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A tour in Australia
Transcript of A tour in Australia
Casasola Sara Today is the 10th August and we're leaving Italy for go to Australia!!! We're so excited and we can't wait to begin this journey.
We want to make a scrapbook about this journey.
But first... a little look to Australia ;) We're doing two tours in Australia: the first tour will highlight the physical geography of the country and some of Australia's most amazing geographic landmarks, the second will be a fascinating look at the different cultures found in Australia. First tour In the first tour we'll see five different places :) Step one: the Great Barrier Reef and the Coastline AUSTRALIA Australia is big and sparsely populated country and continent. Australians enjoys one of the highest standards of living in the world. Australians are predominately people of European decent, with a growing Asian population. Aboriginals make up less than one percent of the total. The country is democratic and stable. Governance extends to 6 mainland states. Tasmania is the only island state and there are 2 territories on the mainland: Northern Territory and the Australian Capital Territory. Australia has a number of dependent areas. Australia consists of plains and a number of mountain ranges, the biggest is the Great Dividing Range, the fourth longest mountain chain on Earth. Flora and fauna in Australia is unique and unusual. The country has one of the longest coastlines in the world, and is home to the biggest reef system on the planet, The Great Barrier Reef. We have just arrived at our first geographic destination, the Great Barrier Reef. We have been dropped off by the helicopter on a very small island. The Great Barrier Reef is the largest structure on Earth built entirely by animals. The Great Barrier Reef is actually made up of about 2,800 smaller reefs.
This natural wonder is larger than Ireland and Britain combined. It contains thousands of islands, most of which contain rainforests. Like the rainforests of Australia, the reefs have drastically declined due to human action.
The reef supports a wide range of marine life. We decide to go scuba diving to see the reef. The water is crystal and clear, and the climate is warm. We've never seen so many amazing fish and sea creatures in our life! What is scuba diving??? Scuba diving is a form of underwater diving in which a diver uses a scuba set to breathe underwater. Comment: that's great!!! Step 2: Ayers Rock and The Outback Welcome to the great Australian Outback! Hopefully we wore a few layers of clothing that you can peel off as the day becomes warmer. The Outback is one of the hottest places on Earth! The name “Outback” describes the hot and arid inland areas of Australia. Besides the Sahara, Australia’s desert areas are the largest in the world. To get to the Outback we have traveled very far from civilization. There are many fossils and aboriginal artifacts to be found in the Outback, but they are off limits to travelers! The Outback is also the site of much of Australia’s mining and oil production.
As we travel around the Outback, many strange and interesting animals cross our path. We see snakes, reptiles and small marsupials. We have now reached Ayer’s Rock. Ayer’s Rock is a huge, unusual rock formation called a “monolith.” Ayer’s Rock is the most famous monolith in the world. It is found in the Northern Territory of Australia. We are very physically fit, so you decide to climb to the top. The endless view is fabulous! Now we must continue our journey to the mountains! But... what is a monolithe??? A monolithe is an obelisk, a column or a large statue formed of a single block of stone. We have come to visit one of the most famous landmarks in Australia: the Blue Mountains. The Blue Mountains – so called because of the blue haze created by the eucalyptus oil in the air above the gum forests – are only 104 kilometers west of Sydney. The highest mountains on the Australian mainland are in an area known as the Snowy Mountains in New South Wales. We saw the view of the Snowy Mountains to the left when we were flying in the helicopter a couple days ago! Step 3: Mountains of Australia-Blue Mountain Step 4: the Rainforests Australia also has many tropical rainforests! The map to the right shows where most of the rainforest is located in Australia. The country used to have more rainforests, but three-fourths of them have been cleared away in the last 200 years. We are visiting the Daintree Rainforest in the southern part of the rainforest chain shown on the map above. This rainforest is believed to be the oldest rainforest in the world (110 million years old!). It is also the second largest rainforest in the entire world. Luckily we brought our rain gear because it is rainy, wet, and cold. The tour guide tells we that in the northern rainforests the weather is more dry and tropical. We come across many beautiful frogs and butterflies. Millions of other animals are also housed in the rainforest such as marsupials, birds, and reptiles. Step 5: Grasslands Grasslands dominate the vegetation over more than 20% of Australia, and occur in all states except Tasmania. Grasslands in Australia are found by the low-nutrient soils of sand plains and rocky low mountain ranges in the arid inland, but also occur on rocky outcrops along the coasts. They are spread all over the country! While leaving the rainforest, we must drive our jeep through one of these grassland areas. It is a much different environment from the rainforest! As we look around we we see diverse plant life; including short trees and bushes. Rainfall greatly effects the plants and grasses of the grassland. The grasslands of Australia receive significant rainfall, but it usually only rains once a season. There are some awesome Australian animals that live in the Australian grasslands. As we drive along in our jeep, we see one of the most prevalent of these animals: the Red Wallaby. Other animals that live in the Australian grasslands include the kangaroo, wombat, frilled lizard, and many species of birds. Now we will begin Tour 2, the cultural destinations!
But first, some photos of the animals!!! The Red Wallaby Two beautiful kangaroos :P Second tour Step 1: Western Australia Perth is the capital of Western Australia. Situated on the Swan River and only a few kilometers from the beaches, Perth enjoys a Mediterranean climate with more hours of sunshine than any other Australian capital. This is the first day of the tour. Our first destination is Western Australia. Western Australia covers one-third of the Australian continent that spans over 1 million square miles. It is made up of different climatic zones. When it is warm in the north of the state it is cool in the south. Western Australia is a primary producer of natural resources of gold, iron ore, gas and minerals. We will be spending our visit in the capital city of Perth. Perth is home to 1.38 million people and famous for it’s Cultural Center that features the State Library, Museum, and Art Gallery. The Cultural Center is one of the most popular attractions in Western Australia for visitors like we. Good news!! Public transport within the central city is free! Jump on the very popular CATS bus service and visit the next destination and Cultural Center. Step 2: Nothern Territory We have arrived in South Australia. Then we visit the capital city, Adelaide. During our stay here, we will be touring the Festival Center. The center provides space for statewide festivals including theaters and other venues. We will be watching a musical performance called “A Boy from OZ.” Step 3: South Australia Step 4: Queensland Welcome to beautiful Queensland, Australia’s “Sunshine State!” Queensland is a territory located in the north-eastern area of Australia. People of Queensland are described as friendly, easy-going, and laid back. The capital of this territory is Brisbane, the third largest city in all of Australia. The Great Barrier Reef (located in tour 1) is located right off the shore of Queensland and a famous spot to visit. The coasts and beaches are classified as some of the best beaches in the world and tie into Australia’s beach culture. Tropical rainforests are found all over the area as well as Australia’s famous outback. In the Queensland outback there is still evidence from ancient dinosaur herds. Popular activities for Queenslanders are surfing, scuba diving, sailing, soccer, and, an unusual past time, camel racing. We have finally arrived in New South Wales in south-eastern Australia. Did you know that the people living here are 17 hours ahead of us? Pretty weird! People’s lives here are very similar to American lives: same fashion, same homes, and same basically same everyday lives. Step 5: New South Wales The capital of New South Wales is Sydney. Sydney is the largest city in Australia and also the most well known by people all over the world. Sydney is described by many to be one of the most beautiful cities in the world. In a recent popular movie, “Finding Nemo,” Sydney was the main city in that movie. The Summer Olympics of the year 2000 also took place in this beautiful city. Probably the most famous feature of Sydney and an overall symbol of Australia is the Sydney Opera House. Outside of the city there are lots of other cultural activities to do. The largest open plain zoo is a fun place to visit in New South Wales. People here are big on sports, particularly rugby, cricket and soccer. A beautiful beach in Sydney Step 6: Victoria Finally! We have arrived in Victoria, Australia’s Garden State! Victoria is located in the south-east region of Australia and is geographically Australia’s smallest mainland state. Melbourne is Australia’s second largest city, next to Sydney, and has been compared to New York and London as a cultural capital of the world. Melbourne is known for its multicultural citizens and for the secret gardens that can be found throughout the city. Social life is big in Melbourne, which includes more than 3000 restaurants. Victoria is also famous for football (rugby) and every area has a team. Other sports enjoyed here are basketball, bush walking, cricket, and hockey. A world famous land sight of Victoria is the Great Ocean Road, a world class scenic drive on the coast. Step 7: Tasmania Welcome to Tasmania! Tasmania is a territory of Australia located off the south-east corner of the mainland. Tasmania holds the second oldest colonies of Australia, next to Sydney. The capital city is Hobart. Tasmania is a beautiful and very natural location. One of the world’s top ten beaches is located here, called Wineglass Bay, in the middle of a natural park. The world’s best small town is also located here, called Strahan, which has the second largest port next to Sydney. This was our last destination so proceed to the conclusion! We have arrived in the Northern Territory of Australia, capital city of Darwin. The territory covers about one sixth of the Australian continent that is equal to the combined areas of France, Spain, and Italy. There are two regions: The Top End and Central Australia. We will be adventuring The Top End Region. There are 70 different racial and cultural backgrounds. Isolated from other states, the Northern Territory is famous for their unique lifestyle. It has an easy-going atmosphere and cosmopolitan lifestyle. Multicultural mix is reflected in the food available at a variety of restaurants and open-air markets. Enjoy breakfast in the city, our next destination is Kakadu National Park. We will be traveling by road. The Great Barrier Reef and the Coastline Our favourite places of the trip The Rainforests Sydney Queensland THE END