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France

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Samantha Fajardo

on 15 May 2014

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Transcript of France

By: Fazari and Frati
Fr
an
ce

Geography
Climate
- Generally cool winters and mild summers

- Mild winters and hot summers along the Mediterranean

Summer (July - August): The average temperature stays at 25°C.

Autumn (October - December): The average temperature is from 15°C to 10°C. Night time temperature drops to 8°C.

Winter (January): 6°C to 1°C. The city often sees snow.

Spring (May): The average temperature is around 20°C.
Methods of Transportation
Demographics
Developed

GDP = 2.773 trillion USD

GDP Per Capita = $35,520
Population = 65.43 million

Population growth = 0.5%

0-14 years: 18.7% (male 6,285,130/female 5,998,821)

15-64 years: 63.9% (male 20 954 160/female 20 937 651)

65 years and over: 17.5% (male 4,857,441/female 6,597,489)
Major Cities
1 - Paris (largest city) (Capital)
2 - Marseille
3 - Lyon
4 - Toulouse
5 - Nice
Located in western Europe, between Belgium and Spain, southeast of the UK; bordering the Mediterranean Sea, between Italy and Spain
Natural Resources
Coal

Iron ore

Bauxite

Zinc

Uranium

Potash

Gypsum

Timber

Fish
History
1789 - French Revolution

1793 - Napoleon Bonaparte was named a general during the war with Prussia and Austria

1852 - Louis Napoleon Bonaparte declared himself Emperor Napoleon III

1870 - France declared war on Prussia and Emperor Napoleon III is overthrown

1914-1918 - World War I, Germany invades France

1939 - France and the United Kingdom declare war on Germany starting World War II

1940 - German troops enter Paris

1944 - Allied troops regain Paris and Charles De Gaulle becomes head of a provisional government
Politics
The government of the France is a semi-presidential system

Semi-presidential system - a system of government in which a popularly elected fixed term president exists alongside a prime minister and Cabinet who are responsible to the legislature of a state.
Government Parties
Left Wing
Right Wing
Europe Ecology – The Greens (Europe Écologie – Les Verts)
The Socialist Party (French: Parti socialiste). largest party of the French center-left
The Left Party (Parti de Gauche)
The Radical Party of the Left (French: Parti Radical de Gauche)
The Union for a Popular Movement (Union pour un Mouvement Populaire)
The Rally for the Republic (Rassemblement pour la République)
The Union for French Democracy (Union pour la Démocratie Française
New Centre (Nouveau Centre)
- Is the 24th and current President of France and Co-Prince of Andorra. Assumed office on May 15 2012

- Born on August 12 1954 (age 58)

- Socialist Party
François Hollande
Jean-Marc Ayrault
- Is the Prime Minister of France, appointed on 16 May 2012

- Born on January 25 1950 (Age 63)

- Socialist Party
Major Religions
France is a country where freedom of religion and freedom of thought are guaranteed by virtue of the 1789 Declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen.

The main religions of France are:

Roman Catholic 83%-88%
Muslim 5%-10%
unaffiliated 4%
Protestant 2%
Jewish 1%
Religious Practices
The president is directly elected by the French people every five years. The French Constitution declares him head of state and gives him control over foreign policy and defense.

The prime minister serves as head of government and is in charge of domestic policy and day-to-day governing. He also recommends for presidential approval.
(TGV Train) There is a total of 31,939 kilometres of railway in France.
Cycling is a popular mode of transportation in Paris. There are 20,000 bicycles available at hire points throughout the city.
Paris bus lines are the most developed form of transport, interconnecting all points of the capital and its closest suburban cities.
The French natural and man-made waterways network is the largest in Europe extending to over 8,500 kilometres
There are 1,000,960 km of roads in France. France is believed to be the most car dependent country in Europe. (85%)
Railways
Cycling
Bus
Waterways
Cars
Average life expectancy = 81.77

Men = 78.46

Woman = 84.95
White people or European (85%)

North African people (10%)

Arabic people (3.5%)

Asian people (1.5%)
Ethnic Makeup
Population
Education System
Education is compulsory in France from the ages of 6 to 16, but a large majority of children start school well before the minimum age, often as young as two years old.
kindergarten (Ecole Maternelle) - age 2 to 6.
Primary school (Ecole primaire) - ages 6 to 11.
Middle school (Collège) - aged 11 to 15.
High School (Lycée) - grades 10 to 12

Vocational high school (Lycée professionnel) - Specialty high schools that focus on trade.
Subcultures
Trading Relationship with Canada
France is Canada’s third largest trading partner in Europe. In 2011, Canada-France merchandise trading growth by 12% to 8.6 billion Canadian dollars. Exports were amounting to 2.1 billion and imports to 5.5 billion.
International Trade
Imports
Exports
Canadian services = $1.9 billion

Machinery and equipment = $557.8 million

Wood pulp, scrap paper = $72.2 million

Electronics = $171.3 million

Pharmaceuticals = $148.9 million
French Services = $2.2 billion

Pharmaceuticals = $954.6 million

Aircraft and parts = $767.6 million

Beverages, vinegar = $545.4 million

Oils, perfumes, cosmetics = $241.1 million
Currency
Euro: 1 EUR = 1.34 CAD
Language
Difference
Hello - Bonjour

How are you? - comment allez-vous

Nice to meet you - ravi de vous rencontrer

Business - entreprise

Hope to see you later - A plus tard

Thank you - merci

Profit - résultat

Distribution - la distribution

Sales plan - planifier ventes

Goodbye - au revoir
Non-Verbal Communication
Shaking Hand
Counting
"OKAY"
Eye Contact
Shaking Hands is used frequently in the business world when meeting someone for the first time. If you leave the room without shaking hands, it is disrespectful. Americans typically use a firm handshake whereas the French handshake is quick and light with no pumping motions.
Counting on the hand in America usually starts with the index finger. In France, the thumb is the first counter, the index is the second counter, and the middle finger is the third counter etc.

The "Okay" sign in America is made with the thumb and the index finger. In France, this means "zero."

In France, eye contact is only used amongst friends, business partners and family member. If you keep eye contact with a stranger it is considered too personal and rude.
- Meals are served on Christmas Eve by Catholic families who attend midnight Mass. (salmon, oysters, turkey, and la bûche de noël cake).

- In many regions, crêpes are eaten on February 2, the Feast of the Virgin.

- In many rural regions, it is still common for families to slaughter a pig each winter and make sausages, patés, hams, roasts, and chops for freezing.
Higher Education - University

(grandes écoles) - Higher education establishments outside the main framework of the French university system.

- The grandes écoles select students for admission based on national ranking in competitive written and oral exams.

- focus on engineering, sciences or business.

- St Jacques Louis Le Grand
Business Etiquette
Punctuality is treated very casually in France. Being fifteen minutes late is perfectly acceptable and the further south you travel, the more flexible this becomes.
Punctuality
Scheduling Practices
Business meetings can be scheduled during any meal, but lunch is best.

If you would like to schedule a meeting, consider:
- how long the meeting will take
- where the meeting will occur
- who needs to attend

Remember that scheduling a meeting may take more than one call or email if there are multiple people involved.

If the meeting is more than a week away, call or email within 24 hours before the appointment to confirm.
Gift Giving
Business Meeting/Negotiation
Time Perception
Spatial Perception
Dress/Wardrobe
Forms of Greeting
Gift giving is left to the foreigner’s discretion.

Good gifts to present include books or music, as they demonstrate interest in intellectual pursuits.

Don't be overly concerned about whether your gift is too expensive or inexpensive: select something you think the recipient will appreciate.

French business etiquette dictates that you don’t include your business card with a gift.
French people address each other with Monsieur (Mr), Madame (Mrs), and Mademoiselle (Ms), without a surname.

If you do not speak French, it is very important that you apologize for your lack of knowledge.

Learn phrases in French because it will demonstrate your interest for developing a relationship.

Be sensitive to the volume of your voice.

Courtesy is a must.

During meetings, people are more prone to interupt, and engage the speaker in a debate or argument. (Builds relationship)

Do not show any impatience or a confrontational attitude, as it can be seen as a sign of being unprofessional.
The french are a polychronic time oriented society.
Space is essential to the French, in which they enjoy an open amount of space.

Public space - Just met, more space.

Private space - More acquainted, less space.
- The French are very conscientious of their appearance.

- Dress conservative and invest in well-tailored clothing.

- Patterned fabrics and dark colors are most acceptable, but avoid bright colors.

- French businessmen do not loosen their ties or take off their jackets in the office.

- Women should also avoid any glitzy or overpowering objects, such as flashy jewelry.
- Greet everybody with bonjour or bonsoir (good morning and good evening)

- Always shake hands when meeting someone, as well as when leaving.

- Exchange business cards after initial introductions. (French translation)

- Eye contact is important when greeting

- Once the French become more comfortable with a person, a double cheek kiss, especially by women is a more acceptable greeting. (right side first)
Fun Facts
French toast and french fries aren’t French inventions.
More than 15,000 people were beheaded at the guillotine.
France is famous for having many castles, palaces and manors. It's said to have around 40,000 castles.
The Louvre was a medieval fortress and the palace of the kings of France before becoming a museum two centuries ago.
One of the most popular symbols in France is the Eiffel tower which is a famous tourist attraction that stands at 300 meters tall.
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Chateau de Vitre
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- Goths



- Punks



- Hipsters
Bibliography
http://www.climate-zone.com/climate/france/

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Geography_of_France#Natural_resources

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Francehttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Transport_in_France

http://www.findfast.org/history-and-events-timeline-france.htm

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_France

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/President_of_France

http://www.slate.com/articles/news_and_politics/explainer/2002/04/whats_the_difference_between_frances_president_and_prime_minister.html

http://www.indexmundi.com/france/demographics_profile.html

http://www.parl.gc.ca/Content/LOP/ResearchPublications/2011-127-e.htm

http://www.canadainternational.gc.ca/france/bilateral_relations_bilaterales/canada_france_comm_brief_resume.aspx

http://cody-meyer.blogspot.ca/2011/09/nonverbal-communication-in-france.html

http://acad.depauw.edu/~mkfinney/teaching/Com227/culturalportfolios/france/newfrance/nonverbal.htm

http://confessedtravelholic.com/2011/05/69-fun-facts-about-france-2.html
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