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Hannibal presentation

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chaaben ben fradj

on 24 June 2015

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Transcript of Hannibal presentation

Invasion of Italy
The Battle of Zama
The battle of Zama occurred around 202BC
In 204 BC, after 15 years of war, Roman troops (led by Scipio) and the Numidians landed in North Africa with the goal of directly attacking Carthage.
This caused the withdrawal of Carthaginian troops from southern Italy to defend their home state
In this battle Hannibal was defeated by the Romans.
Hannibal opened the battle by ordering his elephants to charge the Roman lines, this move was already figured by the Romans
Hannibal was born in 248 BCE, Carthage Tunisia.
Died in 183BC or 181BC (64 or 66) In Gebze Turkey in the shore of Sea of Marmara.
son of Carthaginian general Hamilcar Barca.
At an early age Hannibal was taken to Spain, and he swore eternal hostility toward the Roman Empire.
At the age of 26, Hannibal was given command to lead the consolidate Carthaginian control of Iberia.
He later on married Imilce, who was an Iberian Princess, and he later on controlled many of the Iberian tribes.
Hannibal main city was "New City" which is now Cartagena.

219 BCE Hannibal led an attack on Saguntum (an ally of Rome) in Spain which started the Second Punic War
In the later 218BC, Hannibal marched through Pyrenees towards the Gaul which is now southern France, with more than 100,000 troops, and around 40 war elephants.
His 3 major victories was in Trebia, Trasimene and Cannae
Occupied southern Italy for 15 yrs.
Peace Agreement
War ended with peace agreement
Able to keep territories in North Africa but lost empires overseas
Fleet was surrendered
Owed large indemnity in silver
Forbidden to rearm and declare without permission from Rome
He was made a civil magistrate in the government of Carthage
Postwar Life
He was made a civil magistrate in the government of Carthage
Enacted political and financial reforms in able to pay the war indemnity imposed by Rome
Unpopular with the Carthaginian aristocracy
Secretly encouraging Antiochus III of Syria to take up arms against Rome
Got denounced by his opponents within the Carthaginian nobility
Fled to Syrian court at Ephesus and acted as military advisor to Antiochus III in war against Rome
Lost in Battle of Magnesia (190 BCE)
With Syria
With Bithynia
Fled to Bithynia in Asia Minor
Served as commander of the Bithynian fleet
Battle was between King Eumenes II of Pergamon (Roman territory) and King Prusias I of Bithynia
Catapulted pots with poisonous snakes into the enemy ships
Resulting in victory against a fleet from Pergamum
According to Polybius and Livy, Hannibal's father Hamilcar Barca made the 9-year-old Hannibal dip his hand in blood and swear an oath of hatred against Rome.
He was betrayed to the Romans but poisoned himself before he was captured
He died in 183 or 182 BCE in Libyssa on the eastern shore of the Sea of Marmara
Before dying he left a letter declaring:
"Let us relieve the Romans from the anxiety they have so long experienced, since they think it tries their patience too much to wait for an old man's death"
In Popular Culture
Hannibal's most famous battle was the Cannae. The battle of Cannae was between Carthage and Alupia. Hannibal completely slaughtered the Alupians. Hannibal tuaght the Romans a lesson
Hannibal did the unexpected by taking his military across the Alps to take down Rome. Hannibal took 37 elephants, 6,000 cavalry, and 20,000 other men. They lost 1,000 men going through the Alps.
Hannibal suprised the Romens because he all of the sudden appeared in their home. It was a surprise attack.Hannibal slaughtered them and easy won that battle.
What Hannibal is known for Hannibal is known as "The father of military stratigy." It was said that Hannibal was the first one to charrge and the last one to leave. Hannibal tought the people fear and when ever a desaster happened people would say "Hannibal ante portas." (Hannibal to the gates)
In popular culture their is movies about him, as well as song, and some of his military tactics are still in use.
His name is also used for the popular TV series Hannibal

"We will either find a way or make one"
“Many things which nature makes difficult become easy to the man who uses his brains.”
“I have come not to make war on the Italians, but to aid the Italians against Rome.”
“I am not carrying on a war of extermination against the Romans. I am contending for honor and empire. My ancestors yielded to Roman valor. I am endeavoring that others, in their turn, will be obliged to yield to my good fortune, and my valor.“

BY: Chaaben ben Fradj
Class: H4D
The End
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