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The Colonization of New Zealand: The Maori and the Pakeha
Transcript of The Colonization of New Zealand: The Maori and the Pakeha
The Maori and Pakeha
The Maori welcome the Pakeha
The Maori welcomed the Pakeha for many reasons. The Pakeha taught the Maori how to read and write. The Maori adapted their ways of life with the new technology the Pakeha brought such as iron tools, guns, pottery, woolen cloth, and domesticate animals. The Pakeha showed them new agricultural practices and new crops that thrived in New Zealand like potatoes. Another reason the Maori welcomed the Pakeha for was the ability to trade with them.
Results of Exposure to Europeans
Why could the Maori only sell their land to the colonial government?
What did the Treaty of Waitangi give the British? What did the Maori get in return?
What were two significant victories of the Maori in the 1990's?
One of the great and significant victories of the Maories during this time was , Jenny Shipley being elected as New Zealand’s first woman prime minister. This was something that the Maori people were very proud of as well as grateful.
Secondly, as well as Jenny Shipley’s prime minister position, Louise Chipley Slavicek brought joy to her people too. She has written many articles for young people’s magazines which included:
The Sale of Land to Settlers
The Maori and the Pakeha had two very different perspectives when it came to the "sale" of land. The Maori did not believe that any person could have absolute ownership of the land. To the Maori, they were allowing Europeans to settle on a piece of land in exchange for goods. However, to the Europeans, they saw this as a land transaction that granted them full ownership over the land. Since the Maori wanted trade, these types of "sales" happened often. The Maori did not understand that they were giving up their land to the Europeans just like the Europeans did not understand that the Maori were merely leasing the land.
Some Background Info
Who are the Pakeha and what does Pakeha mean?
According to the Maori, a First Nation group in New Zealand, the word Pakeha means people of European descent.
What were the Land Wars about? What happened after the wars ended?
Why did the Maori regret signing the treaty?
Why are the Maori still resentful?
The Maori people still remain bitter and angry today, and they sure are not the blame for it. Like most aboriginal people, their culture and lives have been changed forever, unwillingly. Most of the Maori people’s land had been taken from them or sold. The Europeans had come in and invaded their properties, not caring whether or not this would be affecting these people’s world.
What are some of the challenges the Maori still face?
The Maori people still face employment issues. The job rates are higher than that of the Pakeha and their average income is lower as well.
Also, improving educational and job opportunities for the Maori still remains a top priority for New Zealands government.
There were numerous changes that happened with the Maori due to European exposure. European diseases like typhoid wreaked havoc on native Maori populations. Their traditional culture began to weaken as they became used to and dependent upon European goods and technology. War increased as the Maori refused to sell their land to Europeans and the surplus of guns fueled with wars. The best agricultural Maori lands were confiscated which violated the Treaty of Waitangi (1840). As the British began to colonize New Zealand the Maori were excluded from political life. With no political power and their lands being confiscated, a lot of Maori people fell into poverty. Beneficial results were the advanced tools and technology the Maori got from the British and the increased trade.
The treaty gave the British formal control of New Zealand, and in return the Maori were promised all the privileges and rights of British subjects.
The Maori could only sell their land to colonial government to end confusion over land rights in New Zealand, supposedly this arrangement would protect the islanders from unscrupulous land speculators.
They discovered local government officials were reselling their land for many times more than the original price. And an endless stream of Pakeha who came to the islands after New Zealand became a British colony alarmed them. By 1860, more Pakeha than Maori lived in New Zealand.
Some Maori people vowed to stop selling land to the British. Fighting broke out between the tribes and government forces. These land wars, as the skirmishes between the Maori and the British came to be known, dragged out for 12 years. They were out numbered and out gunned, the Maori tribes finally surrendered in 1872. After the war the colonial government confiscated much Maori territory, including agricultural land.