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Leadership Styles

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Bryher Freer

on 7 March 2014

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Transcript of Leadership Styles

Leadership Styles
Advantages:

Speed, decisions are made quickly.
Disadvantages:

Team members only get talked to and 'Barked' at, they will start to resent this and feel that they have no say or freedom of speech, this can lead to absenteeism and staff turnover.
Services used by and situations used
Army- Infantry: when doing Basic training they have to 'Do it, and do it now' without questioning or arguing, this would also be used when on missions and in most other public services when doing Basic training.
Finish!

Any questions?

Unit: 2 Leadership and Teamwork
Task:1 - P1 P2 M1

P1- Describe different Leadership Styles and explain in which public service situation each style may be used.
P2- Identify the role of a leader.
M1- Compare different Leadership Styles in the public service sector, pointing out the similarities and differences in the styles and any impact the styles have on the roles they perform.


'Remember the difference between a boss and a leader;
a boss says 'Go!'
a leader says 'Let's go!'
- E.M.Kelly

Results tend to be better as more time has been spent on the decision and more members with different points of views have been able to contribute towards it.
Team members feel more involved as apart of an organization and in control of their own destiny, such as promotions they desire, and because of this they will feel more motivated to work hard



Service used by and situations used
Democratic leadership is used in the Police service, mainly by detectives asking ' What have we got' to their team members, this is a way of letting the team members share what they have found and what they think has happened and what they should do next.

Also would be used in the ambulance service when at the site of an accident, they will share their ideas on how would be best to treat casualties.
Authoritarian
This is an extreme form of transactional leadership, where the leader has absolute power over their team.

members of the team have very little opportunity to make suggestions, even if it would be better for the team.

For some routine and unskilled jobs, this style of leadership can work well and be effective where control is most important
Transformational
Transformational leaders act and serve as a role model for their followers and team members, known as Idealized Influence. e.g. They try to change people lives 'You want to be like them!'

They use Intellectual stimulation to encourage creativity.

Individualized consideration, which involves offering support and encouragement to individual followers so they feel free to share ideas.
they will also use Inspirational Motivation, this is a clear vision that they are able to articulate to followers. these leaders are also able to help followers experience the same passion and motivation to fulfill these goals.
also focuses on the teams performance as a whole and not just single team members.
Also known as Participative.
Although the leader will make the final decision, they will invite and welcome other team members to share their opinion and contribute towards the final decision.

This will improve the job satisfaction and will be involving all members and employees and helps to improve and develop people skills, such as:
Open-mindedness, communication, empathy, patience and self-awareness.
This style can be more suitable where team working is essential, and quality is more important that speed.
Democratic
because of including the whole team and having to discus and give views means that it will take longer and take a lot more time than if it was only the leader making the final choice.
Disadvantages:
Advantages:
Advantages:

makes people want to be the best they can and work harder for what they want, it also gives them a goal to aim for and work towards.

Disadvantages:

Could makes somebody too determined to achieve their goal and they could start making mistakes because they are rushing to complete their goal, this could prevent them from doing their duties properly.
This sort of leader can also only see the bigger picture and not the smaller details.
Service used in and situation used:

The SAS use Transformational leadership when doing basic training as they are encouraged and encourage others to progress together as a whole team.
Transactional
This is also known as managerial leadership and focuses on the role of supervision, organisation and group performance.

Transactional uses a rewards and punishment system, this helps enhance performance for the best work possible.
The relationship between a worker and manager is ''if you do something for me and i will give you something back'' this reward could be a pay rise or time off,
but if work is not completed you will get punished, this could be, extra work load or time, or doing a task you don't like doing
Advantage:

workers will be more motivated to complete duties properly and to a high standard as they want the reward.
They will follow their commands properly

Disadvantages:

Workers may not be encouraged to be creative or find solutions to problems when under Transactional leadership.
Service used in and situation used:
The armed forces mainly use this leadership style in general training and on tors, they would use this because they need their soldiers to work efficiently to orders better, the reward of promotion helps motivate them, but if not obeying the rules they will be punished.
The role of a team leader
To encourage and inspire their team to improve and develop so they can achieve
To do the best they can to keep their whole team safe.
To make the final decisions when deciding what their team will do next
A team leader is not the boss, they are the trusted person who leads their team into tasks and challenges
A leader should: have courage, compassion, adaptability, decisiveness, they should also have good communication, organisation, able to multi-tasking, good at planning, even if its last minute, but most of all they need to be motivating, both to their team and themselves.
Comparing
Authoritarian and Democratic
Authoritarian is l about speed and getting the job done as quick as possible without letting any of the team members have a say, as Democratic is about letting the team members share their views and what they think should happen. although both these leadership styles are very different the also share similarities such as: they both wont to achieve a goal or a outcome, help develop skills such as Independence and team working.
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