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psych project

Ghada Zamzami

on 10 March 2011

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Transcript of project

Schizophrenia Symptoms Social withdrawal
Hostility or suspiciousness
Deterioration of personal hygiene
Flat, expressionless gaze
Inability to cry or express joy
Inappropriate laughter or crying
Oversleeping or insomnia
Odd or irrational statements
Forgetful; unable to concentrate
Extreme reaction to criticism
Strange use of words or way of speaking What Is It Schizophrenia is a psychosis characterized by personality and thought disorganization, and it affects an estimated 1 percent of all people. Schizophrenics occupy more mental hospital beds than patients with any other single diagnosis. Eugene Bleuler The first person to coin the
word Schixophrenia. Seven Year Old Schizophrenic Treatment The medical management of schizophrenia often requires a combination of antipsychotic, antidepressant, and antianxiety medication. Some common medications include Seroquel, Risperdal, Zyprexa, and Clozapine. Medications Stages of Schizophrenia Prodromal Stage
Acute Stage
Residual Stage Prodromal Stage It refers to the year before the illness appears. The term prodrome is derived from the Greek word prodromos, meaning “something that comes before and signals an event”. In medical terms, a prodrome refers to the early symptoms and signs of an illness that come before the characteristic symptoms appear. Acute Stage When someone is experiencing psychotic symptoms such as hallucinations, delusions, or grossly disorganized behavior. The phase indicates full development of the disorder. When patients are in this phase, they appear psychotic. Their behavior may become so extreme or bizarre that hospitalization is necessary. Residual Stage The features of the residual phase are very similar to the prodromal stage. Patients in this stage do not appear psychotic but may experience some negative symptoms such as lack of emotional expression or low energy. Although patients in the residual stage do not have delusions or hallucinations, they may continue to experience strange beliefs. Positive Symptoms Positive symptoms are psychotic behaviors not seen in healthy people. People with positive symptoms often "lose touch" with reality. These symptoms can come and go. Sometimes they are severe and at other times hardly noticeable, depending on whether the individual is receiving treatment. Symptoms include hallucinations, delusions, thinking disorders, and movement disorders. Negative Symptoms Negative symptoms are associated with disruptions to normal emotions and behaviors. These symptoms are harder to recognize as part of the disorder and can be mistaken for depression or other conditions. These symptoms include the following: lack of pleasure in everyday life, lack of ability to begin and sustain planned activities, speaking little even when forced to interact and deteriation of personal hygiene. Cognitive Symptoms Cognitive symptoms may be difficult to recognize as part of the disorder. Often, they are detected only when other tests are performed. Cognitive symptoms include the following: poor "executive functioning" (the ability to understand information and use it to make decisions), trouble focusing or paying attention, problems with "working memory" (the ability to use information immediately after learning it). John Nash, a US mathematician, began showing signs of paranoid schizophrenia during his college years. Despite having stopped taking his prescribed medication, Nash continued his studies and was awarded the Nobel Prize in 1994. His life was depicted in the 2001 film A Beautiful Mind. Causese of Schizophrenia Studies show that factos such as studies suggest that genetics, prenatal development, early environment, neurobiology and psychological and social processes can contribute and cause this disease.
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