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Eating Disorders

AP Psychology Group Project Jessica and Landin are the best and amazingly beautiful

landin petersen

on 9 January 2013

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Transcript of Eating Disorders

- Binge eating of high-carbohydrate foods

- Eating until painfully full

- Loss of control over eating, with guilt and shame

- Going to the bathroom during meals

- Body weight that goes up and down

- Constipation, diarrhea, nausea, gas, abdominal pain

- Dehydration

- Damaged tooth enamel

- Bad breath

- Sore throat or mouth sores Jessica and Landin A Closer Look at Eating Disorders Causes 1. Family

2. Fashion Industry

3. Trauma Bulimia Nervosa An eating disorder characterized by episodes of overeating, usually of high-calorie foods, followed by vomiting, laxative use, fasting, or excessive exercise. Causes Like Anorexia:

-Fashion Influence

Unlike Anorexia:

-Genetically exposed

-Exposure to alcoholism, obesity, depression Effects Family Influence 1. Parenting Style

2. Mother's Self Image

3. Father/Femininity

4. Pitfalls Fashion Industry 1. Magazines

2. TV Shows, Movies Results In.... 1. Basic Trust vs. Mistrust - Anorexic Controls Parents
- Jealousy 3. Identity Vs. Role Diffusion 2. Intimacy Vs. Isolation -All problems stem from weight loss
-Emptiness -Perfectionism
-Obsessions An eating disorder in which a normal weight person (usually and adolescent female) diets and becomes significantly (15% or more) underweight, yet, still feeling fat, continues to starve. Effects 1. Short Term

2. Long Term Psychological Effects -Turning inward toward self-reassurance

-Withdrawal, "unreachable"

-Skewed psychological schemas

-Need for control

-Insecurities/Low self-esteem


-Ashamed of Self Anorexia Nervosa Stage 1: Wanting to be thin

Stage 2: Obsessive phase/weight loss

Stage 3: Psychological disorder

Stage 4: Anorexia fills her missing identity Any of a range of psychological disorders characterized by abnormal or disturbed eating habits Eating Disorders Short Term Long Term -Lowered body temperature and blood pressure - Slowed heart rate -Loss menses -Thinning hair -Fatigue -Extreme weight loss -Hospitalization -Metabolic rate -Recurring -Need of therapy -Pregnancy difficulties Treatments - Individual psychotherapy

- Group therapy

- Inpatient/Outpatient treatment

- Family therapy

- Couples therapy

- Self-help groups

- Medication Trauma 1. Abusive Relationships

2. Death

3. Sickness "50% of girls between the ages of 11 and 13 see themselves as overweight." "40% of individuals have either personally experienced an eating disorder or know someone who has." Body Image Study:
Barbara Fredrickson (1998) had university of Michigan men and women put on a sweater or a swimsuit and complete a math test while alone in a changing room.

For the women (but not the men) the swimsuit triggered self-consciousness and shame that disrupted their math performance Study:
Eric Steice and his colleagues (2001) gave some adolescent girls (but not others) a 15-month subscription to fashion magazine, Seventeen.

Vulnerable girls exhibited increased dissatisfaction with their bodies and eating disorder tendencies. Stage 1: Subject begins to diet and puts too many restriction on his/her daily intake

Stage 2: Subject breaks diet restrictions and starts to gorge

Stage 3: Subject craves all of the foods that they have been denying themselves

Stage 4: Subject begins to purge Treatments - Psychotherapy

- Family therapy

- Medication/Antidepressants

- Therapeutic massage

- Nutritional Supplements 1. Identical twins have a greater chance for experiencing the same eating disorder

2. Families of bulimia patients have higher than usual incidents of alcoholism, obesity and depression

3. People with bulimia have abnormal supplies of certain neurotransmitters that out them at risk for anxiety or depression Statistics - Depression

- Extreme exercising

- Missed periods or lack of menstrual periods Like Anorexia... - Extreme exercising Anorexia Bulimia Both Father neglects his daughter, lowering her self esteem A girl receives the Victoria's Secret catalog which makes her feel insecure about her body Father comes home drunk most nights Four years after her recovery, she still doesn't gets her period A girl notices that her friends has increasingly bad breath and noticeable mouth sores Mother notices that her daughter is constantly cold and her hair seems to be thinning A boy feels like he can no longer talk to his sister because she has withdrawn herself from the family A girl develops many obsessions A girl feels guilty after she breaks the restrictions of her diet Within three years of when satellites began beaming television signals to a remote region of Fiji in the south pacific, the percentage of teenage who used vomiting as a method to control their weight had quintupled.
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