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SS9IR2-P2-catriona

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catriona campbell

on 24 October 2012

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Transcript of SS9IR2-P2-catriona

Industrial Revolution Agricultural reforms Transportation Economic Revolution Mechanization Society &Culture INTRO -The industrial revolution started in the 1700 -Had global impact -Colonies become of major importance due to raw rescourses -Large areas were used for faming mass production -Seed drill was invented in 1701 -Crop rotation ( turnips, barly, grasses, wheat )
= 4 times as much crops -New bigger and better breeds of animals were made = An increase in population -Textile industy: wool and cotton industry developed in England Flying Shuttle-1733: made by John Kay
-it wove yarn and cotton Spinning Jenny-1764: made by James Hargreve
-allowed people to spin alot of wool really quickly -Manufacturing got bigger and bigger factories were needed Inventions: = these inventions put many people out of work Thomas Neveomen: figured out that compressed steam could power pumps that take water out of mines James Watt: refined the process and created a mechanical steam engine Abraham Darby : makes cast iron in 1750
= cheaper to produce IRON & COAL INDUSTRY -essential for idustrialization
-used in steam engines Dangers (coal mining) -gas and explotions
-toxic gass =ling deseise - transportation is the lifeblood of all trade -roads were muddy and many places/colonies not accessable -some good could be shiped by sea or river
-most inland travel waas done by pack horse=1700's SOLUTIONS Turnpike system: Private companies buit roads and toll people to use it -roads wer built using layers of stone =Increase in speed of travel Canal System: artificial waterways used to transport raw materials Steam engine locomotives: fast transportation of goods to markets and towns. Up to the speed of 39km/h
-at the time the fastestest invention -was called "The rocket Railways" Upper Class: had access to "right" schools, churches and shops
-people kept track of who was a part of the upper class The british society was really based on class system Middle Class: people with money or from the miliatry
ex. doctor, engineer & lawyer
-university degree would promote you to middle class Lower Class "white clollar"
-people who worked in stores or owned small shops like a family buisness
ex. teachers were middle class Working Class: people who worked in trade or labour
-unskilled work Role of women in the industrial Age -women who stayed in the contyside had to work in the feilds for little money
-women who moved to the cities and worked for factories were very underpaid The poor -slum areas developed on the city where the poor had to go
-crime and desiease spread through these areas Charity: given by the parish
-they made conditions bad so people wouldn't want to get charity Cottage Industry -peopel were paid by capitalists to make goods out of their homes Ex. textiles GOOD : could work at home & manage families
-stay living in their community DISADVANTAGES: often had to work long hours
-low pay because almost anyone could do it
-clothiers could set the prices =the law of supply & demand The development of new machines destroyed the cottage industry
-manufactoring was much quicker with machines

=production moved into factories = The Factory System -creation of cities around factories made britian the wealthiest contry in the world BUT -people were forced to live in cramped cities
-had low wages
-horrible working conditions in factories
Ex. abuse, easily desposed Child labour -they were forced to work because they did't have other options
-children were small and could fit into macheinery
-boys were recruted to clean chimneys The living standard of children dunring the Industrial Revolution wasn't very good.
-many lost hearing and had stunted growth The Factory Act -act of 1802
-made it illegal for children to work more than 12h strait in cotton mills
-1819: illegal to hire a child under the age of 9 (no enforcement =problem) -1824: workers association became legal and labour union became legal -buisness people believed in the "laissez faire" style of economics By: Catriona
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