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Timeline Project

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Conner Mangin

on 15 September 2015

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Transcript of Timeline Project

A History of the World in 6 Glasses Timeline
By: Conner Mangin
Ap History

10,000 B.C.E.
The discovery of beer - Archaeological evidence finds tools for producing beer such as flint-bladed sickles, baskets, stone hearths, and grindstones.
6,000 B.C.E.
Pottery Emerges -
Pottery was used to store cereal grains and other ingredients making beer more reliable. Beer was the preferred drink at the time because of the lack of clean drinking water. Beer was made of barley, honey, and boiled water (which killed the bacteria). As well as a beverage it was also used as a medicine. People would use beer on wounds as an antibiotic to help heal it. All around beer helped keep people healthier and alive.
Theme: Food and Nutrition and Medicine
Around 5,000 B.C.E.
Farming spreads throughout the Fertile Crescent -
New irrigation techniques led to people planting seeds and settling down in one area. Animals like sheep and goats became domesticated due to permanent homes. One of the most common things consumed was bread and beer. Together, the production of both of them through farming led to the start of civilizations.
Theme: How this drink led to change
Around 4,300 B.C.E.
The formation of cities -
Villages came together to form larger towns and eventually cities. These had irrigation channels at the center of the town/city.


2,500 B.C.E.
The payment of bread and beer -
Workers who built the pyramids on the Giza plateau were paid in beer. The ration for a worker was three to four loaves of bread and four liters of beer. The officials and managers were paid more bread and beer than the laborers. The lower the class the lower amount of beer and bread one got. The higher up and more significant job brought more pay.
Theme: Currency and Social Class and status
Around 9,000 B.C. - 4,000 B.C.E.
The invention of wine -
Archeologists believe wine was invented in the Zagros Mountains during this time period because of the availability of the wild Eurasian grape vine and cereal crops. Pottery was invented in 6,000 B.C. making wine ingredients easy to store year round.
Italian Peninsula and Egypt
3,000 B.C.E.
Wine production begins in Egypt -
Wine was spreading quickly through the Mediterranean region and eventually reached Egypt. The pharaohs fell in love with the drink and wanted it to be produced in the Nile Delta. The drink was limited to only the pharaohs as it was so expensive to import at the time, Egyptian citizens had to drink beer.
Theme: Social Class and status
Around 146 B.C.E.
Italian Peninsula wine production booms -
With the up rise of Romans and the spread of their culture, came the popularity of wine. The Italian Peninsula became the world's biggest wine producer. Wine was so popular because it was a healthier alternative to drinking water (which it was hard to find clean water) it was also used as a medicine, they believed wine could prevent wounds from becoming infected because it contains antibacterial substances. The production of the drink led to more people moving to the city. The population of Rome increased from 100,000 in 300 B.C. to around one million in year 0 C.E. The domination in production of wine led to the exponential growth of Rome making them a global superpower.
Themes: Medicine, Food and Nutrition, and How This Drink Led to Change

870 B.C.E
King Ashurnasirpal's great feast -
A historical feast that took place because of the inauguration of his new capital, Nimrud. People from all around were invited, totaling a crowd of 69,754 people.

785 B.C.E.
Wine rations -
Cuneiform tablets were discovered from the capital of Nimrud. They showed that up to 6,000 people were paid in rations of wine in the Assyrian royal household.
Theme: Currency

Around 1300 C.E.
Aqua vitae -
Arnald of Villanova produces instructions for distilling wine. The drink created was called Aqua Vitae, it had a high alcohol content and was considered as a medicine at first. It was believed to alleviate ill-feelings and make one live longer. They also thought it would heal external injuries and cure just about any disease or ache.
Theme: Medicine
1500 C.E.
Madeira -
The Portuguese bought massive amounts of slaves for sugar plantations in the Atlantic Islands. The island Madeira became the largest exporter of sugar in the world. The Europeans paid the African slave traders in spirits and they fell in love with the drinks.
Theme: Currency
1607 C.E.
First permanent English settlers in North America -
The availability of distilled spirits made it possible for long seafaring journeys and for the exploration of new lands. Explorers looking for new and suitable land for sugar plantations would never have happened if it wasn't for rum. The African slave traders depended on it in order to trade the slaves. The Americas would have never been discovered if distilled spirits did not exist.
Theme: How this drink led to change
The Americas and Eurasia
Around 1650 C.E.
Rum given to slaves -
Rum was given to the slaves when they first arrived to see who could handle the strong drink and who could not. They also got a ration for it which could be between two gallons a year or up to thirteen. The slaves could either drink the rum or barter it for more food. They were rewarded it for doing unpleasant jobs such as catching rats. The slaves were the lowest in the social class and did not have very much freedom. Everyone else could have as much rum as they wanted and it did not get rationed to them.
Theme: Social class and status
Around 1450 C.E.
Discovery of Coffee -
There are many myths on how coffee was discovered. It is believed to have originated out of Yemen. It reached Mecca and Cairo by 1510. Coffee was known to sharpen the mind and to make one alert. Medically, it could be used to give one energy to work. It was safer to drink than water because the pathogens were eliminated during the boiling process. Coffee was usually served with bread. At coffeehouses, they sold pastries and other type of breakfast foods that went well with coffee.
Theme: Food and Nutrition and Medicine
Europe and The Middle East
Around 1650 C.E.
Coffeehouses in Europe -
Coffee was introduced in Europe in the 1600s and coffeehouses opened up. These were social places of intellectual meeting where anyone could come together to debate, discuss, and learn about political issues or the daily news. Philosophers and professors would get together to talk about inventions and other academic details.
Theme: Social Class and Status

Around 1500 C.E.
Coffee Bean Currency -
Coffee beans were used as currency in Arabia.
Theme: Currency

1666 C.E.
The Great Fire of London -
Destroyed over 70,000 buildings including many coffeehouses. When the city rebuilt itself, many more coffeeshops arose than previously before.
1789 C.E. - 1799 C.E.
French Revolution -
The French people were fed up with the strict government laws about press and speech. The French people had to be careful about what they said in coffeehouses as government spies may be there listening in. If someone spoke out against the government they could be thrown in jail. Camille Desmoulins gathered an angry mob together at a coffeehouse and gave a convincing speech leading to a revolt against the French Government. The revolution never would have happened if it wasn't for the drink coffee.
Theme: How this Drink Led to Change

2,737 B.C.E.
Prehistoric Tea -
The first cup of tea was brewed by emperor Shen Nung according to Chinese tradition. Tea in ancient times was used as a medicine. Rubbing the tea leaves onto a wound was thought to heal it and keep it from getting infected. Boiling tea leaves into water would free the water of any contamination. Adding herbs to the drink would make it a healthy relaxing beverage.
Themes: Food and Nutrition and Medicine
Around 700 B.C.E.
Tea used as Currency -
Tea was used as a revolutionary currency in China. It was made into bricks and was a light compact form of money. There was paper money, but it was not used as much as brick tea was in rural areas.
Theme: Currency

Around 1600 C.E.
Tea Reaches Europe -
The first tea leaves were brought back to Europe by the Dutch. The first type of tea was green tea, then later came black tea. It was very expensive to import at the time, and did not gain extreme popularity until later on. Along with the medicinal benefits of tea came the experimenting of adding ingredients to tea. Europeans fell in love with the idea of adding milk to their tea. Tea was encouraged to be drank by all multiple times a day.
Theme: Social Class and Status

1732 C.E.
Tea Gardens -
A tea garden was a park with performers, food stands, and walkways where people could meet each other and have food with their tea.
1790 C.E. - 1890 C.E.
Industrial Revolution -
The Industrial Revolution was a period of time where manufacturing boomed and skilled laborer work was replaced with machines in factories. These machines ran off of water and steam power, and worked nonstop. They only needed workers watching over the machines as they did the work. The workers would get tea breaks which would boost their energy and motivation to work. Tea brought the Industrial Revolution, and carried Britain to become one of the worlds greatest superpowers.
Theme: How This Drink Led to Change
Europe and Asia
1767 C.E.
Soda Water -
Joseph Priestley, an English scientist and clergyman created a carbonation in water by holding two glasses over a vat, he figured out the mysterious gas was heavier than air. He created a sparkling water drink also known as soda water.

1888 C.E.
Coca-Cola's Creation -
A pharmacist by the name of John Pemberton was a maker of patented medicines and started experimenting with the leaves of a coca plant and nuts from a kola plant. He needed to make a non alcoholic drink because alcohol was prohibited at the time. He added sugar, coca, and kola to soda water to make a medicinal soda water. He named it Coca-Cola and it was sold in pharmacies. It was advertised to cure headaches, nausea, and alleviate pain.
Themes: Food and Nutrition, Medicine
1890 C.E
Asa Candler gets the rights -
Asa Candler bought the rights to Coca-Cola for $2,300 when Pemberton passed away. 76,000 gallons were sold in 1895 and the beverage was sold in every state of America. The drink was for all ages and became the national drink of America.
Theme: Social Class and Status
1941 C.E.
Coke and World War II -
When The United States declared war on Japan and entered World War II, Coca-Cola came with the American troops. To pledge their support with the army, they gave a Coke bottle to every troop as their payment for their services. The troops loved it because it reminded them of home. They even started to produce soda fountains in the military bases. The company basically paid its armed forces in Coca-Cola.
Theme: Currency
1991 C.E.
Coke Worldwide -
Coke reached the Middle East through the Gulf War, which it supplied the troops once again. Coca-Cola had been officially produced in all regions of the world. This global known soft drink rose with America through the twentieth century as it became a world superpower country.
Theme: How this Drink Led to Change
Around 1660 C.E.
Grog -
Grog was a drink invented by Admiral Edward Vernon who decided to add sugar and lime juice to the drink. Sailors often suffered from vitamin C deficiency and would die from scurvy. Beer did not have vitamin C in it, but Grog did because of the lime juice. The British navy switched from beer to grog, which increased the health of their sailors overall.
Theme: Food and Nutrition

The United States and the World
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