Loading presentation...

Present Remotely

Send the link below via email or IM


Present to your audience

Start remote presentation

  • Invited audience members will follow you as you navigate and present
  • People invited to a presentation do not need a Prezi account
  • This link expires 10 minutes after you close the presentation
  • A maximum of 30 users can follow your presentation
  • Learn more about this feature in our knowledge base article

Do you really want to delete this prezi?

Neither you, nor the coeditors you shared it with will be able to recover it again.



No description

catriona campbell

on 24 October 2012

Comments (0)

Please log in to add your comment.

Report abuse

Transcript of SS9IR2-P2-catriona

Industrial Revolution Agricultural reforms Transportation Economic Revolution Mechanization Society &Culture INTRO -The industrial revolution started in the 1700 -Had global impact -Colonies become of major importance due to raw rescourses -Large areas were used for faming mass production -Seed drill was invented in 1701 -Crop rotation ( turnips, barly, grasses, wheat )
= 4 times as much crops -New bigger and better breeds of animals were made = An increase in population -Textile industy: wool and cotton industry developed in England Flying Shuttle-1733: made by John Kay
-it wove yarn and cotton Spinning Jenny-1764: made by James Hargreve
-allowed people to spin alot of wool really quickly -Manufacturing got bigger and bigger factories were needed Inventions: = these inventions put many people out of work Thomas Neveomen: figured out that compressed steam could power pumps that take water out of mines James Watt: refined the process and created a mechanical steam engine Abraham Darby : makes cast iron in 1750
= cheaper to produce IRON & COAL INDUSTRY -essential for idustrialization
-used in steam engines Dangers (coal mining) -gas and explotions
-toxic gass =ling deseise - transportation is the lifeblood of all trade -roads were muddy and many places/colonies not accessable -some good could be shiped by sea or river
-most inland travel waas done by pack horse=1700's SOLUTIONS Turnpike system: Private companies buit roads and toll people to use it -roads wer built using layers of stone =Increase in speed of travel Canal System: artificial waterways used to transport raw materials Steam engine locomotives: fast transportation of goods to markets and towns. Up to the speed of 39km/h
-at the time the fastestest invention -was called "The rocket Railways" Upper Class: had access to "right" schools, churches and shops
-people kept track of who was a part of the upper class The british society was really based on class system Middle Class: people with money or from the miliatry
ex. doctor, engineer & lawyer
-university degree would promote you to middle class Lower Class "white clollar"
-people who worked in stores or owned small shops like a family buisness
ex. teachers were middle class Working Class: people who worked in trade or labour
-unskilled work Role of women in the industrial Age -women who stayed in the contyside had to work in the feilds for little money
-women who moved to the cities and worked for factories were very underpaid The poor -slum areas developed on the city where the poor had to go
-crime and desiease spread through these areas Charity: given by the parish
-they made conditions bad so people wouldn't want to get charity Cottage Industry -peopel were paid by capitalists to make goods out of their homes Ex. textiles GOOD : could work at home & manage families
-stay living in their community DISADVANTAGES: often had to work long hours
-low pay because almost anyone could do it
-clothiers could set the prices =the law of supply & demand The development of new machines destroyed the cottage industry
-manufactoring was much quicker with machines

=production moved into factories = The Factory System -creation of cities around factories made britian the wealthiest contry in the world BUT -people were forced to live in cramped cities
-had low wages
-horrible working conditions in factories
Ex. abuse, easily desposed Child labour -they were forced to work because they did't have other options
-children were small and could fit into macheinery
-boys were recruted to clean chimneys The living standard of children dunring the Industrial Revolution wasn't very good.
-many lost hearing and had stunted growth The Factory Act -act of 1802
-made it illegal for children to work more than 12h strait in cotton mills
-1819: illegal to hire a child under the age of 9 (no enforcement =problem) -1824: workers association became legal and labour union became legal -buisness people believed in the "laissez faire" style of economics By: Catriona
Full transcript