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Conquest and Colonization

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Brad Cartwright

on 17 February 2018

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Transcript of Conquest and Colonization

Chesapeake Colonies
Pilgrims
Opechancanough
Jamestown
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=S7Rjuuk6NAM
QUESTION:
Are popular portrayals of Pocahontas more mythical than historical?
a subject (the topic if your essay)
A good thesis statement includes:
Thesis Statements
A thesis statement is not merely a statement of fact, but rather an interpretation you intend to prove.
It should directly answer the question asked and it tells the reader what to expect in the rest of the paper.
A thesis typically consists of a single sentence that is usually located at the end of your introductory paragraph.
The rest of the paper, the body of the essay, gathers and organizes evidence that will persuade the reader of your thesis.
an opinion (your interpretation of the subject)
reasoning (how you plan to prove your opinion)
POOR: Disney created a movie about Pocahontas.
lacks an opinion and reasoning
FAIR: Disney created a movie about Pocahontas that is more myth than history.
lacks reasoning
GOOD: Disney created a movie about Pocahontas that is more myth than history because it does not reference Pocahontas’s kidnapping by the English, her marriage to John Rolfe, or her travels to London.
With your reasoning clearly articulated in your thesis statement, you have created a blueprint for the rest of the paper to follow.
After the Mayflower
stress
asthma
paranoia & guilt
boredom
child abuse
epilepsy
delusional psychosis
class rivalries
fears raised by Indian attacks
fears about women
convulsive ergotism
Thesis Statement Recap
A thesis statement should include a
subject
, an
opinion
on that subject, and
reasoning
for the opinion.
The Essay Body,
Paragraphs, and Topic Sentences
It is in the essay body that writers present evidence in support of their thesis. The correct format for presenting evidence is within body paragraphs ~ the fundamental units in essay writing.
Each paragraph should represent and develop a single distinct idea.
This idea is stated in the topic sentence, or the paragraph's first sentence.
The topic sentence is then supported by evidence in the rest of the paragraph.
In January 1780, fighting in the Revolutionary War came to a standstill as Mother Nature transformed America into a frigid hell. For the only time in recorded history, all of the saltwater inlets, harbors and sounds of the Atlantic coastal plain, from North Carolina northeastward, froze over and remained closed to navigation for a period of a month or more. Sleighs, not boats, carried cords of firewood across New York Harbor from New Jersey to Manhattan. In Philadelphia, the daily high temperature topped the freezing mark only once during the month of January, prompting Timothy Matlack, the patriot who had inscribed the official copy of the Declaration of Independence, to complain that "the ink now freezes in my pen within five feet of the fire in my parlour, at 4 o'clock in the afternoon."

In January 1780, fighting in the Revolutionary War came to a standstill as Mother Nature transformed America into a frigid hell.
For the only time in recorded history, all of the saltwater inlets, harbors and sounds of the Atlantic coastal plain, from North Carolina northeastward, froze over and remained closed to navigation for a period of a month or more. Sleighs, not boats, carried cords of firewood across New York Harbor from New Jersey to Manhattan. In Philadelphia, the daily high temperature topped the freezing mark only once during the month of January, prompting Timothy Matlack, the patriot who had inscribed the official copy of the Declaration of Independence, to complain that "the ink now freezes in my pen within five feet of the fire in my parlour, at 4 o'clock in the afternoon."


For the only time in recorded history, all of the saltwater inlets, harbors and sounds of the Atlantic coastal plain, from North Carolina northeastward, froze over and remained closed to navigation for a period of a month or more. Sleighs, not boats, carried cords of firewood across New York Harbor from New Jersey to Manhattan. In Philadelphia, the daily high temperature topped the freezing mark only once during the month of January, prompting Timothy Matlack, the patriot who had inscribed the official copy of the Declaration of Independence, to complain that "the ink now freezes in my pen within five feet of the fire in my parlour, at 4 o'clock in the afternoon."

In January 1780, fighting in the Revolutionary War came to a standstill as Mother Nature transformed America into a frigid hell.
For the only time in recorded history, all of the saltwater inlets, harbors and sounds of the Atlantic coastal plain, from North Carolina northeastward, froze over and remained closed to navigation for a period of a month or more. Sleighs, not boats, carried cords of firewood across New York Harbor from New Jersey to Manhattan. In Philadelphia, the daily high temperature topped the freezing mark only once during the month of January, prompting Timothy Matlack, the patriot who had inscribed the official copy of the Declaration of Independence, to complain that "the ink now freezes in my pen within five feet of the fire in my parlour, at 4 o'clock in the afternoon."
European colonization of the Americas

should be remembered as a tragedy

because of the ethnocentrism of the conquerors and the widespread violence that occurred
.
Topic Sentence 1:
The encounter between Europeans and non-Christian Native Americans fueled European ideas about their own cultural superiority.
Topic Sentence 2:
The collision of cultures in the Americas also resulted in an immense amount of violence and the widespread decimation of Indian cultures.
What caused the
Salem witchcraft hysteria?
Example
The First Thanksgiving?
St. Augustine, Florida 1565
El Paso del Norte, 1598
Jamestown, Virginia 1610
Why don't we remember these other Thanksgiving feasts?
St. Augustine and El Paso were Spanish settlements
Jamestown was a commercially-driven colony
Plymouth was a Protestant colony founded by people seeking religious freedom
After the Mayflower
Workshop 6
Workshop 6
Workshop 6
Which of the following statements is false?

Winslow claims that it was as safe to walk in the woods in America as it was to walk the streets of England.

Winslow suggests that it was the Pilgrims who created peace among the various tribes of the region.

Winslow complains about the lack of abundant resources.

Winslow believed the Native Americans he encountered to be trustworthy and peaceful.
Which of the following is true?

The Mayflower passengers spent the severe winter of 1620–1621 aboard the ship, where disease claimed the lives of nearly one quarter of the passengers.

Winslow believed the air to be too foggy.

The story of the “first” Thanksgiving is partly based on Winslow’s letter.

The letter offers a dire warning to future colonists about the hardships of colonization.

Which of the following best captures the author’s purpose in this letter?

to send well wishes to a friend

to present a flattering portrait of the colony in hopes of persuading others to make the journey

to generate resentment towards Native Americans

to generate sympathy for the many hardships faced by the Plymouth colonists
Workshop 6
https://www.polleverywhere.com/free_text_polls/D92MqAkQOmb3a4q
Conquest & Colonization
King Philip's War
Workshop 7

Note taker needed!
Week 5: Servitude and Slavery

Feb. 13: Workshop 8 – Richard Frethorne
Feb. 15: Workshop 9 – John Woolman

Week 6: Competing Empires
Feb. 20: Workshop 10 – Topic Sentences
Feb. 22: Workshop 11 – Thomas Paine & Abigail Adams

What one word would you use to describe Europe's colonization of the Americas?
Henry VIII
Protestant Reformation
Workshop 4
Which of the following statements regarding Bartolomé de las Casas
Destruction of the Indies
is false?

a. the greed of the Spanish conquerors was insatiable

b. the Spanish ignored their responsibility to convert the Natives to Christianity

c. the province of Nicaragua contained cities that were four miles long

d. the Natives encountered by the Spanish were too feeble to fight back
Workshops 4 & 5
4. At what point does Philip realize that the aims of the English are not just to gain more land or to undercut the native people economically and spiritually, but instead to make native people their conquered subjects.

a. after Philip is forced to sign a confession admitting
disloyalty to the English

b. shortly before the Pequot War

c. as his father lay dying

d. during the first wave of attacks of King Philip’s War
After the Mayflower
3. The Pequot War established in the minds of the --------------- the potential savagery of the ---------------.

a. English/Indian

b. Indian/English

c. Narragansett/Wampanoag

d. Wampanoag/Narragansett
After the Mayflower
4. After the deaths of Edward Winslow and Massasoit, the relationship between the second generation of English people and Native Americans was complicated by…

a. praying towns

b. declining wampum and fur trade

c. increased English desire for more land

d. a and c

e. all of the above
After the Mayflower
5. After having watched this documentary, what one word would you use to describe this story that ends with King Philip’s War?
After the Mayflower
Workshop 7
Workshop 7
Workshop 7
1. According to Ann Putnam, what caused her to accuse her neighbors of witchcraft?

a. Native Americans

b. peer pressure

c. hallucinations

d. Satan
2. According to Mondloch, ____________ were visible, often terrifying, signs of God's will that forged themselves onto the fabric of daily life.

a. plagues

b. providences

c. witchcrafts

d. tempests
3. New England Puritans were particularly susceptible to the “witchcrafts of the devil” because they considered themselves to be God’s elect living in the devil’s dominion.

a. true

b. false
Workshop 7
Workshop 7
4. When she writes, “Even now, those among us who boldly stake their claim to the mind of God—like the self-appointed prophets who construed the events of…September 11 as a kind of remarkable providence—risk the resurrection of demons similar to the forces that once ravaged a New England community, Mondloch is highlighting historical _____________.

a. causation

b. change

c. connections

d. context
Workshop 5
Workshop 5
Workshop 5

1. Who wrote the following: “…then as many as could layd hands on him, dragged him to them, and thereon laid his head, and being ready with their clubs, to beate out his braines…”

a. John Smith

b. Richard Frethorne

c. Nathaniel Bacon

d. Cabeza de Vaca
2. Who wrote the following: “…and as for my part I have set down my resolution that certainly will be; that is, that the answer of this letter will be life or death to me. Therefore, good father, send as soon as you can…”

a. John Smith

b. Richard Frethorne

c. Nathaniel Bacon

d. Cabeza de Vaca
3. Who wrote the following: “Another main article of our guilt is our open and manifest aversion of all…the protected and Darling Indians.”

a. John Smith

b. Richard Frethorne

c. Nathaniel Bacon

d. Cabeza de Vaca

Workshop 5
After the Mayflower
QUESTION:
What does your primary source tell us about the person and/or culture from which it originated?
QUIZIZZ #1
QUIZIZZ Practice Round
Workshop 5
Which of the following statements regarding John Smith's
The Generall Historie of Virginia
?

a. It is written in the third person.

b. It states that within 10 days of the ships returning to England for supplies, the colonists left behind at Jamestown became extremely sick.

c. John Smith was held prisoner by his own people.

d. Until being "rescued" by Pocahontas, John Smith and the Jamestown settlers' encounters with Native Americans were always violent.


Puritans


According to the documentary's narrator, the Wampanoag Indians and the Pilgrims were "bound by what they shared: -----------.

a. the land."

b. a desire to gain wealth."

c. an urgent need for allies."

d. a desperate need for food."

e. all of the above
After the Mayflower
What is the first thing that comes to mind when you think of Thanksgiving?
From the Native Americans' perspective, what made the Pilgrims different from other Europeans who had visited their coastline?
They were very polite.
They were heavily armed.
They brought women and children.
They wore unusual clothing.
After the Mayflower
1. In the decades prior to the arrival of the Pilgrims, the Native Americans of the Massachusetts region had --------.

achieved a balance of power

nearly destroyed each other through constant warfare

formed the Iroquois Confederacy

only recently arrived from the Great Lakes region
After the Mayflower
Reports of the symptoms seem to suggest that the epidemic that spread through what would become New England between 1617-1619 was...
malaria.
smallpox.
syphilis.
an epidemic of different diseases.
After the Mayflower
1. Who helped facilitate treaty negotiations between the Pilgrims and Massasoit?

a. King Philip

b. King James

c. Squanto

d. Pokanoket
After the Mayflower
2. What activity connected the English and Wampanoag and kept the peace between them?

a. trade

b. farming

c. hunting

d. continual treaty revisions
After the Mayflower
After the Mayflower
wVG2cX107KA
The Requerimiento

is a controversial aspect of Spain’s colonization of the Americas
because
it represents a continuation of Spain’s holy war against non-Christians
,
it was read in Spanish to an audience who could not understand the language
, and
it reveals the underlying Spanish ethnocentrism that justified violent conquest
.
(INTRO) Who created the source? When? What is the source about?

(BODY 1) What was going on locally, nationally, or globally when this was created?

(BODY 2) Who was the intended audience? Was it meant to be public or private?

(BODY 3) What biases might have influenced the source?

(CONC.) What events, either in the past or present, can be linked to this primary source?
Organization
The Requerimiento is a controversial aspect of Spain’s colonization of the Americas

because it represents a continuation of Spain’s holy war against non-Christians,

it was read in Spanish to an audience who could not understand the language,

and it reveals the underlying Spanish ethnocentrism that justified violent conquest
.
Full transcript