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Psycholinguistic aspects of Interlanguage

Adapted from Ellis, R.
by

Gabriela Osornio

on 4 November 2016

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Transcript of Psycholinguistic aspects of Interlanguage

Psycholinguistic

aspects of

Interlanguage
By:
Gabriela
Osornio
The role of conciousness in L2 acquisition
Processing Operations
Psycholinguistics
L1 Transfer
The influence that the learner's L1 exerts over the acquisition of an L2.
Krashen's Acquisition-Learning Hypothesis

Richard Schmidt's Consciousness-Intentionality Hypothesis
What operations do learners perform when producing output in SLA?
transfer
transfer
avoidance
overuse
The study of the mental structures and processes involved in the acquisition and use of language
of learning: What is learned during instruction should be available for use at a later time or place.
Contrastive Analysis
Cognitive Constraints
Noticing
Implicit Knowledge
Explicit Knowledge
Operating
Principles
Processing
Constraints
Two types of computational model
Serial
Processing
The type of language (or linguistic system) used by second- and foreign-language learners who are in the process of learning a target language.
the systematic study of a pair of languages with a view to identifying their structural differences and similarities
English Verbs
assist
exit
molest
attend
pretend
realize
record
quit
intoxicate
ignore
Italian Verbs
ballare
dormire
correre
scrivere
volare
cantare
studiare
cambiare
camminare
I usually wake up at 6:00 am, then take a shower and have breakfast, then at 6:45 go to school...
It is the romantic comedy movie. The two friends graduated of the university and in the party they got drunk. The next day the man woke up in the bed of his friend! then they spent the time together and he got to be the best friend of the girl. The man liked the many woman...
Morphology
Phonology
Syntax
The resulting differences were used to make decisions about the content of the teaching materials
Two developments on L2 acquisition
1. Some theorists argued that very few errors were the result of L1 transfer. This view however has not had support over time.
2. Larry Selinker proposed that learners draw on their L1 in forming interlanguage hypotheses. They work with whatever information at their disposal. According to this view, transfer is not interference but a cognitive process.
Learner's perception of what is transferable
Learner's Stage of development
Learning cannot take place without
The process of attending consciously to linguistic features in the input
Awareness
General strategies children use to extract and segment linguistic information
The multidimensional model accounts for both, why learners acquire grammar of a language in a definite order and why some learners only develop very simple interlanguage grammars
Communication
Strategies
Borrowing words
Approximate meaning
Paraphrase meaning
Construct new words
PDP
When the relevant unit or structure of both languages is the same = correct language production
when speakers and writers transfer items and structures that are not the same in both languages = errors
Thank
you!
Full transcript