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Around the world in 90 minutes:

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Linda Ruas

on 10 April 2015

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Transcript of Around the world in 90 minutes:

Around the world in 45 minutes:
Global Justice in ELT


• fracking
• food for the world
• health for the world
• protests
• detention centres
• languages
• new feminism
energy / oil

Lessons about whole world issues
Madagascar is an amazing place for biology. Conservation International says that this island in Indian Ocean has ‘eight plant families, five bird families, and five primate families that live nowhere else on Earth’. Eighty-five per cent of its species are only found on the island, and nowhere else in the world.
But not so many people know about the large areas of tar sands under two-thirds of the country. There is nearly 30,000 km2 of bitumen and heavy oil in the dry Melaky region of northwestern Madagascar. This means companies could get about 25 billion barrels of oil from it. Big petroleum companies really want to get the oil. It could become the largest tar sands project after the very large ones in Alberta, Canada.
The British-based company Madagascar Oil is already producing heavy oil at Tsimororo (about 500 kilometres northwest of the capital) by forcing water as steam into the ground.
60 percent of the very large Bemolanga tar sands area, north of Tsimororo, is owned by French energy company Total and 40 per cent is owned by Madagascar Oil. Total stopped working there in 2011 when the price of oil fell to below production costs but the company still plans to produce oil from tar sands in 2020.
Melaky is one of the poorest regions in Madagascar. The people look after cattle and grow small amounts of food. The tar sands are under the land used by the cattle. More than 100,000 people in villages above the oil deposits could have big problems with poison in their water and land from the mining wastes. There is only one river in the region. They would use this water to get the oil out of the tar sands – they need about10 barrels of water for each barrel of oil, double the amount of water they use in Canada.
‘The risk is not just for the people who live along the river by the project site,’ Jean-Pierre Ratsimbazafy (an activist from Melaky) told TarSandsWorld. ‘It’s also dangerous for animals and people who live down the river. This river goes into the ocean, so it could destroy the biodiversity in the ocean and the coast areas, and be very dangerous for the people who live along the coast.’
Near the oil fields are the stone tsingy forests. These are high limestone rocks in the jungle with a lot of rare species of plants and animals. A lot of this amazing landscape is in Tsingy de Bemahara, one of the largest protected areas on the island (and protected by UNESCO as a World Heritage Site). But the Beanka area in the north is not so protected. If they move tar sands oil to the coast, they will build a pipeline through or near the Beanka tsingy. Biologist Steve Goodman says this would be a disaster.
‘Beanka is an amazing diverse and unique forest,’ says Goodman, a Madagascar specialist. ‘If they build a pipeline, this would bring in different types of exploitation – companies would come to take the rare hardwoods and hunt the animals. If there were problems with the pipeline, it would be so terrible if the oil came out into this area.’

a)The Rome Statute can be reviewed in 2015, so it is important now to fight to change it. 122 nations – including Australia – sign the Rome Statute. So one head of state needs to ask for a change. There could then be a five-year transitional period and the law could be working in 2020.
b)There was a lot of destruction of the environment in Vietnam during the war years, so they made a national ecocide law in 1990. The USSR also had ecocide laws, so after the end of the USSR, many of the new countries kept these laws. But ecological destruction goes across national boundaries; it is often very large multinational companies that cause it; so we need an international law.
c) That’s why the ecocide law is so good. The law doesn’t have to accept the theory that humans cause climate change. It looks at it holistically. Climate change is a symptom of damage to our ecosystems. The important thing is to create a criminal law that will stop dangerous industrial activity. And that’s where the ecocide laws will help. At the moment, big companies that damage the environment simply pay a fine, and they are prepared for this. But if ecocide is a law enforced by the International Criminal Court, that would be very different. The people at the top who make decisions go to a criminal court of law. That includes corporate CEOs, heads of state, regional premiers and heads of financial institutions.
d) Before the Rome Statute (leading to the International Criminal Court), they planned five central international crimes: genocide, crimes against humanity, war crimes, crimes of aggression and ecocide. But many countries fought against this – particularly the US, Britain, Netherlands and France – so they cut ecocide.

1/Are there any laws now against ecocide?
2/ In your research you found that the UN had been thinking about introducing a crime against nature for decades. What went wrong?
3/Is there a chance to bring back an ecocide law?
4/ People who are against the ecocide campaign say that climate change is the biggest environmental challenge. But there is not one criminal we can punish for it. They would have to punish everyone.


In 2005 I was representing a man with a serious workplace injury. There was a moment of silence while we were waiting for the judges, and I looked out the window and thought: ‘The Earth has been badly injured and harmed too, and something needs to be done about that.’ My next thought changed my life: ‘The Earth needs a good lawyer, too.’ When I looked around to see how I could defend the Earth in court, I saw that it was impossible. But what if the earth had rights like we as humans have rights? We have international laws that make killing people a crime. So we could make “ecocide” (the destruction of the earth) a crime too.

watch 0.00 to 4.28, then discuss

Now your teacher will dictate a summary of what she said – write it down

(or on following slide)

Vocabulary for talking about the Earth
Speaking about problem and solutions
Reading about the Earth
Listening to a TED talk
Dictation of part of a text
Action choice of writing / poster etc

Why aren’t developing countries
that have a lot of natural
resources rich? Read this to find out:

Then read the original:
Or the original of the other two readings:

Choose one of these:
a) find out more at http://eradicatingecocide.com/
b) write a letter to your government
c) like “Ecocide is a crime” on Facebook
d) make a poster: how can we help the Earth?
e) read about and sign this Avaaz petition:

all natural plant and animal life in an area
killing/destroying parts of the earth
areas of sand with heavy oil
d) something that causes illness or death (often chemical)
e) using people or things badly to benefit from them (eg. make money)
f) a long metal pipe to take eg. oil or gas a long distance

1/ tar sands
2/ poison
3/ exploitation
4/ pipeline
5/ biodiversity
6/ ecocide


tar sands poison


about the
real / authentic /
Easy English first -
gradual approximation (Widdowson), 1st lang reading (Woolard) & Krashen's Comprehension Hypothesis
/ IT use
/ involvement

/ paperless reading
engage with
use together with other
, personalised, lighter materials
over a billion English-learners in the world - English as a
global language
- make the content more global!
countries / topics learners / teachers know nothing about?
too much / too real - traumatic memories?
graded vs authentic texts debate?
computer literacy / availability?
too "political"?
Engage learners by
differentiation: easy/original texts; different focus
taboo issues: sex, drugs, religion etc
"Flipped learning": read / prepare before class and use class-time communicating
CLIL - "Content language integrated learning"
dictation / dictogloss / running dictation etc
contextualised grammar
developing reading skills: predict, skim, scan, infer meaning of vocab from context
extensive reading - research? projects? presentations?
grammar text - focus on eg. articles, tenses, punctuation
direct action – signing petitions, writing letters, joining protests
develop vocabulary – compare easy and difficult
links to TED talks / videos / audios
infographics / graphs (IELTS?)
jigsaw reading / jigsaw dictations
quizzes: http://eewiki.newint.org/index.php/QUIZZES

1/ Read the Easier English article “No girls”:
to find (and list) all the problems

2/ Read the original article, by clicking on the link at the bottom – or here: http://newint.org/features/2013/10/01/girls-not-allowed-keynote/ and note down 3 new words or phrases

1/ Read the Easier English article “No girls”:
to find (and list) all the problems

2/ Read the original article, by clicking on the link at the bottom – or here: http://newint.org/features/2013/10/01/girls-not-allowed-keynote/ and note down 3 new words or phrases

Before the lesson:

South America

health insurance financial crisis
corruption majority world
life expectancy vaccination
pharmaceutical companies
IMF debt disease prevention indigenous people
Read to find out: easy: http://eewiki.newint.org/index.php/Bad_medicine
Original : http://www.newint.org/features/2012/11/01/healthcare-keynote/

Words and phrases: are these related to health problems or solutions?

Central America

Which country? Which global justice issue?
In the first quarter of 2014, there 1)……… a lot more deforestation in the world. Since January, NASA’s Earth Observatory, 2)……..very big increases in deforestation across the world – 162 per cent in Bolivia, 150 per cent in Malaysia, 63 per cent in Nigeria and 89 per cent in Cambodia. Forests 3)…………, and where 4)…….. the community leaders and activists who 5)………… against this?
Global Witness (an Environmental justice group) recently 6)……… that people who 7)……… to 8)………… their lands and forests 10)………….. - more than one person per week. Between 2002 and 2013, nearly 1,000 activists 11)…………… in 35 countries.

1) Verbs?
2) Prepositions?
3) Articles?
4) All 3 of the above?
Read the text and underline / look at all the examples of your grammar point

Every year, 1)………… 70,000 kidneys 2)……. put into new bodies. More 3)……. 20,000 of these are from 4)…………. people. More than 10,000 per 5)……. are taken from people 6)……… do not agree to donating their 7)………

Grammar: find and correct 8 errors on each slide:

‘You weren’t in wheelchair in the photograph,’ said Franklin, my Peruvian host in Cuzco, when we met at the first time. It was the kind of reaction I liked best. I didn’t like peoples talking quietly about me and looking at me like when I am a child. When I travelled, I met people who were really surprising to see a person with my ‘condition’ so far away from home and lone. They asked me if I was Argentinean, Chilean, even Paraguayan. But any-one guessed where I was really from, probably because my disability.

Women’s problems:
Women have been abused
Women have been exploited
Women have been oppressed

Running dictation
Women’s achievements:
Women have fought for rights
Women have stood up for equality
Women have supported others

Skim-reading matching task:
a) Computers & fruit
b) Lovely views
c) Children welcome
d) Arrive in a boat
Detention centres
how to engage

If they hadn’t protested, no-one would have known.
If they hadn’t gone to the streets, nothing would have changed.
If they hadn’t done anything, the government would have continued.
What’s the grammar?

3rd conditional
Big Tobacco loses power in Senegal

other features
photo stories

for training teachers:
Ready Lessons - ppt/pdf
teaching 1-1 / with Skype
jigsaw reading
practice grading language
"radical phonology"


other materials:
Think of something really important about global justice that you really want to say!
Radical phonology
Full transcript