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PASSIVE ADVANCED STRUCTURES

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Feryani Nacer

on 20 April 2015

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Transcript of PASSIVE ADVANCED STRUCTURES

PASSIVE ADVANCED STRUCTURES
Examples with SAID
Senior Disney designer Robert McDonnel is said to have created...
Passive Modals, gerunds & infinitives.
Modal verbs in the passive voice follow this pattern: Modal + be + past participle. There are many possibilities with modal verbs. This video gives a basic description of how to use them in the passive voice.
(modal verb) + be + past participle

PASSIVE STRUCTURES WITH KNOW, BELIEVE AND THINK.
The general relationship between the active form and the passive form is: .

X does Y

Y is done by X
Examples with BELIEVE
The Sun was believed to go round the Earth.
They believed that the Sun went round the Earth in the Middle Ages.
Coppenhagen is believed to be...
Travel agencies believe Coppenhagen is an ideal destination for a holiday.
CNN says senior Disney designer Robert McDonnel created a Disney-inspired fairy tale manor worth of $ 1.5 million.
Prisoners are said to have been tortured...
A former prison guard says that prisoners have been tortured in Georgia on a daily basis.
A woman in Ohio is said to have suffered...
A reporter says a woman in Ohio suffered a stroke after she found out that she had unknowingly married her absentee father.
Examples
I enjoy singing.
I drank a cup of coffee
before leaving.
Swimming is good exercise.
We decided to leave.
It's difficult to get up early.
I came to London to study English.
Forming passive sentences

1) TO GIVE

Verbs such as GIVE take both a DIRECT OBJECT and an INDIRECT OBJECT in two patterns:

A - VERB + INDIRECT OBJECT + DIRECT OBJECT
B - VERB + DIRECT OBJECT + PREPOSITION + INDIRECT OBJECT
These verbs have two corresponding passives:


ACTIVE

A - Alice gave us that vase

B - Alice gave that vase to us

Passive
We were given the vase (by Alice)

That vase was given (to) us (by Alice)
Exercise
People thought that the earth was flat.
It
was thought that the earth was flat.
People say that this house is haunted.
This house
is said to be haunted.
People often called him an idiot.
He
was often called an idiot.
People know that she has left the country.
She
is known to have left the country.
People said that there was a monster in the lake.
There
was said to be a monster in the lake.
Full transcript