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Thanksgiving in Children's Books
Transcript of Thanksgiving in Children's Books
Details Question: How accurate is the depiction of the Harvest Feast of 1621in Thanksgiving themed children’s literature (picture books)? Rationale: With the push in the Common Core State Standards for teaching nonfiction it is crucial as a teacher to know what is fact and what is fiction in the children’s literature you are selecting to share with your students. Process: Each group member will look at each book individually. When looking at each text we will have a checklist of questions/components to look for in each book. Afterwords as a group, we will sit down and discuss what we found in each book, this will help to establish inter-rater reliability between our individual findings. Checklist for each book:
What genre is the text?
How accurate are the facts?
Does misinformation appear? If so what?
Accurate points worth noting.
Whose perspective is the book from?
Quality of illustrations (are they accurately depicting the people of the times?)
Do the authors provide convincing credentials?
Publication Date Procedure Push in the Common Core State Standards for implementing nonfiction texts into instruction (50%) How accurate is the depiction of the Harvest Feast of 1621 in Thanksgiving themed children’s picture books? *1621- A New Look at Thanksgiving
by O’Neill-Grace & Bruchac (with Plimoth Plantation)
-Drawn from “new research of scholars who study documents, artifacts, homesites, culture, and formerly untapped sources such as the Wampanoag people themselves”(2001, forward)
-historical details within the text
-truthful cultural depictions in the photographs Genre:
Historical Fiction: 6 /10
Non-Fiction: 2/10 Recommendations Giving Thanks the 1621 Harvest Feast
By Kate Waterse
-Written from both perspectives
-Four pages of factual information included
-Written in 2001 in cooperation with Plimouth Plantation Discussion Thanksgiving on Plymouth Plantation
By Dian Stanley
-Engaging children’s book Graphic Novel feel
-Loaded with accurate information
-Written in 2004 and referenced the living history museum in Plymouth, Massachusetts. Works Cited Theory and Research doodles notes outlook Star Texts What was Thanksgiving REALLY like?
Avoiding Stereotypes in Picture Books Question Rationale “Children’s books play an important role in shaping children’s perspectives of various cultures, cultural knowledge, and awareness” (Sabis-Burns, 2011, p. 135). Quotes to support rationale *Trade Books in Teaching Elementary Science: Facts and Fallacies by Diana Rice
-“A number of authors have published guidelines for evaluating trade books, which elementary teachers may find helpful” (Rice, 2002, p. 560).
-Starting point to create our checklist: adding genre, publication date, misinformation, and quality of illustrations to our guidelines Chose an Expert Text
1621 A New Look at Thanksgiving by Catherine O’Neill Grace and Margaret M. Bruchac (with Plimouth Plantation) *Taking A Critical Look at Native Americans in Children’s Literature
by Donna Sabis-Burns
-Identify stereotypes of Native Americans: Is there attention to an accurate depiction of the color and design of the clothing and dress worn by the Native Americans?
-Looked at The Thanksgiving Story by Alice Dalgliesh. “riddled with outdated, stereotyped images and references to unfriendly Indians” (Sabis-Burns, 2011). Good Credentials
-Wamponoug Indian Program at Plimouth Plantation Found some truths
–“Back in the 19th Century, one paragraph of only 115 words in one letter written in 1621 about a harvest gathering inspired the growth of an American tradition that became a national holiday: Thanksgiving” (O’neill, C. & Bruchac, M., 2001, p. 7). Other truths
–three day long celebration
–90 Native Americans and 52 English attended
–English disease from 1616 to 1618
wiped out a lot of Native Americans
–Tisquantum is Squanto’s real name Met and talked about our individual analysis and book studies Chose ten books about Thanksgiving randomly from the Vestal Public Library.
–Ranged in years from 1954 to 2004 Individually completed book study and filled out the Checklist for Analysis of depiction of The Harvest Feast of 1621 in Thanksgiving themed picture books.
–Does Misinformation appear?
–Accurate points worth noting
–Perspective written from
–Quality of Illustrations, accuracy
–Authors credentials Combined our data into one Checklist for Analysis of depiction of The Harvest Feast of 1621 in Thanksgiving themed picture books. Key: Number of books meeting criteria/out of all books
6/10 Quality of illustrations:
-Accurate illustrations 6/10
-Inaccuracies depicted in illustrations
-Food at harvest 1/10
-Native Americans in loin cloth 2/10
-Pilgrims dressed in all black clothing 1/10
-Smiling Pilgrim child, frowning Native
American child on book cover *Negative connotation* 1/10 Publication Dates:
–1954 - 2004 Whose perspective is the book written from?
– Narrator-Pilgrim perspective 6/10
– Child who traveled back in time 1/10
– Child in present day school 1/10
– Tisquantum’s perspective 1/10
– *Point of view of two fictional characters
Native American and Pilgrim 1/10 * Accurate Points Worth Noting:
-Feast lasted three days 5/10
-Called Harvest Festival explained why it was not a thanksgiving 5/10
-Native Americans kidnapped 3/10
-Accurate information about disease 3/10
-Includes names of actual people that attended 3/10
-Extra factual information included 2/10
-Story begins even before the Pilgrims landed 1/10 Does the author provide convincing credentials?
– Authors with written credentials included in
book (we did not include other books listed
as credentials): 6/10
– Authors with historian credentials: 3/10 Misinformation found in books:
–Native Americans were mean (1954) 1/10
–Native Americas ran away from Pilgrims (1954) 1/10
–Used Squanto instead of Tisquantum 8/10
–The FIRST Thanksgiving 4/10
–Feast was one day long 2/10
–Inaccurate food included 2/10
–Pilgrims wanted to thank God 2/10
–No mention of harvest festival 1/10
–No specification of where disease came from 1/10
–Stereotypical Native American Names 1/10 Quotes worth noting –“It’s a story of what may have happened”
-Giving Thanks: The 1621 Harvest Fest
By Kate Waterse “All the other Pilgrims were greeted kindly by the Wampanoag people, who shared the land with them”
-Thanksgiving Day By Anne Rockwell "This was not a day of Pilgrim thanksgiving, which was every Thursday from dawn to dusk. This was pure celebration.”
-The First Thanksgiving by Jean Craighead George -Branum, N. (1996). Thanksgiving in primary literature. In School Library Monthly, 13, p.23.
-Kincholoe, J. & Villaverde, L. (2001). Thanksgiving in elementary social studies classrooms: students as researches, yet again. In Getting Beyond the Facts: Teaching Social Studies/Social Sciences in the Twenty-first Century (pp. 383-405). Peter Lang Publishing, Inc.-Loewen, J. (1992). The truth about the first thanksgiving. In Monthly Review, 44.6, p12.
-Moss, B. (2003). Choosing nonfiction trade books. In Exploring the Literature of Fact: Children’s Nonfction Trade Books in the Elementary Classroom (pp. 35-45). Guilford Press.
-O’Neill-Grace, C. & Bruchac, M. (2001). 1621-A new look at thanksgiving. National Geographic Children’s Books.
-Reese, D. (1996). Teaching young children about native americans. ERIC Digest, 1-7.
-Rice, D. (2002). Using trade books in teaching elementary science: facts and fallacies. The Reading Teacher, 55 (6), 552- 565.
-Sabis-Burns, D. (2011). Taking a critical look at native americans in children’s literature. In L. Atkinson-Smolen & R. Oswald (Eds.). Multicultural Literature and Response: Affirming Diverse Voices (pp. 131-152). Greenwood Publishing Group. *Make sure you are personally aware of what is fact and what is myth-do not perpetuate stereotypes.
*Dispel myths and discuss with students what is real and what isn’t.
*Use expert texts in combination with trade books in the classroom.
*Take note of our "Star Texts." “Children’s books play an important role in shaping children’s perception of various cultures. They are vehicles that transfer cultural knowledge, awareness, and thought and bear the responsibility of upholding the truth of our nation’s past” (Smolen and Oswald, 2011, p.135). Some Thanksgiving books include misconceptions and do not uphold this responsibility. Educators must know how to evaluate books before deciding to place them in their classroom libraries. Authentic texts, like those we should be looking for for the classroom, should allow students from the particular culture to connect to the character, and teach other students about another culture. Providing students with a book full of inaccuracies will not only misinform them but, “this erroneous information can follow them throughout their schooling” (Smolen and Oswald, 2011, p.135). There were a few limitations to our study... Same library:
Vestal Public Library Random selection was done by pulling books from the Thanksgiving section We are Caucasian females therefore findings are subjective based on our own personal experiences, thoughts, and backgrounds. By: Melissa Blakeney, Kara Dodd, Christie Kelly As our expert text we will use 1621-A New Look At Thanksgiving By: Catherine O’Neill Grace and Margaret M. Bruchac (with Plimoth Plantation). This text will be our reference for accuracies and misconceptions while looking through the picture books. Essential as an educator to know what is fact and fiction in the literature you select If unaware, there is potential for hindering the opportunities for students to gain knowledge, cultural awareness, and the skills to analyze texts critically “Accurate portrayals of history, contemporary issues, and authentic cultural values are thought to be the cornerstones of experiencing a good book” (Sabis-Burns, 2011, p. 133). –English wore colorful clothing not just black
–No cranberry sauce, potatoes or sweets
–Treated Massasoit as visiting royalty
–Not first Thanksgiving for Native Americans or English
–Was harvest festival not thanksgiving, not thanking God.