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Growth and Development of Preschool Age Children

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Colleen Harris

on 1 April 2015

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Transcript of Growth and Development of Preschool Age Children

Growth and Development of Preschool Age Children
Physical
Age
: 3-6 Year Old

Physical:
3-5 lb/year
4-6 cm/year

Fine Motor:
By age six, children should be able to use scissors, draw a 6-part person, button, brush teeth independently, use utensils

Gross Motor:
By age six, children should be able to throw overhead, climb, and ride a bike
Erikson- Psychosocial Development
Initiative V. Guilt
Children begin taking initiative in exploring new activities and partaking in new experiences.
Acceptance of children's activity choices is necessary to foster their initiative. Always make sure the children are safe in their choices.
Guilt: criticism of activities can lead to child's sense of guilt or lack of purpose. This is considered "failing" the task.
Freud Psychosexual Development
Phallic Stage
Children will begin discovering the genital areas.
Differentiation between girls and boys occurs among the children and they tend to play mostly with same-sex playmates.
Piaget Cognitive Development
Preoperational stage

Children learn via interactions with others and their environment
Egocentrism
is common: often able to only see their side of something. No cognitive ability to identify with someone else's side of a situation or feelings.
Animism
: life to nonliving objects (dolls, Teddy Bear, ect)
Transductive Reasoning
: false cause and effect relationships r/t timing of events
Example: yelled at sister this morning, cause for sore throat this afternoon, when really it's the beginning of strep throat.
Post Test!!
1. The nurse should notify the physician if she notices the preschool child (age 6)....

A. Climbing up onto the examination table
B. Unable to open a package when giving scissors
C. Stating he just learned to ride his bike last week
D. Drawing stick-figure people on in his coloring book
Answer: B
2. The three year old patient states: "I was mean to my brother this morning and now his arm is broken. It's all my fault!" The nurse recognizes this thinking as being...

A. Animism
B. Egocentrism
C. Transductive Reasoning
D. Poor Communication from parents
Answer: C
3. The 5 year old patient begins to explore around the floor of the hospital and is commonly out of his room. The nurse recognizes this patient as being in which of Erikson's stages of development?

A. Phallic
B. Industry
C. Initiative
D. Autonomy
Answer: C
4. The three year old patient is upset and screams at his brother for leaving the hospital, despite the fact that the brother is leaving due to school obligations. The nurse recognizes this behavior as ....
A. Normal for age, egocentrism
B. Abnormal for age, egocentrism
C. Normal for age, transductive thinking
D. Abnormal for age, transductive thinking
Answer: A
5. Select all of the following that are appropriate development for a six year old preschooler:

A. Talking to a TeddyBear as if it were real
B. Having assistance with the help of parents
C. Empathizing with other's feelings and sides to a situation
D. Using only their hands to eat meals
Answer: A
References:

Temples, Heidi, Dr. Pediatric Growth and Development Lecture. Edwards Hall, Room 310, Clemson, South Carolina. Sept. 2014. Lecture.
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