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Kidney Stones

Brennan Schaenman Jake Benzaquen Tristan Chang
by

Brennan Schaenman

on 27 April 2010

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Transcript of Kidney Stones

Kidney Stones Symptoms Sudden, severe pain that swells and
gradually gets worse in waves. Stones
may cause intense pain in the back,
side, abdomen, groin, and or genitals.
People who have suffered from kidney stone often describe the pain as "the worst pain I've ever had.
Nausea, and often times vomiting
Traces of blood found in the urine(hematuria) Frequent, and painful urination
when the stone is in the ureter or after the stone has left the bladder and is in the urethra Interesting Facts
The largest known kidney stone
weighed 1.36 kilograms. The smallest kidney stones are microscopic
crystals; it is possible to analyze stones weighing less than 0.1 mg.
 
Kidney stones come in virtually any
color; but most are yellow to brown. The shape and size of the stone may tell something about how it was formed. Incidence of People
Systems it Affects
Cause Prognosis and Treatment
Before During
Excretory system Kidney is in excretory system, and stone either passes through urinary tract (ureter to bladder to urethra) or causes pain to lower back (kidney area) (flank), groin, abdomen, side of torso, and genitalia 10% of people will have it during some time in their life Survival rate is 100%, a kidney stone has never been fatal After •Most just pass through urinary tract within 48 hours •Pain meds used for relief •Narcotics used when pain gets worse •IV pain meds used when vomiting and nausea start •Meds used to help stones pass easier •Calcium channel blockers (dilate blood passageways to help heart use less oxygen to pump blood because it is thinner and prob helps heart pump blood harder to help stones get extra push through urinary tract)- ex: nifedipine (Found in Adalat •Alpha blockers (almost same as ccbs, just block alpha receptors in smooth muscle in arteries in body tissue, cause arteries to widen (dilate) and lower blood pressure)- ex: tamsulosin (Found in Flomax) •Lithotripsy- shock waves used to break stones into smaller pieces that can pass through urinary system •Surgery also used as last resort
•Small incision in skin, known as percutaneous nephrolithotomy or through ureteroscope, instrument that passes through urethra and bladder into ureter High Blood Pressure Treatment - Alpha-blockers on MedicineNet." Medicine Net. Web. 27 Apr. 2010. <http://www.medicinenet.com/high_blood_pressure_treatment/page11.htm>.
Ogbru, Omudhome. "Calcium Channel Blockers (CCBs)- Drug Class, Medical Uses, Medication Side Effects, and Drug Interactions by MedicineNet.com." Medicine Net Calcium Channel Blockers (CCBs). Medicine Net. Web. 27 Apr. 2010. <http://www.medicinenet.com/calcium_channel_blockers/article.htm>.
Stoppler, Melissa C. "Kidney Stones - What Is the Treatment for Kidney Stones on MedicineNet." Medicine Net. Ed. William C. Shiel. Web. 27 Apr. 2010. <http://www.medicinenet.com/kidney_stone/page3.htm>. Corpi, Janet. "What Are Kidney Stones?" EHealthMD.com. Jan. 2003. Web. 27 Apr. 2010. <http://www.ehealthmd.com/library/kidneystones/KS_whatis.html>. "Kidney Stones-Cause." WebMD - Better Information. Better Health. Web. 27 Apr. 2010. <http://www.webmd.com/kidney-stones/kidney-stones-cause>. Works Cited •Salts and mineral build up
•Builds up in ureter or bladder connection to rectum
•Can stop flow and be painful
•Dehydration can be a cause
•Family history is a cause
oInherited
•Vomit is a symptom
•Most are calcium
•Intestinal surgery
•Inflammatory bowel disease
•Hormones cause overproduction of calcium
•Gout
oInflammation of joints
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