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The Supreme Court in Action
Transcript of The Supreme Court in Action
To make requests after a trial once a party of one or more higher courts have already approved
To form federal cases appealed by state supreme courts Courts must wait for the case to come in this form as stated in the 3rd amendment before they can place laws or regulations. Verbal presentations to a judge or appellate court made by a lawyer resolving an issue by agreeing on less than what was originally requested A court decision where all justices agree
One Justice the majority opinion of justices What does the court do? to interpret and apply laws to individual cases Lower courts must match decisions made by supreme court Responsibility of the Court Judicial Review What is it? The interpretation of laws and judicial acts according to the constitution Why Does it exist? To avoid ambiguous law interpretation Statutory interpretation interpretation and application of laws Rulings remain until 2/3 of both houses of congress propose and 3/4 of the states ratify a constitutional amendment. Amendments and Judicial Review Supreme Court Members Not specified, ranging from 6 to 11
Has had 9 members since 1869 Selection of Justices Justices appointed (not elected) by the President through "advice and consent" of the U.S. Senate
No age minimum, residence, or citizenship requirement
President attempts to have equal representation in court (race, gender, and religious groups)
Sonja Soto Mayor- 1st hispanic in Supreme Court under Obama's presidency Writ of Certiorari Provides the court that ability or the inability to hear a case Writ of appeal Court can avoid the requirement of hearing a case if it does not bring "Substantial federal question." Writ of Certification The lower court can request the clarification of a specific point of law Law Revision Interpretation of laws and their meanings can lead to revision and rewriting of laws. Arguments last one hour per case Open Court Closed Court further discussion of cases and votes on cases take place here. Deliberations and opinions Why is it necessary? Justice members have differences in opinions Supreme Court is the highest Court
Members are less visible than leaders of congress or the president
Has it's own building in Washington D.C.
Hears over 90 % of cases on appeal from 13 lower U.S. circuit courts. The Supreme Court "Storm Center"
-Oliver Wendell Holmes Selection of Cases Supreme Court Focus: law
They decide what to include, exclude, or overturn rights that may or may not have been given to and individual. Trial Courts plaintiffs- Prosecutes bring cases against the defendants.
respondents- defendants of the case
appellants (petitioners)- appeal to the case
appellees (respondents)- those who respond to the court certiorari
(writs of cert) Justices sort through thousands of petitions a year (Typically select less than 100) to decide which cases receive an oral argument. "Rule of four" -Supreme Court decides if a writ of certiorari should be issued, by having at least 4 justices approve Even Split opinion 9 participating justices
5 required to form majority
Justices can write "conquering opinions" to vote with the majority
Can add comments, or dissenting opinions (disagreeing) to appeal to history. The work of the Supreme Court is not as obvious as the other branches but it is still an essential part of the governmental system.
All judgments not only depend on the elected branches but also the American People Works Cited
Vile, John R. "Supreme Court at Work (Overview)." American Government. ABC-CLIO, 2013. Web. 9 Mar. 2013.
Vile, John R. "Supreme Court (Overview)." American Government. ABC-CLIO, 2013. Web. 9 Mar. 2013.