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The Holderness Coastline: Erosion and its impacts

The Holderness coastline is one of the fastest eroding coastlines in the world. The erosion has both Human and Physical causes. The rapid erosion is having an effect on the local population.
by

Phil Newbold

on 7 February 2011

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Transcript of The Holderness Coastline: Erosion and its impacts

The Holderness Coastline Erosion Impacts The Holderness Coastline is a stretch of Coast in the North-East of the UK. The town of Hull lies to the East and the River Humber has its mouth just south of the Coastline. The towns of Hornsea and Witherton lie on it. Flamborough Head is at its northern end and Spurn point is at its southern end. Physical Erosion Strong wind from the North East and the long fetch over the North Sea produce large waves. A lot of the coastline is made up of boulder clay which is easily erodable. This makes it vuilnerable to slumping. Long Shore Drift carries
material away to the South The Holderness Coastline has
frequent storms. These break
down the loose and fragmented rock. Destructive waves are common along the coastlines beaches. This carries material off the beaches. Lots of material is transported into the North Sea. Twice the amount of material is removed rather than added. The beaches along the Holderness
coastline are small and do not
provide a buffer to the storms. Human Erosion The building of sea walls leads to increased erosion of unprotected areas. The majority of the causes of erosion are physical, but human interference is worsening the problem. Building groynes has led to a build up
of sand in certain areas such as Mappleton. This has led to deprivation of beaches further down the coast. The depletion of beaches further
downstream has led to there being no
buffer for the waves and therefore cliff
erosion has increased. Social impacts Economic impacts 3 Seaside towns are under threat of disappearing into the sea Local people could
see a disruption to their
gas services as Easington
and Dimlington gas terminals
are under threat. 32 villages have already been lost to the sea The main road connecting Hornsea and Withernsea is under threat Homes and businesses near the cliff edge have fallen into the sea Lifeboat centre at Spurn point is also under threat The seaside towns of Hornsea and Withernsea provide services and are the centres of the tourism industry in the area. Some of the best agricultural land in England is located near to the coast. Easington gas station is under threat. This is of strategic importance to the economy. Several caravan sites near the edge
are in danger. These sites are important for
the local tourism industry. The erosion of the beach is having
an impact as it is a key tourist attraction. The main road connecting
Hornsea and Withernsea
is of economic importance. The lifeboat centre at Spurn Point
is used to guide ships carrying goods into the
Humber estuary. Tourists are struggling with the erosion of footpaths. Climate change and rising sea levels
are having an effect on coastal erosion.
This video explains this and also talks about the rock type near Aldborough, a small settlement near the centre of the Holderness coastline. By Phil Newbold
Full transcript