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Values Formation and You

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jovielyn tude

on 26 September 2014

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Transcript of Values Formation and You

Values Formation and You
by: Jovielyn Villarias

design by Dóri Sirály for Prezi
“ Education in values means the cultivation of affectivity, leading the educand through the exposure to an experience of value and the valuable.”
- R. Aquino


2 groups:
Idealist group – there are unchanging and universal values
Transcendent values values that remain unchanged amidst changing times. They are beyond changing times, beyond space and people. They are accepted as value everywhere. Examples are love, care and concern to fellowmen.

2. Relativists group – there are no universal and unchanging values
- asserted that values are dependent on time and place
- the values that our forefathers believed in are not necessarily the right values for the present
- what the British consider as values are not necessarily considered values by Filipinos

“Are values taught or caught?”





Values are both taught and caught
taught: we are now discussing values formation
caught: the living examples of good men and women at home, school, and society have far greater influence than those well-prepared lectures on values excellently delivered by experts who may sound like “empty gong and clanging cymbals”.


Values have cognitive, affective and behavioral dimensions
Cognitive dimension:
- we need to know why we have to value such
- this is the heart of conversion and values formation

Affective dimensions
- for instance “it is not enough to know what is honesty is or why one should be honest. One has to feel something towards honesty, be moved towards honesty as preferable to dishonesty.” (Aquino, 1990)




Value formation is a training on the intellect and will

The intellect discerns a value and presents it to the will as a right or wrong value.
The will wills to act on the right value and wills to avoid the wrong value presented by your intellect

“The intellect proposes and the will disposes.”
- St. Thomas Aquinas
formal and adequate object of the will is as good as it is apprehended by the intellect: (William Kelly, 1965). It is therefore necessary that you develop your intellect in its three functions namely: (William Kelly, 1965): 1. Formation of ideas
2. Judgment
3. Reasoning
It is also equally necessary to develop your will so you
will be strong enough to act on the good and avoid
the bad.


Values are both taught and caught
taught: we are now discussing values formation
caught: the living examples of good men and women at home, school, and society have far greater influence than those well-prepared lectures on values excellently delivered by experts who may sound like “empty gong and clanging cymbals”.

Values have cognitive, affective and behavioral dimensions
Cognitive dimension:
- we must understand the value that we want to acquire
- this is the heart of conversion and values formation
Affective dimensions
- for instance “it is not enough to know what is honesty is or why one should be honest. One has to feel something towards honesty, be moved towards honesty as preferable to dishonesty.” (Aquino, 1990)




Behavioral dimension
- living by the value is the true acid test if we really value a value like honesty.
Value formation includes formation in the cognitive,
affective and behavioral aspects
Your value formation as teachers will necessarily include the three dimensions. You have to grow in knowledge and in wisdom and in your “sensitivity and openness to the variety of value experiences in life.” (Aquino, 1990). You have to be open to and attentive in your value lessons in Ethics and for those in sectarian school, Ethics and religious education. Take active part in value sessions like fellowships, recollections. Read biographies of heroes, great teachers and saints. Associate with model teachers
If possible avoid the “yeast” of those who will not exert a very good influence. Take the sound advice from Desiderata: “Avoid loud and aggressive persons, they are vexations to the spirit”
Join community immersions where you can be exposed to people from various walks of life.



Virtuous versus vicious life and their effect on the will
A virtuous life strengthens you to live by the right values and live a life of abundance and joy. A vicious life lead you to perdition and misery.

WARNING!
Never give way to a vice!

Panizo claims “ virtue involves a habit, a constant effort to do things well in spite of obstacles and difficulties”

… Start and Continue doing good and being good!...

Max Scheler’s hierarchy of values
Aquino (Aquino, 1990) presents Scheler’s hierarchy of values arranged from the lowest to the highest:

Pleasure values - the pleasant against the unpleasant
- the agreeable against the disagreeable
* sensual feelings
* experiences of pleasure or pain
Vital Values - values pertaining to the well being either of the individual or of the community
* health
* vitality
- values of vital feeling
* capability
* excellence
Spiritual Values - values independent of the whole sphere of the body and of the environment






Values of the Holy - appear only in regard to objects intentionally given as “absolute objects”
* belief
* adoration
* bliss




Values Clarification
The advocates of value clarification assert that we must clarify what we really value. The term value is reserved for those “individual beliefs, attitudes and activities”… that satisfy the following criteria:
1. freely chosen
2. chosen from among the alternatives
3. chosen after due reflection
4. prized and cherished
5. publicly affirmed
6. incorporated into actual behavior
7. acted upon repeatedly in one’s life
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