinc
Uranium
Tungsten
Mercury
Pyrites
Magnesite
Fluorspar
Gypsum
Sepiolite
Kaolin
Potash
Hydropower
Basque:

Live in Northern Spain, speak their own language and have an autonomous community.
Galicia:

They are from the Northern end of Spain, but they also speak their own language.
Some of the traditions are the siesta, the festivals, are the Sangria and Paella.
Roman Catholic:
94%

Other:
6%
Castilian Spanish:
74%

Basque:
2%
Galician:
7%

Catalan:
17%
Enrique Iglesias
-
Singer, Songwriter, Actor
Miguel de Cervantes
-
Writer, Soldier, Philosopher
Juan Ponce de León
-
Explorer that led the expedition to the

Fountain of Youth
,
discovered

Florida
,
and

Puerto Rico
.
Pablo Picasso
-
Famous painter that created

Cubism.
Motor Vehicles
Medicines
Fruit
Wine
Pharmaceuticals
Food products
Machinery
Silver Age (1898-1936)
-
This era marked the end for all artists and intellectuals. When the Spanish Civil War ended many artists went into exile and became shut-ins. This day in age really stopped the artist movement.
Painters:

Pablo Picasso, Francis de Goya, Diego Velázquez
Rom (Gypsy)
-
Type of folk music that was represented during 1778-1839, but originated in India.
Symphonies
-
This genre of music replaced Rom (Gypsy) and created some of the greatest musicians throughout time.
Flamenco/Classical
-
This genre of music is very classical or elegant to some extent. It originated from Arabic and Spanish marriage folk songs.
"Rock Andaluz"
- A movement in the 1970s-'80s mostly centered in Sevilla.
Electronic Music
- This emerged from a popular holiday destination. It created many electronic artists to appear and perform.
Classical Opera
- This genre offered many instrumentalists.
Pablo Casals
Enrique Granados
Alfredo Kraus
Ibiza
Andres Segovia
Novelists:

Miguel de Cervantes, Benito Peréz Galdós
Dramatists:

Pedro Calderón de la Barca, Lope de Vega
Filmmaker:

Luis Buñuel
Miguel de Cervantes
Pablo Picasso
Lope de Vega
Luis
Buñuel
Diego
Velázquez
Mariano Rajoy
Madrid
"Plus Ultra"
War of Succession
Spanish American War
Spanish Civil War
Coal
Hydropower
Zinc
Paella
Flamenco
Tapas
Enrique Iglesias
Juan Ponce de León
Churros
- It is a fried pastry stick shape. It is sometimes filled with fruit or chocolate. It is mostly served during breakfast and snack times.
Mantecados and polvorones
- are a mini almond cake that is mostly served during Christmas time.
Turrón
-
This is a type of candy made from almonds and honey. This is usually served during Christmas time.
Flan
- It is a custard dessert that is topped with soft caramel.
Plátanos
- It is a type of banana, but it tends to be starchier than regular bananas. It is usually fried and served a a side dish. Mostly seen in Central and South America.
Churros
Plátanos
Turrón
Flan
Mantecados and polvorones
Salvador
DalÍ
Salvador DalÍ
-
Spanish artist and Surrealist icon. He is the creator of The Persistence of Memory painting.
Autumn
:
Greener landscape; Seas stays warm with temperatures around 82 °F; Late November fall to around 68 °F; Sunshine reduces to 6 hours
Winter:
Temperatures around 62 °F; Sunny and warm during the day and very cold at night (inland); extremely colder in mountain areas
Spring:
Days are longer; Warm weather; Temperatures rising to about 69 °F inland and 75 °F on the Southern coast; Average of 11 hours of sunshine per day
Full transcript