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Benjamin Franklin and Ralph Waldo Emerson

compare and contrast

Katherine Banta

on 1 May 2013

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Transcript of Benjamin Franklin and Ralph Waldo Emerson

View on the Individual & Society Emerson View on Education Emerson Benjamin Franklin &
Ralph Waldo Emerson View on Religion Emerson Similarities Believed in the freedom of the individual
Be yourself, do not imitate others
People should not rely on anything or anyone to bring them success or self-fulfillment
Showed importance and concerns towards reasons in their works
Made an impact on the education system we have today
Distanced themselves from Christianity and believed that nature is necessary for human and spiritual development Katherine Banta By: Believed that human beings should learn to think on their own
Cooperative learning and continued use of creative teaching methods are the key to student achievement
The core of a liberal education was for students to learn the process of thinking for themselves
In his essay "The American Scholar" names the 3 sources of education: nature, mind of the past, and action
Character is higher than intellect
Scholars must posses self trust Franklin Suggested that students primarily learn the English language rather than classic language (Latin).
Believed students should learn a Foreign language best selected for a career they wanted to pursue. Ex: Minister might learn Latin or Greek
English grammar school should be operated away from the Latin grammar school
Moving to a separate school turned into the secondary school (Middle School) that we are familiar with
Opened the Academy and College of Philadelphia
"Knowledge is Power" In his essay "Self-Reliance" criticizes Americans for being followers and giving in to conformity
"Trust thyself" every person should trust themselves and go with their instincts
Every individual should act independently
Resist the pressure to conform
Do not focus on the past, it drains energy and will prevent the ability to move forward and live a happy life
All men focus their attention on the improvement of society, but nothing improves
Believed that society is corrupting American's and there is no sense of individuality anymore
"Nothing can bring you peace but yourself" the individual is in charge of their own happiness Franklin In his autobiography he constantly talks about self-improvement
Was always working to improve his mind, body, and behavior, believed people should do the same
The example of the "Self-made man"
The key to his success was his drive to constantly improve himself and accomplish his ambitions
Through self-inspection a person could change their world
Freedom and democracy were the fundamental rights of all people
Thought that "independent entrepreneurs make good citizens" because they pursue attainable goals, and are capable of living a useful, dignified life
Saw the need for becoming independent of the British Empire
Hoped that people will contribute to society like he did, to make it a better place Believed that the human mind and the natural world are the only necessary foundations for spiritual experience
Nature is a source for human and spiritual growth
Distances himself from Christianity
"Self Reliance" offers his own perspective on how and individual should define their morals Franklin Believed in Deism, which is the belief of a God on the evidence of reason and nature only
Believed in the separation of religion from God because of the confining and obstructive nature of churches
Developed a system of reason and virtues that were not based on Christianity, but will allow a man to achieve moral perfection
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