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Multicultural Celebrations

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by

Jose Rodriguez

on 13 December 2013

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Transcript of Multicultural Celebrations

Hanukkah
Hanukkah, or Festival of light, is the celebration of the re dedication of the Holy temple. To celebrate, people take candles and put them on menorahs or Hanukiahs, they both have 8 branches, plus one, which is a little higher than most, that one is called the shamash, you light that one and keep it on, then you use that one to light the others, ever day.
This goes on for 8 days, during those 8 days, the children receive gifts, they usually eat fried food, one of these are latkes, which are potato pancakes with onions in them. they also eat deep fried jelly-filled donuts, yum. last, but not least, they play dreidel, which is like a top with jewish words on the sides
Diwali
Diwali is called the festival of lights, it is meant to symbolize the victory of good over evil. it takes about 5 days to properly prepare it, it begins with people cleaning, renovating and decorating their houses, then when Diwali night comes, they dress in their best outfit, light up lamps, and pray to their god of wealth, Lakshmi, then, fireworks follow, then a family feast and gift exchanges.
Introduction
Truly, this is a wonderful world. We have many different countries and cultures, all of them with at least one special holiday for them, it is truly fascinating
These are a few out of the many fascinating holidays.
El dia de los muertos
History
Long ago, an evil ruler, called Antichous IV took over the Jewish and forced his believes onto them but the Jewish stood strong, and while others converted, others didn't, so they planned to take back the Holy temple. they were few against many, but miraculously, they won. they tore he altar of Zeus down and put up the altar of Jesus, but they only had enough oil to light the candles for one day, but again, Miraculously, that oil burned for 8 days, enough time for them to find more oil.
Evolution
This tradition was mostly left untouched through the years. but there were some rearrangements, for example, instead of candles, they used oil before. and they didn't give presents away, but they did this to prevent children to be envious of people who celebrate Christmas. Latkes were new, because before there were no potatoes in the land before. the giving of geld is not for celebration, it is a way to teach children to save 10% of all their earnings for charity and the such.
History
It's a Wonderful World
Multicultural Celebrations
Dia de los Muertos can be traced back to the Aztecs who celebrated with a festival for the goddess of the underworld, Mictecacihuatl, and the Catholic Spanish conquistadors’ All Saints' and All Souls' days. Scholars have noted the clever cultures of Mexico to honor the Lady of the Dead, the modern La Catrina, which many recognize today as a skeleton woman wearing a fancy hat.

According to the legend, La Catrina was a selfish, greedy rich woman who did nothing to help the poor. Many now mock her every year by dressing in clothing with jewels, painting their faces white and detailing features to look like a cartoon of a skeleton.
In Mexico, Halloween is replaced by "El dia de los Muertos" or "The Day of the Dead". This holiday is especially grim, because you get together with friends and family and pray for family who have died.
They make private altars where they put their offerings for the deceased, they usually are Sugar skulls, Marigold, and the deceased's person favorite food and drink.
sometimes (Although rarely) they leave the deceased's person possessions. this goes on for 2 days
History
It is very difficult to find out how Diwali came to be, no one is certain but the most well known story behind Diwali is about a prince who get sent into exile by his father, telling him to live in the forest for 14 years, then he can come back, and so he did with hi wife and brother, then, the evil king, lanka, stole the man's wife and traveled to his kingdom, the man fought Lanka and got his wife back, after that, the man went back to his kingdom, the people rejoiced at the return of their prince, so they lit their lamps, and decorated their city.
Evolution
This is one of the most untouched holidays there is, the only difference being that women make and prepare for the meals weeks in advance, the men would take care of the cleaning of rooms, clothes, etc. as well as rearranging the house and the children would be given the task to decorate the house.
Kwanzaa
Kwanzaa is actually a very young holiday, the first time anyone celebrated was in 1966 - 67. this holiday takes up a whole week, from December 26th to January 1st. the word Kwanzaa derives from the phrase "matunda ya kwanza" which means first fruit. this holiday usually includes songs and dances, African drums, storytelling, poetry reading, and a large traditional meal.
Children usually light one of the candles in the Kinara (Candle Holder) then one of the Nugo Saba (Seven principals) are dicussed.
History
This Holiday has very little history, since it was made in the mid 60's, but it was made by Dr. Mualena Karenga, then chairman of black studies at California State University in Long Beach. to "give Blacks an alternative to the existing holiday and give Blacks an opportunity to celebrate themselves and their history, rather than simply imitate the practice of the dominant society."
Evolution
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