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Society Roles in the late 1800s
Transcript of Society Roles in the late 1800s
per.5 Social Pyramid Men were the head of the family and the person that gave the most support.
The main role of men was to defend their country in their time of need.
Men were home-schooled before they were qualified to go to a University.
Women were mainly in charge of taking care of the house and producing children. They were seen as angels of the house.
Women were obliged to get out of their house during War and contribute to the military.
Although they both got education, men were sent to Universities to learn law, physics, etc., there were no universities for women. They only learned housing chores and maybe a little French.
Men had far more rights, like voting, then women, however women were not deprived of all rights. New laws came out
that extended the rights of women. Migration Children Addressing the Various Levels of Society Adults Addressing the Levels of Society Then Nineteenth-century clothing
reflecting levels of society Underclass Middle Class High Class the richest
owned all of the resources
lived in large, handsome manors
did not like the middle class because they felt the middle class was stealing the money During the Victorian Age, it was common for formal language than modern day society.
People were respectful and courteous towards others. As an alternative of using first name as we do today, people at that time would entitle adults to titles such as “Mr. So-And-So.” poorest
semi-working (able to work but earned wages that were too low to support the family)
lived in despicable, overcrowded slums with more than 30 people sharing one room For an example, someone who’s name is “John Smith,” would be called “Mr. Smith” by others Nobody presumed to using first names unless they were someone close such as being family members or very close friends. Same Women and Men have equal roles and importance
• During the industrial revolution, textile factories popped up and this increased availability in many elegant options in fashion for both men and women. the largest class and kept growing
they thrived the most during the industrial revolution
owned factories and employed underclass Both hold jobs and take up household duties Children addressed adults by their relation's given name. - Examples: Mama, Papa, Uncle, Aunt, etc... Children are expected to listen and respect elders A child would call people by Mr. or Mrs. if they were not related.
If belonging to a family that obtained servants, they would normally address servants the same names the adults of the household would use. How did Men and Women interact? •It was the wife's duty to be the sympathetic ear and soother
•The Victorian man also expected that when he was home that his home be clean
and well-ordered, warm and appealing, have a good meal on the table and attention when ill; comfort without effort.
•The Victorian man was expected to marry for love and would choose their wives from women in their own class or above, often marrying into families with whom they had business connections.
•The premise of a marriage of partnership or companionship was that husband and wife would be spending a great deal of time in each other's company - lingering meal times, music-making, reading aloud, the afternoon tea.
•An insubordinate wife was seen as a black mark against her husband's manliness.
•The husband's duty was to provide for the family and govern it, the management of the family belonged to the wife
•Social interaction between women and men were limited - For instance, a nanny would be addressed as, "Nanny," or if a maid was called by their Christian name, the children would do the same. Children are almost always educated Who could be a Gentleman? •Members of the British aristocracy (wealth) were automatically gentlemen from birth (although it was also emphasized that birth alone could not make a man a gentleman).
•Other Victorians — such as clergy belonging to the Church of England, army officers, members of Parliament — were recognized as gentlemen by right of their occupations, while members of lower professions — such as engineers and factory workers — were not.
• "The essence of a gentleman, is [...]that he comes from a pure gens, or is perfectly bred. After that, gentleness and sympathy, or kindness, disposition and fine imagination, "-John Ruskin.
•A true gentleman was said to carefully avoid whatever may cause trouble or distress in the minds of those with whom he is; and to make everyone comfortable and feel at home.
•This category also included the younger sons of peers and of baronets, knights, and esquires in succession, and therefore the term captures the common, ideal gentleman presenting grace and honor. • Different dresses were both acquired by both upper-class and middle-class women because of its versatility.
• A working class woman wore a skirt-and-jacket style.
• Women's rigid corsets and multiple layers of skirts
symbolized their constricted lives. Importance of one's Birthright •In Victorian England, people's lives were generally governed by the class into which they were born. Social mobility, however, was possible.
•1.) Classes. Victorian England had two commonly known classes: the nobility and the commoners. Among the commoners, there were 'sub-classes', including: the middle class, the working class, the under-class, etc. Most were born into a specific social class, and acquired the prestige associated with that group.
•2.) Money, however, could buy one's way up into a higher class. Similarly, education could open up vast opportunities for social improvement. Wealthy gentleman went to prominent schools like Eton and Harrow, but men in lower classes began to have more opportunities for higher education as well.
•3.) Finally, intermarriage among the social classes was possible, and could result in a change in social status.
•The male held the most legal power. Husbands/fathers in Victorian England had greater legal status regarding property and children. Laws passed late in the 19th century, however, increased women's rights as well. Upper class mothers hired nannies or governesses to raise their children. Working class mothers often had to work outside the home and left siblings to care for one another. Role of Person's Past
•Your social status determined who you could talk to and spend time with
•Your family’s wealth would give you an access to higher positions in society, including jobs, marriages, and land ownership •Fashionable gentlemen understood that a proper hat signaled respectability and refinement.
•For men, the upper class continued to wear top hats during the 1850s, bowler hats were worn by the middle class, and cloth caps by the working class. Rules of Courting A "breach of promise" suit might result in one party paying for the other's damages, such as cost of a wedding gown and trousseau. This was one reason news of the betrothal was often kept from family and friends. It wasn't considered official, and therefore would not hold up in court. Women were even cautioned as to what they wrote in letters and journals, should the case go that far.
But you could marry first cousins.
Coming out meant a young woman had completed her education and was officially available on the marriage mart. Financial or family circumstances might delay or move up a girl's debut, though typically, she came out when she was seventeen or eighteen.
Courtship advanced by gradations, with couples first speaking, then walking out together, and finally keeping company after mutual attraction had been confirmed. But a gentleman had to take care in the early stages of courtship. Behavior and Employment for Men and Women Family of Victorian Age • For respectable classes, work is the order of
• Unskilled laborers were most at risk
• Children worked if they belonged to a
lower class family
• Fear of losing one's job was always on one's
mind Men could set out to do whatever they wanted to,but women were very restricted and limited to very few things. Children go to school, While their parents go to work the individual is more important than the masses Women took charge of the household and entertaining guests Men went out earned money and brought food home Children played around and in some cases even worked The etiquette expected for a woman during the Victorian era depended largely on which social class they belonged to. A true gentleman tips their hat to greet a lady, opens doors, and always walks on the outside Most worked in Factories like above Women were expected to be educated and proper;learning domestic tasks and lady-like manners Women: Marriage
Men: Money and Fame Gentlemen were impeccably dressed and well-mannered. Noblity in late 1800's Thanks For Listening! Downtown Abbey Trailer