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The Russian Revolution

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Matthew Biggart

on 13 December 2013

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Transcript of The Russian Revolution

The Russian Revolution
Czarist Russia
Alexander II
r. 1851 - 1881

Alexander III
r. 1881 - 1894
Nicholas II
r. 1894 - 1917
Was assassinated for not pushing
through polititcal and land reforms
Was an autocratic ruler who imposed censorship, used secret police to instill fear, and targeted minority ethnic groups (jews, poles etc. Political prisoners were sent to Siberan work camps
Continued the Romanov autocratic policies. Was eventually overthrown by the Bolshevik Revolution in 1917
Russian Problems
- Slow Industrialization without reform (grueling working conditions)

- Oppresive Rule

- Lack of real oportunity

- Land distribution (wealthy owned the land)
The Revolutionary Movement
The Marxist
The Bolsheviks
The Mensheviks
"Form a dictatorship of the proletariat"

- Karl Marx
- Radicals that believed in a more
militant version of Marxism and
believed a smaller group of
revolutionaries could enact change
- provide "political conciousness" to the
- Democratic centralism
- Moderates, wanted to build a large body of support
in order to create change
- "Orthodox" Marxism
- Believed that true socialism could not be achieved in
Russia due to the undeveloped economy. Needed
a period of capitalism before a social revolutions
could take hold
Vladimir Ilyich Ulyanov
(V.I. Lenin)
1870 - 1924
- Form a dictatorship of the Soviets
Reasons for the End of the Czars
- Oppressive rule
- The Russo-Japanese War (1904)
- Bloody Sunday (Jan. 22, 1905)
- World War I
Nicholas II and moved his capital to
the WWI front in 1915. His wife
Czarina Alexandra ran the country
in his absence. She relied on Rasputin
for guidance. He had risen in influence
due to his "healing" powers.
Rasputin made political decisions and
gave power government posts to his
followers. Murdered in 1916 by a group
of nobleman
The March Revolution
End of the Romanovs
- March 1917
- 200,000 women textile workers in Petrograd (St. Petersburg)
- Czar is forced to abdicate
- Formation of the Soviets
(town governments) and
Provisiional government
Lenin and the Bolshevik
- Lenin and the Bolsheviks take control of the Petrograd Soviet and other major cities
November 1917
factory workers storm the Cazr's winter palace (The "Red Gaurds"). Organized by the Bolshevik Soviets.
- Bolsheviks control the government power in Russia
- Civil War against the White Army (1918- 1920)
- 14 Million Russians died in the 2 year Civil War
- Bolsheviks maintain power
- NEP (New Economic Policy), March 1921
- The Communist Party and the Dictatorship of the Soviets
- Joesph Stalin
The Russian Civil War
Full transcript