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The Importance of the Development of One's Conscience

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natalie minardi

on 5 December 2013

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Transcript of The Importance of the Development of One's Conscience

The Importance of the Development of One's Conscience
The superego itself is different than the conscience
Overview of Lesson

Review of Conscience

The Importance of the Development of One's Conscience (

The Importance of the Development of One's Conscience (

Conscience Malformation - Misinformed Conscience

Development of Conscience *Biblical Perspective*

Development of Conscience *Philosophical Perspective - Kant*

Media Manipulations of the Development of the Conscience

Development of Conscience & Importance Summary & Conclusion

One's conscience is an anthropological trait
It is the place where we hold our own selves in our hands
Don't get confused!
The Superego
The Conscience
to Freud is - the ego of another superimposed on our own to serve as an internal censor to regulate our conduct by using guilt as its powerful weapon
" As people develop a mature conscience, they generally move from the experience of rules and laws as being imposed by someone in authority - parents, police, teachers, priests, government - to directing their actions more from within." -CCCB
Conscience Review
In the Pastoral Constitution of the Church, in the Modern World...
It is like a little voice which professes
judgement of reason
Our reason helps us to determine the moral quality of an act that we're contemplating doing in the future, an act we're already doing in the present, or an act we've done in the past

Our conscience is referred to as our
secret core,
It calls us...
"to love and to do what is good and to avoid evil"

"at the right moment: to do this, shun that."
Why do I need to develop my conscience? Why is it important? How do I do it?

When you were born, you were born neutral, not knowing evil or good
It is important to develop your conscience to allow your "wants" to become clear to you, directed along the path of what you "should" do and "have-to" do according to God
A properly developed/mature conscience helps you deal with your moral failures and sins, becoming aware of your weaknesses through faults and fragility as a human being

Take account of and follow the norms, values, virtues, and commandments found in your Christian tradition
Through reasoning and reflection of experiences and differentiation between right and wrong (begins through family exposure)
Participate in Eucharist and prayer life of the Church
Grow in the virtue of humility; seek direction of the Church
Superego = "shoulds" and "have-tos"
Conscience = "wants"
As the conscience develops/matures,
the superego is not abolished, it is integrated
Where was your conscience first developed?
We are exposed to conscience developing influences since we were born
It is within our own households where we are first introduced to the difference between right and wrong and the values/perspectives placed upon the "shoulds"and the "have-tos" of the world
Until we are able to draw conclusions from the "shoulds" and "have-tos" to form our own "wants", we mirror the attitudes and perspectives of our parents, family, to the rest
of society
Self discipline, loneliness, depression, habits (within family)
"Moral Behavior is developmental - that is tied to intellectual, social and spiritual growth. We can learn what is morally correct or incorrect through family and friends, through life experiences, and through the time and culture in which we live." - CCCB
Multiculturalism plays a huge factor in the development of our conscience
Upbringing, morals, ethics, differentiation between right and wrong, reasoning, laws/rules, logic is all affected...
Everyone's Conscience is unique
Depending on how your conscience is developed, it may not be in a "right" or "good" direction as understood by our Catholic Tradition...
Symptoms of a Misinformed Conscience:
The end justifies the immoral means
Means to an end
Difficult to reason
* All of the following are excuses to justify sinful actions
Developing and informing your conscience is an ongoing process
Your perspective of the world and value of certain behavioral responses will change, and your conscience will change as a result as well
Your conscience is not static, it is forever evolving-changing-developing-maturing
Matthew educates us about the importance of developing a conscience
The narrow gate leads to heaven, although this path is difficult to attempt
Christians believe that it is easy to be accepted into heaven
Very few make it to heaven because others rather not go through the challenge the path brings
The Holy Spirit and the conscience work together in order to make the right decisions
This helps you through the narrow gate to heaven
The Development of Conscience in Religion
The Four Types of Conscience
A Good Conscience:
is developed by a pure understanding of God and follows the path of right doing and avoidance of all sin. This conscience is not violated and is respected.
An Evil Conscience:
Is due to the failure to adapt our will to the will of God. It is a conscience that is not respected.
A Weak Conscience:
Is a conscience that does not have the required strength to cause one to behave according to knowledge. It cannot make proper judgements because of a deficiency in knowledge or perception.
A Seared Conscience:
Is a conscience that has become oblivious to moral and spiritual insight due to persistent violations of it
The conscience is classified by four types
Having a better understanding of how our conscience is developed allows us to adjust or improve how we must think and act
God may not approve of the actions one executes for a certain situations even if your conscience approves of it
Many commentators hold that the conscience of oneself is central to the critical elements of philosophy
The development of the conscience is due to:
1. Moral knowledge theories
2. Motivation theories
3. Reflection theories
Immanuel Kant comes to believe that through the development of our conscience, we build knowledge about ourselves
This development is important since over time we will be able to control our behavior and manipulate our reactions to certain situations
"All knowledge begins with the senses, proceeds then to the higher understanding, and ends with reason. There is nothing higher than reason."
The media has used the development of the conscience throughout history
In the story of
, Jimminey cricket is Pinocchio's conscience
If Pinocchio wanted to become a real boy he must prove himself to be brave, truthful, and unselfish
The only way he can tell right from wrong is by listening to his "conscience"
Shows how a properly informed conscience guides you; a conscience which is well developed to know right from wrong, bravery, truthfulness and selflessness
Philosophical Perspective
Full transcript