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AP: Slavery and Nationalism

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Luke Bailey

on 2 February 2018

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Transcript of AP: Slavery and Nationalism

1995
2000
2010
1990
2005
AP: Slavery and Nationalism
Slavery falls out of favor (Early 1800s)
-Enlightenment ideas about equality

-Protestant resistance

-It's inefficient

-Post Haiti, more slave revolts (British Jamaica)
Britain
-Alliance of Protestants (William Wilberforce) and and Enlightenment progressives join to ban slave trade in 1807

-Slavery itself banned by 1834

-Other nationals follow suit, and Britain takes its navy to the seas arresting slave traders and freeing slaves
Russia
-Russia remained, even in 1800s, a nation with serfdom, and absolute monarch, and no legal rights for its people

-In 1825, a group of army officers (radicalized by Enlightenment ideas during Napoleonic Wars) attempted and failed to stage a revolt. This was the "Decembrist" revolt.

-While the revolt failed, Russia will ban serfdom in 1861, largely influenced by "enlightened" nobility
Consequences
-Outside Haiti, slaves were not given land and often forced into sharecropping

-"Indentured servants" often replaced slave labor

-Slavery actually increases in Africa. West Africa's economy devastated

-No "abolitionist" movement in Islamic world. Slaves stay.
Nationalism
-Prior to 1800s, few people thought of themselves as belonging to a "nation"- lands and titles changed hands frequently between different kings

-The "Revolutions", however, preached nationhood, an enlightenment idea, uniting people of the same ethnic group

-Napoleon also provided common enemy to unite against
A Changing Europe
Consequences
-Increased militarism

-Pressure on ethnic minorities to adapt to dominant culture (especially Jews)

-Used to combat forces such as feminism, socialism, because these forces divide people

-Leads to more rebellions in remaining colonies (Middle East, later Africa)
1772
1900
German Unification- 1863
-Prussia, with nationalist Chancellor Otto von Bismark, desired to unify German speaking lands

-They declared a series of wars with Denmark, Austria, then France, winning them all

-The small German states then agreed to join a new nation- Germany
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