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The History Of OSH In Malaysia Between 1967-1994

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Kirthana Kareegalan

on 7 July 2015

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Transcript of The History Of OSH In Malaysia Between 1967-1994

OBJECTIVES
FACTORIES AND MACHINERY ACT 1967

Control of factories operations with respect to safety
, health and welfare of persons.
Registration & inspection of machinery
Only cover OSH in the manufacturing, mining, quarrying,works
of engineering and construction
OBJECTIVES OF OSHA
To secure the safety and welfare of persons at work againts risks out of the activities at work
To protect person at a place of work other than persons at work againts risks out of the activities at work
To promote an occupational environment for persons at work which is adapted to their physiological needs
To provide the means to be progressively replaced by a system of regulations and approved industry codes to maintain or improve the standards of safety and health
Summary
To make further provision for securing that safety, health and welfare of persons at work, for protecting others against risks to safety or health in connection with the activities of persons at work
AN INTRODUCTION
What is occupational health and safety?
Occupational health and safety is concerned with protecting the safety, health and welfare of people engaged in work or employment.

The History Of OSH In Malaysia Between 1967-1994
FACTORIES AND MACHINERY ACT 1967
ARRANGEMENT FMA 1967 divided into 6 parts

-Preliminary
-Safety, health and welfare
- Persons-in-charge and certificates of competency
- Notification of accidents, dangerous occurrence and
dangerous diseases
-Notice of occupation of factory and registration and
use of machinery
-General

REGULATIONS UNDER THIS ACT ARE;
Factories and Machinery (Person-In-Charge) Regulations, 1970
Factories and Machinery (Safety, Health and Welfare) Regulations, 1970
Factories and Machinery (Steam Boiler and Unfired Pressure Vessel) Regulations, 1970
Factories and Machineries (Lead) Regulations, 1984
Factories and Machineries (Asbestos Process)Regulations,1986
Factories and Machinery (Building Operations and Works of Engineering Construction) (Safety) Regulations, 1986
Factories and Machinery (Noise Exposure) Regulations,1989
Factories and Machinery (Mineral Dust) Regulations, 1989
Occupational Safety and Health (Employers' Safety and Health General Policy Statements) (Exception) Regulations 1995
Occupational Safety and Health (Control of Industry Major Accident Hazards) Regulations 1996
Occupational Safety and Health (Safety and Health Committee) Regulations 1996
Occupational Safety and Health (Classification, Packaging and Labelling of Hazardous Chemicals) Regulations 1997
Occupational Safety and Health (CLASSIFICATION, LABELLING AND SAFETY DATA SHEET OF HAZARDOUS CHEMICALS) REGULATIONS 2013
Occupational Safety and Health (Safety and Health Officer) Regulations 1997
Occupational Safety and Health (Safety and Health Officer) Order 1997

Occupational Safety and Health (Prohibition of Use of Substance) Order 1999
Occupational Safety and Health (Use and Standards of Exposure of Chemicals Hazardous to Health) Regulations 2000
Occupational Safety and Health (Notification of Accident, Dangerous Occurrence, Occupational Poisoning and Occupational Disease) Regulation 2004
REGULATIONS UNDER THIS ACT
THANK YOU
PRESENT BY:
GAYATIRI
SYAFIKA
MURALI
ATIQAH
ABIL
In the year 1967, the Factory and Machinery Act

was approved by the Parliament.
The fact that the Factory and Machinery Act 1967 only covers occupational safety and health in the manufacturing, mining, quarrying and construction industries, whereas the other industries are not covered.

In 1970, the Factory and Machinery Act and eight regulations under the act were enforced. This act was legislated to overcome the weaknesses in the Machinery Ordinance 1953

This era also witnessed the existence of a few important activities and sections like the formation of the Anti-Pollution Section in the year 1971; formation of Industrial Hygiene and upgrade of its status to Industrial Hygiene Section in the year 1980 and start of petroleum safety activities with the formation of Petroleum Safety Section in the year 1985

Regulations (Safety Measures) (Transportation of Petroleum By Pipelines) 1985 have been fully enforced by the department.

Suggestion to establish a National Institute Of Occupational Safety and Health had been carried forward by the department to the National Advisor Council Of Occupational Safety and Health in the year 1985.
The Cabinet approve the establishment of the institute in 1991 and its opening was officiated by the Minister Of Human Resource on December 1992

After the reorganisation of the Department in 1969, a lot of changes have taken place due to the country’s speedy economic development and the enforcement of laws related to the department.




The new legislation on occupational safety and health was made in the year 1994. Occupational
Safety and Health Act 1994 (Act 514) was approved by the Parliament in 1993 and was gazetted on February 1994. This legislation was made considering the fact that the Factory and Machinery
Act 1967 only covers occupational safety and health in the manufacturing, mining, quarrying
and construction industries, whereas the other industries are not covered.
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