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Immigration and Undocumented Individuals Right to Citizenship
Transcript of Immigration and Undocumented Individuals Right to Citizenship
Solving this problem can solve various other social problems for immigration such as poverty.
Immigrants are an at-risk population and understanding their problems is essential for social workers. Why Study This Problem? Why Focus on This Solution? The DACA plan ensures that undocumented citizens meeting the criteria will not be deported away from the society that they know.
The plan also puts emphasis to re-introduce the DREAM Act which will ultimately grant citizenship through higher education obtainment.
This achievement will assist in breaking a cycle of poverty.
In 2000, the U.S. Census Bureau estimated that approximately 2.5 million undocumented youth under age of 18 were living in the United States. Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals (DACA)
Development, Relief and Education of Alien Minors Act (DREAM Act) This plan was established in June of 2012 by President Obama and is an initiative designed to temporarily suspend the deportation of young people residing unlawfully in the United States. This entails that they were brought to the United States as children, have graduated from United States schools. The plan also gives work permits to immigrants who apply and met the criteria. The Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals (DACA) Plan The Development, Relief and Education of Alien Minors Act (DREAM Act) Introduced into senate on August 1, 2001.
Nationally has Failed, individually states have created their own DREAM Act.
Increased social action to re-introduce the act following Obama's DACA Plan. The DREAM act would allow undocumented students who meet in-state tuition requirements to access state financial aid for higher education. It would also provide resident status (i.e. a “green card”) upon completion of two years of college or service in the military. This is based on certain criteria:
Proof of arriving in the United States before age 16,
Proof of residence in the United States for at least five consecutive years since their date of arrival,
Be between the ages of 12 and 35 at the time of bill enactment,
And have graduated from an American high school, obtained a GED, or been admitted to an institution of higher education. On a federal level, the DREAM Act has been unsuccessful at passage. There are an estimated 12 million illegal immigrants in the United States, most of them Hispanics. The DACA plan is not a path towards citizenship. However, it is immunity towards being deported. The Facts The Facts More than 100,000 children were affected by parental deportation between 1997 and 2007.
At least 88,000 of these children were U.S. citizens.
217,000 other immediate family members were affected by the deportation.
The deportation of a parent has a negative impact on their U.S. citizen children.
According to a report from the Urban Institute, many families losing a parent to deportation experience housing instability and food insufficiency because of lost income.
Many parents also observed significant, adverse changes in their child’s behavior, such as changes in eating and sleeping habits, as well as increased crying.
Children’s grades in school also declined when faced with the loss of a parent to deportation. As social workers we have the responsibility to fight for equal rights and freedoms. Immigrants are marginalized. They suffer from various social problems such as poverty. Some states have already passed their own version of the DREAM Act in order for undocumented students to receive state aid and state tuition as they are not granted those freedoms. Without financial aid or in-state tuition, it is extremely difficult for undocumented students to afford to attend a public university. 11 states have passed DREAM Act
New Mexico New York
Wisconsin Who Decided This Was A Social Problem? Those that feel the affect of not being citizens
These individuals feel:
Further Information Strategies Used to Produce Success The decade long battle to pass the DREAM Act brought advocates to keep immigration on the political agenda. The DACA initiative was a result from the political pressure to solve the problem. The Latino vote was also a reason to pass the DACA plan.