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Transcript of Chapter 17
17.2 Changes in Agriculture
17.3 Trade and Commerce
Urbanization is the building of cities, towns, and homes. Urbanization increased from 960 to 1279 C.E. under the Song dynasty as more and more cities kept popping up. The cities at this time had no more than 50,000 residents. But in China, in the city of Hangzhou had about two million residents living in this city. The increase of trade and commerce made people want to live in China. In China, people could make a living as merchants, traders, peddlers, and shopkeepers. In the towns and cities, there are food vendors selling rice and other goods. There are also entertainers on the streets of the cities such as musicians, jugglers, acrobats, and puppeteers.
In this presentation you learned how China built a New Economy and how China's new economy made China the trading capital of the world in this time. The new trading center helped people want to live in China, and that made very large cities. In the city Hangzhou, there was more then 2 million people in the cities walls. During this time, the Chinese civilization switched from the north, to the south. Rice was China's most popular crop, and when China discovered a new rice seed, it became so much more popular than before. In the towns and cities, people made a living by merchants, puppeteers, traders, and peddlers.
Economy - A system of managing the wealth and resources of a community or region.
Agriculture - The business of farming.
Commerce - The buying and selling of goods.
Trade - The business of buying and selling or exchanging items.
Urbanization - The growth of cities.
Harrow - a farm tool used to break u and even out plow ground.
Chain Pump - A pump with containers attached to a loop of chain to lift water and carry it where it is wanted.
Barge - a long bottom with a flat bottom.
Currency - he form of money used in a country.
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Ancient Chinese Houses
Trade and Commerce is the buying and selling of goods. Trade and commerce started growing in the Tang dynasty. It started growing quickly because wealthy land owners wanted luxuries. Some of the items people wanted was rice, silk, tea, and jade. Merchants would set up small shops along the canals to attract customers this helped improve water transportation. Some of the results of trade and commerce was the growth in the merchant class, increased prosperity, China had the highest standard of living, and many commercial centers grew into cities. Because of this growth in trade and commerce the government made a huge number of copper coins to use for buying goods and because of this there was a shortage in copper.
Chapter Summary 17.5
Changes In agriculture were a major reason for the growth of China's economy during the Song dynasty. There were several reasons for the change of agriculture. The first was the movement of farmers to the fertile basins of the Chang Jiang river in southern China. During the 11th Century and new kind of rice was brought from the Southeast Asia. The new rice was drought resistant and it also grew in two months instead of five. Rice grows on the terraces in flooded fields called paddies. In the beginning of the growing season, farmers could use buffaloes pulling a plow and harrow to level the fields and prepare them for planting. Making rice is hard work and needs a lot of people to help. During the growing season the rice paddy has to be constantly watered and drained. The farmers could sell or trade their surplus rice and buy luxury items. With the big changes in agriculture the trade grew bigger.
Chapter 17 China Develops a new Economy
Sophie Campbell, Jacob Pedersen, Bianca Pulido, and Hayden Zumsteg
In this presentation you will learn about how China developed a new Economy during the Song Dynasty by Agriculture, Trade, Commerce, and Urbanization from about 960 to 1279 C.E. During the Tang Dynasty, the production of rice made China the trading capital of the world in that time period. Urbanization is the growth of cities, towns, and homes. Urbanization has helped form so many new towns and cities in today's world.