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Book 9 - "The Cyclops" from The Odyssey

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by

Rebecca Grant

on 3 March 2016

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Transcript of Book 9 - "The Cyclops" from The Odyssey

Greek Gods and Religion
The Greeks believed in the many gods and goddesses; known as polytheism

Believed that gods and goddesses took an active interest in mortal life

Respect for the gods was necessary for survival and success


Religion cont.
Greeks also believed in monsters and mythical features...
Values in Ancient Greece
- Intelligence
- Glory: equivalent to FAME
*War stories
*Souls that achieved glory during life were given privileges in Hades
- Hospitality: Helping others
Offered food, shelter, protection to travelers without question
Hospitable even when they didn’t want to be
Brotherly duty or fear of the gods?


What role does hospitality play on the island of Cyclopes? Does Polyphemus respect the gods? What do these two ideas have to do with one another?
The Odyssey: What You Should Know
Polyphemus
Chimera
The Sirens
- Loyalty: family, community, & gods

- Bravery; ability in war

Definition: a lengthy narrative poem that usually contains
the heroic deeds and events significant to a particular culture or society.

What is an Epic Poem?
- Example: The Odyssey

-10 characteristics of epic poetry
*Epic hero
*Epic simile
* The tragic flaw

Oral Tradition
Definition: stories that were told and retold verbally form one generation to another
Many Ancient Greeks were not literate, unless their profession required them to be
Women did not have jobs, so most were illiterate
Men who partook in business professions (trading, selling goods) were literate
Full transcript