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AN101 F17 Kinship/Marriage

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Julie Jenkins

on 3 November 2017

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Transcript of AN101 F17 Kinship/Marriage

Social Communities: Family and Marriages
Number of partners
historically, more societies allowed than denied
---But does occur occasionally around the Himalayas, Tibet Nepal, Southern India, Sri Lanka
Sororal Polygyny- Marrying sisters

Not the same as “Sister Wives”
Tibet & Nepal-
Fraternal Polyandry
Open Polyandry-- Sri Lanka
begins monogamously
second husband added
based on economic need-- household production
but...second husband may bring in second wife, too....
group marriage
Selecting a Spouse
all societies are exogamous to some extent-- (seek partners outside 'group')

Incest Taboo
create alliances
to maintain social/group boundaries
Negotiating Marriage
bride wealth
bride service
What might these indicate about women's social position and value?
How would you define marriage given all this variation? Is it possible to define?
Classic Anthropological Definition:
“A culturally defined relationship between a man and a woman from different families, which regulates sexual intercourse, legitimizes children and establishes sets of rights and obligations towards one another.”
Can we find a broad enough definition to cover all the variations without valuing some types of unions over others and defining others as exceptions?
If you define marriage as between a biological male and female then you omit many forms of recognized marriages in the world.
---Nigeria, Sudan- Female Husbands
Bilateral descent
-Trace kinship through mother and father
-Both sides considered equally important and of the same quality
How is bilateral descent reflected in terms given to kin?
Unilineal descent
-Trace kinship through one side
-Member of that social kin 'group'
How does unilineal descent affect classification & obligations?

Is 'love' important in the Kabre context?
How do endogamous ideas about who we should and shouldn't marry structure our 'love' choices?
How is kinship organized among the Gebusi?
Creation of lineages & clans
way to organize transferring property & other inheritance
way to structure relationships & obligations
culturally constructed
variation in way people trace kinship & classify relatives
Levirate marriages
Sororate marriages
How are these different than polyamory?
What does kinship look like among the Kabre?
lineages- demonstrated descent
clans- stipulated descent
How does unilineal descent affect classification & obligations?
If the mother's brother is typically a central figure in matrilineal descent systems, why is he important to Kabre kin relations?
Parallel 'cousins'
Cross 'cousins'
Classifying kin does not necessarily correspond to the degree of biological relatedness!!
Marriage in every society except a few
---Nayar of India
---Na of China
Cross-cultural variations in:
Number of partners
Rules in choosing partners
Marriage Negotiations
Residence Patterns
Rights and obligations established
Values associated with marriage
establishes "affinal" relations
Why else may it be advantageous to seek partners outside the 'group'?
Why might a 'group' have rules that restrict marriages to those within the 'group'?
What type of marriage alliances are favored by the Kabre?
"return" marriage
patrilateral cross-cousin
How is labor divided between genders in marriages and households?
Is this relationship equal?
Who contributes the most?
Why do brothers share a wife?
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